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The principle of Operation and Application of a Linear Shaft Motor Nippon Pulse America, INC January 13, 2005 To Toll Free Phone: 877-378-0240 Toll Free Fax: 877-378-0249 [email protected] www.servo2go.com Sold & Serviced By:

Nippon Pulse linear shaft motor presentation 2005

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Page 1: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

The principle of Operation and Application of a Linear Shaft Motor

Nippon Pulse America, INC

January 13, 2005

To

Toll Free Phone: 877-378-0240Toll Free Fax: 877-378-0249

[email protected]

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Page 2: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

1.Principal of the Linear Shaft Motor

2.Distinctive Features of the Linear Shaft Motor

3.Actuator Module

4.Application

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Page 3: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Development Concept

Simple is the best!

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Page 4: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Shaft

Magnet Coil

Slider

Linear Shaft Motor Structure

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Page 5: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Linear Shaft Motor Principle

u w v u w v u w v

u w v u w v u w v

S N S N S NS N

Coil Flux

Shaft

Flux Thrust

CurrentFleming’s law

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Page 6: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Linear Shaft Motor vs. Linear Motor

NS

SN

NS

SN

NS

SN

Core(Iron)

Back York(Iron)

Coil

Coil Magnet

Magnet Adsorption Force

No influence by change of gap

LINEAR SHAFT MOTOR

Linear motor

Cogging by concentration of flux

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Page 7: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Linear Shaft Motor Structure

Table

Shaft-motor Shaft

Slider(coil)

Linear encoder

LinearGuideCable bare

Metal fittings

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Page 8: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Plate Shaft HolderLinear Guide Table Linear Encoder

Cables

Shaft Motor

Linear Shaft Motor Structure

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Page 9: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Linear Shaft Motor

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Page 10: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Distinctive FeaturesⅠ

Big thrust (6000N) possibilityQuiet, no friction during movementLight weight and compact due to no coreSimple structure allows building of unit from a short stroke up to 4.6M strokeHigh resolution (0.14nm), and when combined with high accuracy linear encoder you can achieve high precision positioning

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Page 11: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Distinctive FeaturesⅡIt is possible to control speed and positioning with high accuracy by using a linear encoder, even if the mechanical accuracy a little rough.High-speed drive (6.5m/Sec)Low-speed drive (8 μ m/Sec)Almost uniform in speed (±0.006% at 100mm/Sec)Can be used in strong environments such as underwater and in a vacuumWhen compared to other linear motors, it is compact and lightweight

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Page 12: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

F-V Curve

F-V curve shows characteristic of a DC motor (However, the classification for a shaft motor of “The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan” is a synchronous motor)

7000N output (Size of Slider:120 x 120 x 540)

0

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

6000

7000

8000

0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4

VELOCITY (m/ sec)

FO

RC

E (

N)

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

F- V定格推力

出力効率

FVSpecified ThrustOutputEfficiency

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Page 13: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Current in Movement

Only at the time of an acceleration and slowdown, current flows.

In case of a linear motor with a core, about 30% of rated current flows even at the time of constant speeding -10

-505

10152025303540

移動時間

速度

(mm

/s)

- 1.5

-1

-0.5

0

0.5

1

1.5

電流

値(A

)

速度(V) 電流値(A)Velocity(V) Current(A)

Velo

city

(m

m/s

)

Cur

rent

(A)

Time

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Page 14: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Data for Temperature Increase427Q 温度試験 <定格6.4A 25% = 1.6A>

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

0 720 1440 2160 2880 3600 4320 5040 5760経過時間 (1Div=1時間) Total 8時間26分35秒 最高温度24.5℃

温度

 (

CH01:室温 CH02:U-コイル CH03:V-コイル CH04:W-コイル CH05:フィン-L CH06:フィン-R

427Q Temperature Test (6.4A 25%=1.6A)

CH01:Rm. Tep. CH02:U Coil CH03:V Coil CH04:W Coil CH05:Fin L CH06:Fin R

Tem

pera

ture

(C

)

Process time(1Div=1 h), Total=8h 26m 35s, Highest Tep.=24.5C

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Page 15: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

05

10152025303540

0 60 120 180 240 300経過時間(分)

温度

(℃)

荷重1kg、、Vmax=1m/ s、α max=1G、ストローク200mm/両端1秒停止往復運転

テーブル温度

室温

温度上昇=テー フ ル゙ 温度ー室温

Temperature Increase on a TableTe

mpe

ratu

re(

C)

Load:!kg, V max=1m/s, α

max=1 G

Stroke:200mm( Round movement after 1sec stop at at the both ends)

Process time

Temperature on the table

Temperature in the room

Temperature increase = Temperature on the table – Temperature in the

room

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Page 16: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Duty Curve

DUTY=Acceleration and slowdown/cycle

In case of a linear motor, constant movement (Duty=1) is not practical.

Technique utilizing duty well is the art of using a shaft motor.

435Q

0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1DUTY

推力

 (

N +10℃ +20℃ +30℃ +40℃ +50℃ +60℃ +70℃ +80℃ +90℃+100℃

Thru

st(

N)

435Q

DutyToll Free Phone: 877-378-0240

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Page 17: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Repetition Positioning Accuracy

Available within ±1.2 pulses of encoder resolution (3σ)(encoder resolution:less than 10nm)

No influence with Expansion and contraction of a shaft

Time(s)

静的位置決め性能(エンコーダ分解能8.6nm)

- 0.005

- 0.004

- 0.003

- 0.002

- 0.001

0

0.001

0.002

0.003

0.004

0.005

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80Time (s)

Dis

tanc

e(m

m

静的位置決め性能(エンコーダ分解能8.6nm)

- 60- 55- 50- 45- 40- 35- 30- 25- 20- 15- 10- 505

1015202530354045505560

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80Time (s)

Dis

tanc

e(m

m

Used with 8.6nm resolution encoder

Used with 8.6nm resolution encoderD

ista

nce(

mm

)D

ista

nce(

mm

)Time(s)

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Page 18: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

:Enlargement

Model

S160T

Condition

Vmax≒1m/sec

αmax≒1G

High Precise Positioning up to ±0.1μm,

without overshoot

Precise Positioning

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Page 19: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Acceleration|G|

time(sec)0.1

0.2

0.3

2

4

6

8

0

1

2

3

0

Acceleration and slowdown

Speed

-

1 0

Type W

Stroke:700mmConstant Speed:

3.3m/s

Performance Characteristics of High Speed

Velocity(m/s)

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Page 20: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Highest Speed

Conditions

6.3m/sec

Motor:S435Q

Loading:26kg

Stroke:850mm

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Page 21: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

低 速 送 り   ( 8 μ m /

0

0.005

0.01

0.015

0.02

0.025

0.03

0.035

0.04

0.045

0.05

0 50 100 150 200 2 50

Time (s)

Ve

loc

ity(

mm

/s)

8μm/sec

Velo

city

(m

m/s

ec)

Time (sec)

Lowest Speed

Conditions

Velocity:8μm/sec

Motor:S320D

Loading:10kg

Stroke:2mm

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Page 22: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0Time (Seconds)

99.990

99.995

100.000

100.005

100.010

100.015

Channel 1 Velocity (Millimeter/sec)

Uniformity in speed:±0.006%Velocity

(mm/sec)

Uniformity in High SpeedConditions

Velocity:100mm/sec

Motor:S320D

Loading:10kg

Stroke:220mm

Encoder:0.1μm

Time(sec)

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Page 23: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

一 定 速 度   5 m m / L

4 .9 94 .9 9 14 .9 9 24 .9 9 34 .9 9 44 .9 9 54 .9 9 64 .9 9 74 .9 9 84 .9 9 9

55 .0 0 1

5 .0 0 25 .0 0 35 .0 0 45 .0 0 55 .0 0 65 .0 0 75 .0 0 85 .0 0 9

5 .0 1

0 1 0 0 2 0 0 3 0 0 4 0 0 5 0 0 6 0 0 7 0 0 8 0 0 9 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0

Time (s)

Ve

loc

ity

(mm

/s)

Velocity(mm/sec)

Time(sec)

Uniformity in Low SpeedUniformity in speeding:±0.01%

Conditions

Velocity:5mm/sec

Motor:S320D

Loading:10kg

Stroke:220mm

Encoder:0.1μm

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Page 24: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

シャフトモーター435Qの保持力

0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16偏移 (μ m)

推力

 (

Holding Thrust of S435D

Deviation (μm)

Thru

st(

N)

Holding ThrustDue to servo control, thrust is not held after achieving the position to be programmed

Holding thrust up to the maximum is maintained during operation

Holding thrust depends on the gain

Holding thrust is also depends on the resolution of an encoder

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Page 25: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Magnetic force abruptly decreases when leaving from the surface of the shaft

Very little influence in proportion to the distance from N-S pitch

No relation between the pitch of both poles and positioning accuracy

Thrust field is different from magnetic field

- 0.4

- 0.3

- 0.2

- 0.1

0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0 15 30 45 60 75 90 105 120

POSITION (mm)

MAG

NET

IC F

LUX

DEN

SITY

(

表 面 か らの 距 離  10 mm            5 mm

          0 mm

Magnetic Field

0

0.05

0.1

0.15

0.2

0.25

0.3

0.35

0.4

0 5 10 15 20 25 30表面からの距離(mm)

磁界

の強

さ(

Distance from surface (mm)

Position (mm)

Mag

netic

Flu

x D

ensi

ty(T

) Distance from surface:10mmDistance from surface:

5mmDistance from surface:

0mm

Mag

netic

Fo

rce

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Page 26: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Advantages for Manufacturing

• Quality Control – Saving time in inspection– Simple QC in total due to the simple structure

• Cost Control – Low cost in making a guide– Basically low cost in structure

• Process Control – High productivity (due to simple assembling)– Flexibility of production(Exchangeable in production

process)– Easy maintenance

(In comparison to a conventional liner motor)

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Page 27: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Development and Production

Odate Factory(Akita)

Development and Designing

For Customer Application

Development(Technical Center in Tokyo)

Production(Iwaki, Odate, Chaina Factories)

Motor, Driver, Controller, Communication System

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Page 28: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

3 pcs of Driver for Shaft Motor

Shaft Motor

Slider of Shaft Motor

Slider of Shaft Motor Shaft Motor

Limit Sensor with

T-NET

Limit Sensor with

T-NET

Multiple Movement

for 4 axes with

stepping motor

2 axes driver for

stepping motor

Movement Sens

or with T-NET

Controller Unit NPM-104EMBC

NPMC6045-4104board built-in (4 axes

control) NPMCTNET-I/O 104

board G9001 built-in

Application of Linear Shaft Motor for Medical Purpose

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Page 29: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Business for Linear Shaft Motor

Development of Motor : GMC HillstoneDevelopment of Peripherals : Nippon Pulse MotorProduction of Motor : GMC Hillstone

Nippon Pulse MotorProduction of Peripherals : Nippon Pulse MotorSales of System Actuator : Nippon Pulse Motor

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Page 30: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

System of Actuator1. Motor and Driver2. Motor, Driver and Controller 3. Motor, Driver, Controller and Encoder4. Motor, Driver, Controller, Encoder and

Communication System

Propose with Module Actuator Supply to Our Customers with the Best Module Actuator

5. ?6. ?

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Page 31: Nippon Pulse  linear shaft motor presentation 2005

Shaft

Magnet Coil

Slider

What is a shaft motor?This is a direct drive-linear-servomotor

which is controlling movement by switching on the current to the shaft arrayed inside with magnets and the coil rolled in the shape of a cylinder

Structure of a shaft motor

Cables for moving

part

Cables for encoder

Table

Magnet shaft

Linear encoderLinear guide

Moving part (coil) Shaft holder

ApplicationUsing high resolution High precision position accuracyUsing stability in speeding and less than 0.05% of unevenness of

movement Precise measurementUsing 0.1μm of repetition positioning accuracy Pinpoint

alignmentA system can be compact and it can build simply. System design

with high flexibility

2 heads of a shaft motor are used at the X-axis

1 head of a shaft motor is used at the Y-axis

Features of a shaft motorQuiet, no friction during movementBig thrust (6000N)Repetition of position accuracy is available in 0.1μm.Compared with the other drive system, it is very stable in speeding and

possible to control with stable speed.Possible to operate by a high-speed drive (6.5 m/Sec) to low-speed drive

(8μm /Sec).Can be used in strong environments such as underwater and in a vacuum.A system is compact and simple.

Summary

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