Contingency Diagramming 1

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  • Conceptual WorkshowHow to use The Contingency-Diagramming Checklist

    Version 1.0 (Original paper based): Lori Johnson and Janet EmmendorferVersion 2.0 (Computer-based): Jason OttoVersion 2.1: Jason Otto, Moira McGlynn and Mitch FrylingVersion 2.2: Eduardo Osorio, Conny Raaymakers, Morgan Reynolds, and Greg Partlo

    57 Questions between two parts. Approximately 1 hour 30 minutes to complete the two parts.Click the forward action button to advance.

  • Conceptual WorkshowHow to use The Contingency-Diagramming Checklist

    Do you hear music? You should, so check your volume or, if youre at the University lab, youll need to use headphones.

  • Behaver TestSpecific-Behavior TestAction TestDead-man TestReceiver TestCompare & ContrastThis is the table of contents. If this is the first time doing this workshow, then click on the continue button. But if this is review then you may choose where to go by left-clicking a test.Questions 2-5Questions 19-23Questions 15-18Questions 11-14Questions 6-10Mini-lectureContinue

    Should test (ask someone to go someplace) to see how easy it is. Visually, this is complex.

  • As you enter the world of behavior analysis, youll see that not all examples of our interactions with the world and people are quite as simple as they may look.

  • To help you along the way, weve designed a job aid (The Contingency-Diagramming Checklist) of all the concepts and general rules you need to keep in mind while analyzing and creating behavioral contingencies.

  • You can come up with really interesting analyses of human and animal behaviorYou could impress your teacher and hopefully even make your buddies in class laugh.Or theyll think hard about your examples heavy-duty intellectuality.But before youre done with each example, youll make sure that it passes all 10 tests.We call the job aid with the 10 tests the Pink Sheet.And it saves many lost contingencies that need saving.Sometimes youll be able to view the pink sheet by clicking a button like this, but its better to have the paper version out too.Click me if you want to see the Pink SheetLETS BEGIN! Click the pink sheet button to advance

  • Behaver Test:Is the behavior in the behavior box performed by the person who you are analyzing?

  • We have the problem, How can we get Bobby Brat to study? As all good Behavior Analysts, we find what can be a reinforcer for Bobby.

  • For most people, attention is a powerful reinforcer. And attention is a powerful reinforcer for Bobby, too.

  • Before

    BobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattention We can give Bobby attention contingent on his studying.Lets try to analyze Bobbys behavior with the contingency diagram

  • Wait! This isnt BobbyBefore

    BobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattention the person whose behavior were analyzing.

  • Before So we redo the example to make sure we analyze Bobbys behavior.BobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattentionBobbystudies

  • Before

    Bobbystudies Bobby begins a worksheet.BobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattention

  • So how did we follow the Pink Sheet? A. Whose behavior are you analyzing? _________________________Behaver Test

    Is the behavior in the behavior box performed by the person who you are analyzing? If not, redo the example.BeforeBobbystudiesBobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattention

  • A. Whose behavior are you analyzing? _________________________Behaver Test

    Is the behavior in the behavior box performed by the person who you are analyzing? If not, redo the example.Before

    Lets take another look at the contingency on Bobbys behavior.BobbystudiesBobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattention

  • A. Whose behavior are you analyzing? _________________________Behaver Test

    Is the behavior in the behavior box performed by the person who you are analyzing? If not, redo the example.Before

    Bobbystudies

  • A. Whose behavior are you analyzing? _________________________Behaver Test

    Is the behavior in the behavior box performed by the person who you are analyzing? If not, redo the example.Before

    BobbystudiesBobbyreceivesattention

  • A. Whose behavior are you analyzing? _________________________Behaver Test

    Is the behavior in the behavior box performed by the person who you are analyzing? If not, redo the example.Before

    BobbystudiesBobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattention

  • A. Whose behavior are you analyzing? _________________________Behaver Test

    Is the behavior in the behavior box performed by the person who you are analyzing? If not, redo the example.Before

    BobbystudiesBobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattention Be sure to distinguish between BEHAVER and BEHAVIOR. The BEHAVER is the person who is responding and BEHAVIOR is what he is doing.

  • Bobby Brat is at his desk when he sees a perfect opportunity to shoot a spit ball at Susie in front of him. He shoots spit balls because her reaction is mucho attention for him. Whats the contingency on Bobbys behavior?

  • YesNo

    Does this contingency diagram pass the behaver test?Before

    Susie yellsBobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattentionClick me if you want to see the Pink SheetClick me if you want to see the story again

  • Contingency-Diagramming Checklist A. Whose behavior are you analyzing? _________________________ 1. Behaver Test Is the behavior in the behavior box performed by the person who you are analyzing? If not, redo the example.BeforeBehaviorAfterD. What is the condition before the response?

    10. Related Outcomes TestIs the before condition related to the after condition? (Often the relationship is one of opposites) If not, change one or both of the conditions. Use this checklist for every contingency diagram you do and youll save yourself some headaches and impress your TA during transparency time. Simply place the answer to each of the 10 questions for the corresponding blank in the contingency diagram above it. Turn the checklist over to determine which type of contingency you have. In learning these criteria for a test, you need only know each name and sentence thats bold.B. What is the behavior being analyzed or diagrammed?

    2. Deadman TestCan a dead man do it? If he can, then you havent properly specified the behavior. So roll over the dead man.

    3. Action TestDoes the behavior involve an action? (Hint: Learning, receiving, being, hearing, seeing, and feeling are not behavior). If not, then change the behavior.

    4. Specific-Behavior TestIs it perfectly clear exactly what action is involved in the behavior? If not, then reword the behavior.

    5. Reinforceable Response-Unit TestAre there any interruptions of greater than 60 seconds during the response? If there are, then the behavior is not a response-unit. Rewrite the behavior.C. What is the outcome that follows the response?

    6. Stimulus TestIs the before & after a stimulus, event or condition and not a behavior of the behaver? If its not a stimulus then change your condition. (Hint: If the before or after is another behavior of the behaver, you probably dont have a correct condition. Exceptions: self-reinforcement, seeing, hearing, or the opportunity for activity.

    7. Causality TestIs the outcome caused by the response? If not, change the outcome.

    8. 60 TestDoes the outcome follow the response by more than 60 seconds? If so, find an immediate outcome.

    9. Receiver TestIs the behaver the receiver of the outcome (after condition)? If not, rework the example. Hint: Make sure the diagram passes the behaver test firstBack to the Question

  • Before

    Susie yellsYesNo

    Bobbyreceives noattention Does this contingency diagram pass the behaver test?Click me if you want to see the Pink SheetIncorrect, you should check the pink sheet.Click me if you want to see the story again

  • YesCorrect, were interested in Bobbys behavior.

    Before

    Bobbyreceives noattentionSusie yells Does this contingency diagram pass the behaver test?

  • Bobby shoots a spit ballSusie gets hit by a spit ball

    So how would you fix it?Before

    ?BobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattentionClick me if you want to see the story again

  • Bobby shoots a spit ballSusie gets hit by a spit ball

    So how would you fix it?Before

    ?BobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattentionIncorrect, you should have Bobby in the Behavior box.Click me if you want to see the story again

  • Bobby shoots a spit ballSusie gets hit by a spit ball

    So how would you fix it?Before

    Bobbyshootsa spit ballBobbyreceivesattentionBobbyreceives noattentionCorrect, Bobby is the person whose behavior we are analyzing, so his name should be in the behavior box

  • YesNo

    We want to analyze Susies behavior. Is there something wrong with this contingency diagram? Before

    Susie has no attention

    Susie says, Youre a brat Bobby! Then Bobby gives her attention with a smile. Click me if you want to see the story again

  • YesNo

    We want to analyze Susies behavior. Is there something wrong with this contingency diagram?Susie says, Youre a brat Bobby! Then Bobby gives her attention with a smile. There is something wrong. Read the Behaver test on the Pink Sheet.

  • YesNo

    We want to analyze Susies behavior. Is there something wrong with this contingency diagram?Susie says, Youre a brat Bobby! Then Bobby gives her attention with a smile. Thats right. This diagram is incorrect.

  • BobbysSusies

    We want to analyze Susi