45892259 Diktat Teori Dan an Arsitektur Moderen

Embed Size (px)

Text of 45892259 Diktat Teori Dan an Arsitektur Moderen

DIKTAT KULIAHTeori dan Perkembangan Arsitektur Modern

By, Ir. Eko Nursanty, MT

Diktat Kuliah Teori dan Perkembangan Arsitektur Moderen SEMARANG BACKPACKER 2010 All right reserved.

Penulis :Desain : Archita Permata Santynawan Editor : Gunawan Hendro Cahyono

Perpustakaan Nasional: Katalog Dalam Terbitan ISBN: 978-602-98167-0-9

Cetakan 1, Desember 2010 Penerbit: SEMARANG BACKPACKER. www.semarangbackpacker.com Jln. Taman Rambutan II B3/12B Bukit Semarang Baru (BSB) Mijen SEMARANG +62 815 770 6195

Diktat teori dan perkembangan arsitektur modern 3. Oleh: Ir. Eko Nursanty, MT

Kata PengantarTerima kasih kepada Allah SWT, atas perkenan dan ridhonya, buku diktat Teori dan Perkembangan Arsitektur Modern ini dapat terselesaikan. Terima kasih kepada semua partner di Prodi Arsitektur UNTAG Semarang, beserta mahasiswa saya yang selalu mensupport materi dari berbagai sumber terbaru bagi kesempurnaan diktat ini. Arsitektur Modern sedang berlangsung dan akan terus berlangsung di masa mendatang. Mempelajarinya dengan lebih dalam akan mampu menciptakan gaya khas seorang arsitek tanpa kelatahan pada sesuatu diluar ilmu kearsitekturannya sendiri. Semoga kekaguman pada karya-karya besar yang tercatat didalam sejarah ini akan mampu memberikan inspirasi untuk melahirkan karya-karya penuh inovasi di masa mendatang. Buku ini membahas sebagian yang terjadi dalam proses perjalanan Arsitektur Moderen di Eropa. Baik dari latar belakang, sejarah dan rangkaian perjalanan yang terjadi bersama beberapa tokoh dan karya-karyanya. Semoga berguna bagi perkembangan ke arsitekturan umumnya dan dunia pendidikan khususnya.

Gambar 1: Barwa Finance District, Qatar

Diktat teori dan perkembangan arsitektur modern 3. Oleh: Ir. Eko Nursanty, MT

Daftar IsiKata Pengantar.................................................................................................................................................................................................... iii Daftar Isi .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. iv Daftar Gambar .................................................................................................................................................................................................. viii Chapter 1 Latar Belakang Arsitektur Moderen. .......................................................................................................................................................1 Chapter 2 Sejarah Lahirnya Arsitektur Moderen .....................................................................................................................................................5 Arsitektur dan Revolusi Industri. .........................................................................................................................................................................5 Modernisme Sebagai Gaya Dominan...................................................................................................................................................................7 Karakteristik. ......................................................................................................................................................................................................10 Lahirnya Kota-Kota Industri. ..............................................................................................................................................................................10 Chapter 3 Periode dan Style Arsitektur Moderen. ................................................................................................................................................13 1730-1925: Neoclassical ....................................................................................................................................................................................13 1860-1900: Arts and Crafts ................................................................................................................................................................................14 1905-1930: Bungalow Styles ..............................................................................................................................................................................14 1890-1914 : Art Nouveau ...................................................................................................................................................................................16 1895-1925 : Beaux Arts ......................................................................................................................................................................................17 1925-1937 : Art Deco. .......................................................................................................................................................................................17 1900 sekarang. ................................................................................................................................................................................................18 Chapter 4 Eklektisme dan Neo Klasik.....................................................................................................................................................................19 Chapter 5 Arts dan Craft dalam Arsitektur Moderen ............................................................................................................................................21 Chapter 6 Bauhaus .................................................................................................................................................................................................25 Sejarah Bauhaus.................................................................................................................................................................................................25 Diktat teori dan perkembangan arsitektur modern 3. Oleh: Ir. Eko Nursanty, MT

Bauhus dan Modernisasi di Jerman ...................................................................................................................................................................28 Chapter 7 Gerakan Avant Garde di Eropa ..............................................................................................................................................................31 Deutscher Werkbund .........................................................................................................................................................................................31 Art Nouveau Arsitektur ......................................................................................................................................................................................32 Art Deco Arsitektur ............................................................................................................................................................................................33 Beaux Arts Arsitektur .........................................................................................................................................................................................34 Karakteristik Bangunan Beaux-Arts ...................................................................................................................................................................35 Chapter 8 Aliran-Aliran Arsitektur Moderen .........................................................................................................................................................37 Modernism .........................................................................................................................................................................................................38 Expressionism ....................................................................................................................................................................................................39 Constructivisme .................................................................................................................................................................................................39 Functionalism .....................................................................................................................................................................................................41 International Style..............................................................................................................................................................................................41 Desert Modernism .............................................................................................................................................................................................42 Structuralism ......................................................................................................................................................................................................42 Formalism ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................44 High Tech ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................44 Brutalism .....................................................................................................................................................................................................