Diagramming sentences

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  • 1. Diagramming Sentences We can diagram a sentence to show its structure, and to see how its parts are related. Wecan diagram sentenceaBrought to you by V. Hinkle 1

2. Start with a horizontal line. Artists paint Write the simple subject and verb on theline. Artists paint. Separate them with a vertical line thatcrosses the base line. 2 3. Another example: Birdsare singing Birds are singing. Write the simple subject and verb on theline. Separate them with a vertical line thatcrosses the base line. 3 4. What if we describe the subject? artists paint Ta len te d Talented artists paint. Talented describes artists. Write it on a diagonal line below the wordit describes.4 5. What if we describe the verb? Artistspaint Tawelenllted Talented artists paint well. Well describes how they paint. Write it on a diagonal line below the wordit describes.5 6. What if there is a direct object?Artists paintpicturesTawe lellnted What do artists paint? Talented artists paint pictures well. Write the direct object after the verb. Draw a vertical separator which stops at the line. 6 7. Have you noticed?Artistspaintpictures The vertical line that The vertical line thatseparates the subjectseparates the verbfrom the verb crossesfrom the direct objectthe base line. stops at the base line. 7 8. What if we describe the direct object? Artists paint pictures Ta were alelllis nttic ed Talented artists paint realistic pictures well. What kind of pictures do artists paint? Realistic describes pictures. Write it on a diagonal line under pictures. 8 9. What if there is a prepositional phrase? Artists paintpictures of Tarepeople len ali st i te c d Talented artists paint realistic pictures of people. What do artists paint pictures of? Of people describes the pictures. Write it on a frame under pictures.9 10. Try a different prepositional phrase. Artists paint pictures Ta re on lenalicanvas st i tec d Talented artists paint realistic pictures on canvas. Where do artists paint pictures? on canvas. How, when, and where describe verbs. Write it on a frame under paint. 10 11. Build a new sentence. Hamsters run.Hamstersrun11 12. Describe the hamsters.Energetic hamsters run.HamstersrunEner ge t ic 12 13. Where do hamsters run?Energetic hamsters run on wheels.Hamsters run onwheelsEner ge t ic Prepositionalphrase 13 14. What kind of wheels?Energetic hamsters run on exercise wheels.Hamstersrun onwheelsEner ge ex t ice rc iseexercise describes wheels 14 15. Practice another sentence. Hamsters eat.Hamsterseat15 16. What do hamsters eat? Hamsters eat seeds.Hamsterseat seeds Seeds is the direct object. It follows the verb, after a vertical separator. 16 17. What kind of seeds? Hamsters eat sunflower seeds. Hamsters eatseedssu n flow erSunflower describes seeds.Write it on a diagonal line under seeds.17 18. Have you noticed? Only subjects, verbs, and objects Go on the horizontal line. Words that describe them go below themon diagonal lines. Monkeys eat bananas swin trees Hu ee ngtrythe 18 19. Linking verbs Tweety is yellow. Tweetyis yellowsubject verb Subject complementWhat follows a linking verb renames ordescribes the subject.It is a complement, not a direct object.19 20. Linking verbs Tweety is yellow.Tweety isyellowsubjectverb Subject complementBecause the complement describes thesubject, the dividing line tilts backtoward the subject. 20 21. Try another sentence. Sylvester is a cat.Sylvesteris cata Cat = renames Sylvester. Cat = predicate noun.21 22. Add more description. Poor Sylvester is a frustrated predator.Sylvesterispredatorfru aPo storrate d Predator = renames Sylvester. Predator = predicate noun. 22 23. Other linking verbs The pot of brains smells suspiciously rancid.pot smellsrancid su Thof spebrainsicious Rancid = describes the pot. ly Rancid = predicate adjective.23