Holocaust/Genocide Lecture Notes

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Holocaust/Genocide Lecture Notes. Night. STANDARD 3.12. 3.12 Literary Criticism: Analyze the way in which a work of literature is related to the themes and issues of its historical period. (Historical approach). DO NOW: NIGHT/Genocide Unit. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Holocaust/Genocide Lecture Notes

Holocaust/Genocide Lecture NotesNight1STANDARD 3.123.12 Literary Criticism: Analyze the way in which a work of literature is related to the themes and issues of its historical period. (Historical approach).

2DO NOW: NIGHT/Genocide UnitList and briefly explain everything you know about the Holocaust, World War II, Adolf Hitler, and everything you know about GENOCIDE in particular.

3GenocideGenocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group.The term "genocide" was coined by Raphael Lemkin)from the Greek root gnos (family, tribe or race - gene); secondly from Latin -cide (to massacre, kill).4Genocide Ethnic Cleansing: the elimination of an unwanted ethnic group or groups from a society, as by genocide or forced emigration. This is just another term for GENOCIDE. Holocaust:(from the Greek: holos, "completely" and kaustos, "burnt")Shoah: "calamity,catastrophe, great big devastation. 5World War IIGermany and the World at war from 1938 to 1945.Russia, America, England and othersallies.As Germany defeated countries in Europe, they began deporting all Jews from the countries to POLANDwhere most of the death camps were located. Germany was defeated in 1945. Russia played a major role in the warthey lost over 25 million people fighting the Germans. Russia marched into Berlin, the capital of Germany in 1945, and defeated the Germans.As the Russians were fighting the war, they liberated-(freed) many concentration camps where the Jews were being killed. 67

Map of Worldhttp://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/world.htm

Lets look at Germany, Russia, Armenia, Turkey England, and Romaniathe birthplace of Elie Wiesel

8World Map

9From Talat Pasha and the Armenians to Hitler and the Jews

10Armenian GenocideApril 24, 1915WWII 1939-1945 -- Between 1941-1945From the Ottoman Turks to the Nazi Germans

1.5 Million Armenians6 Million Jews

Both countries combined are responsible for the murder, rape, and torture of over 7.5 Million men, women, and children.

Ottoman TurksNazi Germans1111From Hitler to Saloth Sar to Slobodan Miloevi

President of Yugoslavia-Responsible for killed hundreds of thousands of ethnic Albanians. He thought the Albanians were inferior and wanted a pure, ethnically clean Serbia for only pure Serbs.

Saloth Sar-AKA Pol Pot, was responsible for the killing of over a million Cambodians in 1970s. 12Milosovich to Pot

Serbs kill over 350,000 Albanians-1994Over 1 Million Cambodians Killed-1970sOver 500,000 Sudanese Murdered in Darfur- Happening NOW 2008 13It Starts with the Armenians

14The Armenian Genocide Starting in 1915, Turkey systematically murdered over 1.5 million Armenians. The Armenian Genocide is remembered every year on April 24. April 24, 1915 is when the Turks first started massacring the Armenians.Reasons: Religious. Armenians are ChristiansTurks are Muslim. Turkey wanted an all Muslim nation. 15Hanging of the Armenians

16Armenian Genocide

17Armenian Woman and Her Child

18Death Marches Death Marches of the Armenians. This would again be repeated with the Jews.

19Death Marches of the Armenians

20Eternal Fire Burning in Armenia

2122

The Armenian Genocide (1915)Adolf Hitler: After all, who remembers the killings of the Armenians?

23Holocaust TermsConcentration Camp, Any imprisonment camp for holding "enemies of Hitlers Germany. The construction of concentration camps began almost immediately after Hitler gained power in Germany. There were several kinds: labor camps, prison camps and death camps.Most of the concentration and death camps were located in POLAND, the rest in Germany. 24

2525Holocaust TermsDachau: a concentration camp located in Germany. First experiment with gas chambers were undertaken.Auschwitz: The largest of Nazi Germany's concentration camps. Located in Germany-occupied southern Poland, it took its name from the nearby town of Owicim (Auschwitz in German).Belzec: Death Camp located in Poland. More than 600,000 Jews were gassed at Belzec between 1941 and 1943.

2626Inside Dachau

27Concentration Camp-Auschwitz

28Work Will Set You Free

29Crematoriums

30Crematoriums

31Gas Chambers

32Zyklon B

33

3435

36Crematoriums

37Crematoriums

38The Gas Chambers: Disguised as Showers

39Mass Killings

40Trip to Concentration CampShow pictures and short video clip from Dachau 41MUST KNOW VOCABULARYHUTU: The majority ethnic group living in Rwanda. The Hutu planned and killed hundreds of thousands of Tutsis in 1994.TUTSI-The minority ethnic group living in Rwanda. Ottoman Empire-Also known as the Turkish Empire, the nation that destroyed 1.5 Million Armenians.Final Solution-The system of exterminating Jews, developed by Adolf Hitler.42MUST KNOW VOCABULARYCRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY- Crimes, such as murder, rape, and torture, against a collective group of people that can occur in times of war and peace.

All that is needed for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing!

43POEM- First They Came for the Jews First They Came for the Jews

First they came for the Jewsand I did not speak outbecause I was not a Jew.Then they came for the Communistsand I did not speak outbecause I was not a Communist.Then they came for the trade unionistsand I did not speak outbecause I was not a trade unionist.Then they came for meand there was no one leftto speak out for me.

Pastor Martin Niemller44First they cameBystander Witness Testimonial 45SonderkommandoSonderkommandos/Capos were Jewish work units of Nazi death camp prisoners forced to aid the killing process during The HolocaustJews who worked inside the death camps. Their tasks including transporting victims of gassing to the ovens, cleaning the gas chambers of human excrement and blood, removal of gold from the teeth of the victims, shaving the heads of those going to the gas chambers. 46Holocaust Terms===SKIPDeath Camps, or Killing Centers, a concentration camp the distinct purpose of which was the extermination of its inmates. Almost all of the German death camps were located in Poland: Auschwitz-Birkenau, Belzek, Chelmo, Madjanek, Sobibor, Treblinka.Death Marches, At the end of the war when it became obvious that the German army was trapped between the Soviets to the east and the advancing Allied troops from the west, the Nazis, in an attempt to prevent the liberation of camp inmates, forced them to march westward. Thousands died in these marches. 47Holocaust TermsDeportation, the removal of people from their areas of residency for purposes of resettlement elsewhere. With regard to the Jews of Europe, deportation meant removal either to a ghetto or a concentration camp in preparation for yet another removal to an extermination center.TrainsCattle cars

48Gestapo and the Nazi CommandersGestapo, the German internal security police - secret police. They terrorized the Jews. SS, originally Hitler's elite guard.the SS was in charge of the death camps.49The SS Humiliating Jews

50Heinrich Himmler-2nd in Command

51GhettoGhetto, a Yiddish word referring to a walled section of a city in which Jews were required to live during the Middle Ages. The concept was revived by the Nazi regime as part of the Final Solution to the Jewish Question.52Ghetto

53Ghetto

54Terms to KnowJuden, The German word for Jew. Judenrat, Jewish community authority, appointed by the Nazis for administration within the ghetto.Kristallnacht, "Night of broken glass," November 9, 1938, pogrom against German Jews, Jewish businesses and synagogues orchestrated by the Gestapo in retaliation for the assassination of a minor German embassy official in Paris by a 17 year-old Jewish youth named Herchel Grynzspan. 7,500 businesses and 101 synagogues were destroyed, almost 100 Jews were killed and several thousand were arrested and sent to concentration camps. The beginning of the Holocaust.55Kristallnacht

56Terms to KnowRabbi: Leader of a Jewish congregation, similar to the role of a priest or minister. (synagogue) Star of David: A six-pointed star which is a symbol of Judaism. During the Holocaust, Jews throughout Europe were required to wear Stars of David on their sleeves or fronts and backs of their shirts.SynagogueJewish house of worshipa Jewish Church.

57Terms to Know Aryan: A term for peoples speaking the language of Europe and India. In Nazi racial theory, a person of pure German "blood." The term "non-Aryan" was used to designate Jews, part-Jews and others of supposedly inferior racial stock.Aryan people include: Greeks, Slavs, Romans, Armenians, Germans, Celts, Batls, Iranians, Indians, and other peoples of European race. Hitler took this idea of the perfect Aryan race and made it exclusive to Blond Hair, Blue Eyes German people. 58Terms to KnowAntisemitism: Opposition to and discrimination against Jews.Stereotype: Biased generalizations about a group based on hearsay, opinions, and distorted, preconceived ideas.Discrimination: : racial and religious intolerance.Dehumanization: The Nazi policy of denying Jews basic civil rights such as practicing religion , education, and adequate housing. (First they take away your freedom, then your shelter, your home, then your family, then your name, and finally, your life).

59Terms to KnowPrejudice- an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.Intolerance-lack of toleration; unwillingness or refusal to tolerate or respect contrary opinions or beliefs, persons of different races or backgrounds, etc.Bigotry- stubborn and complete intolerance of any creed, belief, or opinion that differs from one's own.60Ethnocentricity Et