Amnesty International - Final - effects!of amnesty! international! upon! the! collaborations! between!

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  • Amnesty International Study Guide

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    I. LETTER FROM THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ............................................................................ 3

    II. LETTER FROM THE UNDER SECRETARY-GENERAL ............................................................... 4

    III. COMMITTEE INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................ 5 B. DECISION MAKING MECHANISM OF THE AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL ..................................................... 7

    IV. TOPIC INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 7

    V. PATHWAY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS: MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGS) .................................................................................................................................... 9 A. ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY& HUNGER ................................................................................... 14 B. ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION ................................................................................... 14 C. PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND EMPOWER WOMEN .................................................................. 15 D. ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY ................................................................................... 16 E. DEVELOP A GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT .................................................................... 17

    VI. SCRUTINY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGS) ............................................ 20

    VII. THE ONGOING ACTIONS TAKEN BY THE CORPORATIONS ............................................... 24 A. TOMS ................................................................................................................................. 24 B. MICROSOFT CORPORATIONS ...................................................................................................... 25 C. SANDOZ .............................................................................................................................. 26 D. ROYAL DUTCH SHELL ............................................................................................................... 27 E. BRITISH PETROLEUM ................................................................................................................ 28 F. UNILEVER ............................................................................................................................ 29

    VIII. AN ANTICIPATORY ROLE OF CORPORATIONS WITH UNITED NATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF SDGS ................................................................................................................................. 30 A. ROLE OF THE UNITED NATIONS .................................................................................................. 31 1. Global Compact .............................................................................................................. 31 2. United Nations Office for Partnerships ........................................................................... 34

    B. ROLE OF THE CORPORATIONS ..................................................................................................... 35

    IX. THE EFFECTS OF AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL UPON THE COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN UNITED NATIONS AND CORPORATIONS ................................................................................. 36

    X. POINTS THAT A REPORT SHOULD COVER ......................................................................... 38

    XI. CONCLUSION .................................................................................................................. 39

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    I. Letter from the Secretary-General

    Most distinguished participants,

    Firstly, I would like to welcome you all to the third edition of Ko University Model United

    Nations Conference (KUMUN). My name is Emre lker Karata and I have the honor and pleasure

    to serve you as the Secretary-General of this edition of KUMUN. Under the umbrella of the Ko

    University MUN Club, KUMUN has been growing ever since its start. In its third edition, we are

    proud to say that KUMUN will be a one-of-a-kind boutique conference of crisis simulations.

    Bearing in mind the theme of Bringing Order to Chaos, we have chosen one of the most

    important International Human Rights Advocacy Groups in the world: Amnesty International.

    The participants of this committee will elaborate on the Corporations part in achieving the

    Sustainable Development Goals, which are a milestone for achieving global prosperity.

    The composition of this committee required dedication and great interest in international

    human rights law. For his amazing work, I would like to thank my friend Mr. Fatih Gktu pin,

    Under-Secretary-General responsible of the Amnesty International.

    Lastly, I would like to say that even though these committees are designed to be of high quality,

    keep in mind that they are also designed for you to enjoy the academic content. Therefore, I

    would like to finish my words with saying that you should enjoy while you are bringing order to

    the world with using Multinational Corporations. Should you have any questions regarding the

    content, you can contact the Academic Team through kumunsecretariat@ku.edu.tr

    Sincerely,

    Emre lker Karata

    Secretary-General of KUMUN 2016

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    II. Letter from the Under Secretary-General

    Honorable Participants of the 3rd annual edition of Ko University Model United Nations

    Conference,

    My name is Fatih Gktu pin and I stand humble before you as the Under-Secretary General of

    Amnesty International. I am a freshman at Ko University, Department of International

    Relations and you can believe that KUMUN is a conference, which can offer you cognizing the

    ongoing and historic problems right along with the best social events.

    This years KUMUN opens a new door for Model UN society: Amnesty International. For the first

    time in Turkey, one of the most crowded nongovernmental organizations will be simulated with

    only 9 esteemed delegates who know the drill and increase the flow of debate. The Amnesty

    International gives a chance to spotlight the missing or underestimated problems from all

    around the World. Yet, the committee has a special agenda item, namely Regarding the

    Strategic Position of Corporations with the United Nations under the Scope of Sustainable

    Development Goals The topic is really pink elephants despite their having huge effects on

    people and it remains waiting to be solved. In addition to this, since the Amnesty International

    has a very different system from normal Model UN committees, at the end of the conference,

    we will have a detailed and well-written report. Hence, the valid mechanism for decision

    process will be written down. For this purpose, I would like to suggest you to read the Study

    Guide, Secretary-General Report and Rules of Procedure carefully, and scale the problems from

    different aspects.

    Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any kind of question on your mind.

    Kind Regards,

    Fatih Gktu pin

    Under-Secretary-General Responsible for Amnesty International

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    III. Committee Introduction

    The Amnesty International is a humanitarian non-governmental organization which is focused

    on human right abuses from very different perspectives and raises public awareness with its

    pure and feasible reports; outmaneuvering the cruel governments since 1962 by Peter

    Benenson, an English lawyer.

    The operational system of Amnesty International is based on its volunteers; however the

    decisions of Amnesty International tell another story. With the same procedural system with the

    United Nations Ad Hoc Committees, Amnesty International harbors an advisory committee to

    make the association be in order, namely, the International Board. The International Board

    consists of nine plenipotentiaries, each of whom is a member of Amnesty International and

    professional human rights experts as well. They are elected to hold office by the biennial

    sessions of International Council Meeting (ICM) with limited duration of 4 years. However, it is

    possible for the re-elections in every ICMs. Each member is acceptable for re-election for a

    maximum of two consecutive terms.

    The role of the International Board is to give guidance for the development of Amnesty

    International with its advices while keeping the regional problems in mind. The main goals of

    the International Board is such as but not limited to:

    ensuring the movements consent with Amnesty International's official standing rule and

    context

    assuring establishment of Amnesty International's Integrated Strategic Plan

    ensuring the sound financial management of Amnesty International at the international

    level

    providing consent for the establishment of sections, structures and other bodies of

    Amnesty International

    holding sections, structures and other bodies of Amnesty International culpable for their

    working by presenting reports to the International