Sunday morning session #7.
- 1.Welcome to Retreat 2010Learning and Living the God-centered Life www.learningandlivingtheword.comFebruary 6, 2009 Session #7
2. Purpose = the glory of GodGenesis Revelation Plan = Gods unfolding and progressive redemption of mankindThe key to seeing and understanding the plan of redemption inthe Bible from Genesis to Revelation is the kingdom of God. 3. The Kingdom of God Roots in GenesisNew Testamented atmedu mratens guisKingdom Pre-figured Co aum Inronomm P tern gddo omPat Ki Ki ngngdmKi gd onKiCreation - Fall - Redemption - RestorationThe Bible is mostly in a narrative language that shows us that Godis headed to an end. It is Gods unfolding and progressive plan ofhow He intends to redeem mankind. 4. Gods unfolding and progressive redemption of mankindGen 1-2 Gen 3Gen 12 Exodus Malachi Matt Rev Teaching sessionsKingdomconsummated Friday night Kingdom and Saturday morning inaugurated 400Overview and definitionsyears Kingdom Kingdom KingdomKingdom Pattern Promise Pre-figuredFulfilled Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3Phase 4 5. Phase 1 - the kingdom offered (Genesis 1-2)Phase 2 - the kingdom promised (Genesis 3-50)Phase 3 - the kingdom prefigured (Exodus-Malachi) - IsraelPhase 4 - the kingdom fulfilled (Matthew-Revelation) - Christ part 1 (Matthew-Jude) the kingdom inaugurated part 2 (Revelation) the kingdom consummatedPhase 3 and 4 are the fulfillment of the promise in Phase 2Phase 2 is the promise of Genesis 3:15 that extends out into thecovenant promise to Abraham 6. Israel and the land is a first level fulfillment of the promise thatGod gave back in Genesis 3:15What is happening with Christ is the second level fulfillment of thepromise that God gave to AbrahamIsrael is the type and Christ is the anti-type or the reality First level is provisional, Second level fulfillment is perfect First level is temporary, Second level fulfillment is eternalMoses had glory that was revealed in his face but it was a fadingglory like the Old Covenant because this represents the provisionalnature of this covenant 7. A better covenant which is the new covenant can be seen inHebrews; Heb. 7:22 so much the more also Jesus has become theguarantee of a better covenant. Heb. 8:6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, byas much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which hasbeen enacted on better promises. Heb. 8:13 When He said, A newcovenant, He has made the first obsolete. But whatever isbecoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear. Heb. 12:24 and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and tothe sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel. 8. The Suzerain King A covenant of worksThe Vassal King A covenant of graceThe PeopleIt is works for the vassal so that it might be grace for the people that he representsThis is the overriding point of the 4 gospels for Jesus is offering salvation for all whowill believe in Him 9. Oaths or CovenantsAn oath or covenant is a divinely sanctioned commitmentDivinely sanctioned doesnt mean divinely approved but it meansthat the covenant has sanctions in it which normally includesblessings and cursesDeuteronomy 27:11-26 and Deuteronomy 27:26 is the verse thatthe apostle Paul quotes in Galatians 3:10 which saysFor as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for itis written, CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO DOES NOT ABIDEBY ALL THINGS WRITTEN IN THE BOOK OF THE LAW, TOPERFORM THEM.Paul is saying that if you do not render complete obedience to theLaw throughout your whole life then you are under a curse 10. Notice in Deuteronomy 28 that the blessings are mentioned inverses 1-14 and in Leviticus 26This is an example in the Bible of a covenant or an oath and it hasthese sanctions attached that if you obey there will be blessing butif you disobey there will be a curseA key for us to understand is that every covenant in the Bible doesnot operate under the same principle.Though all covenants have blessings and curses not all covenantrelationships are conditioned on the human partnerThere are two types of covenants in the BibleOne is a covenant of grace in which God Himself takes thesanctionsAnd covenants of law or works in which the sanctions are takenagainst the human partner 11. The simple way to tell the difference is to ask the question; who istaking the oath by which the covenant is taking placeThe oath is recognized by the language my I be under a curse if Idont do everything stated in this covenantShould God take the covenant on Himself then it will be a covenantof graceShould man take the covenant on himself then it will be a covenantof worksIn the covenant with Abraham who takes the oath and the answer isGod Himself as we see in Genesis 15:17 as God passes through theanimal halvesWhen you come to the covenant at Mount Sinai then you see it is acovenant of Law because it is Israel that is agreeing to do what Godsays. 12. Historical ContextAnd this is the place where the people of Israel are trying to forestallthe judgment of God in which they promise to keep the law as itrelates to the releasing of slavesTurn to Jeremiah 34:18-20Jer. 34:18 I will give the men who have transgressed My covenant, who have notfulfilled the words of the covenant which they made before Me, when they cut thecalf in two and passed between its partsJer. 34:19 the officials of Judah and the officials of Jerusalem, the court officersand the priests and all the people of the land who passed between the parts of thecalfJer. 34:20 I will give them into the hand of their enemies and into the hand ofthose who seek their life. And their dead bodies will be food for the birds of the skyand the beasts of the earth.This is a symbol for us to understand that in Genesis 15 when Godpasses through the halves of the animals that God Himself is takingon the curse. 13. Definition for the "Kingdom of God"The Kingdom of God has come when God exercises His sovereignpower, to bestow His holy realm, on His holy people, through Hisobedient King (God place, Gods people and Gods rule)The obedient King is the federal head that is administering thekingdomThe kingdom of God is seen in the Bible in 3 ways:1. The kingdom of God can be seen with Adam and Eve in thegarden of Eden2. The kingdom of God was bestowed upon Israel through a numberof vassal kings in their redemptive history and the most famous kingwas David This was a provisional kingdom that was a type and shadow ofwhat was going to come 14. 3. Finally kingdom of God comes when Christ comes and now Godis bestowing His holy realm, on His holy people through Hisobedient KingThe Mosaic and Dividic CovenantGenesis 12 is where we first see the Abrahamic promise which is anexpansion of the mother promise that we see in Genesis 3:15. And itis the mother promises because it gives birth to all the otherpromises that we see in the BibleThe two main aspects of the promise are that of the: Seed Land 15. The Seed will crush his head and we see those two genealogiestraced for us in Genesis 5 (Adam to Shem) and Genesis 11(Shem toAbraham)This means that Abraham will be the one through whom this seedpromise will comeThe Land is the second part of the promise and we see this in Genesis13:10Lot lifted up his eyes and saw all the valley of the Jordan, that it waswell watered everywherethis was before the LORD destroyedSodom and Gomorrahlike the garden of the LORD, like the land ofEgypt as you go to Zoar.Here we have a comparison between the land of Canaan and thegarden of Eden 16. The land of Canaan is described as a land flowing with milk andhoney. And God is going to be with His people in a temple and bewith His people like He dwelled with them in the Garden of EdenThe Abrahamic promise means that Abrahams seed will inherit theland of CanaanThe Bible is Gods written instruction to us to show how Godfulfilled this promiseAnd God fulfills this promise in two stages First God does so in a provisional way when He brings Israelout of Egypt and redeems them and brings them into the land ofCanaan Second God fulfills this promise in its entirety in Christ whoredeems us and brings us into the new creation itselfHere we can see that the Bible can be divided into 3 main sections 17. Gods unfolding and progressive redemption of mankindGen 1-2 Gen 3 Gen 12ExodusMalachi MattRevLevel 2 FulfillmentThe Promise Level 1 Fulfillment Kingdom consummated Kingdom inaugurated400 years Kingdom Kingdom Kingdom Kingdom Pattern Promise Pre-figured Fulfilled Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 18. Section 1 - The book of Genesis - The PromiseSection 2 - Exodus - Malachi - The first level of fulfillmentSection 3 - The New Testament - the second level fulfillmentIt is primarily a story of these two fulfillmentsAnd the first fulfillment which is Section 2 is not the real fulfillmentbut rather it is a provisional fulfillment in type and shadowSo you could say that the first level of fulfillment becomes a furtherpromise and Israel became aware of that fact with the rebuilding ofthe temple after exile.Because it was not as glorious as the temple of Solomon and therewere cries of joy and sadness because the older people rememberhow glorious the first temple had been under Solomon 19. And we see that the people are looking for something to come thatwill be more gloriousThis is what the prophets proclaim when they tell the people thatGod is going to rebuild the temple, put you into a new land andgive them an obedient KingHow does the Mosaic Covenant fit into this first level ofprovisional fulfillment since we have this in Exodus?Turn to Exodus 2:23-25Moses and the burning bush and what God said to him in Turn toExodus 3:5-6Isnt this the same thing that God promised to Abraham in Genesis15:18-21?God is saying in Exodus 2 and 3 that the time has come for God tofulfill His promise and He is going to do it! 20. And you know the story, God sends Moses to Pharaoh and tells himto let His people goThen we see a series of judgments and the hardening of Pharaohsheart in and through these 10 di