Home Building Pre-construction
General PreparationsBuilding Lot 2400 sq. ft.ECRZoningPrevailing Price 4000/sq. ft.Utility status (electricity, water, sewage)Financial CalculationsContingencySquare footage costsSet up accounts with two different lumber companies. Also set up accounts with one of the following: concrete supplier, electrical supplier, plumbing and mechanical supplier
FinancingProperty and construction loansBanksCredit UnionsMortgage brokersPrivate financingSavings/IRACollateralAdvance from Customer
Why a Villa in ECR?Proximity to elementary, middle and high schools, religious institutions, shopping and business districts etc.Houses that are priced near the median range in ECR will sell easier and appreciate faster.Distance to railroads, land fills, toxic storage sites and fuel storage sites.Proper electrical power lines located/near the propertyNo easements which restrict the placement of the house on the property, or affect property rights.Good neighbourhood associationDistance from busy streets, highways, freeways, etc.Good soil conditions
House plansPlan booksHome designerArchitect- Mr. Lakshmi Nayagam. B.E.(Civil)SpecificationsEngineersStructural engineer-Mr. Lakshmi Nayagam. B.E.(Civil)
Geotechnical engineer (Soils engineer)
Master Bedroom 4mx4mDoors: D1: 1000mmx724mm D2: 860mmx450mm D3: 600mmx300mmWindows: 700mmx400mmVentilator: 300mmx200mmKennel House: 1mx1.5mCompound Wall: 300mm thickTotal Area: 16.5mx13m =220sq.m =2400 Sq. ft.
Building PermitA building permit is written authorization granted by the building department to build a structure.The permit allows the holder to build in accordance with the construction documents submitted to obtain the permit.Each jurisdiction has different documentation requirement for obtaining a permit. Check with your local building department before you begin your project.
APPROVALS FOR NEW HOUSE BUILDING FROM GOVERNMENT OFFICIALSPlanning Permission from Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA)Affidavit Land Documents.Building Permission from Chennai Municipal Corporation.Applying for Permanent Electricity Connection to Tamilnadu State Electricity Board.Application for permanent Water and Sewerage connection to Chennai Municipal Water supply and Sewerage Board(CMWSSB).No Objection Certificate from Tamilnadu Fire and Rescue Department Completion Certificate from Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority.
PLANNING PERMISSION FROM CMDAAs per Development Control Rules 2004, Fill form-A and Form-B
Contains Detail Plan, layouts, Specifications.Scrutinize the House Plan with Government Officials.
Get Green Signal to Build House !!!!!
Approx. cost : INR 4500
BUILDING PERMISSION FROM CMC, TNFurnish detail plan with licensed surveyor.
Attach Key map of location, Affidavit, Registered sale deed Documents.
Pay the Building Permit Fee as per building area, scrutiny fee and registration fee.
i.e. Build up area> 200 sq.mt., building fee will be INR 460 per 10sq mt.
Total fee : Approx. : INR 151,000
Electricity permission from TNSEBFill form-1 from section office Chennai.
Comply with house documents and necessary power requirement , pay fees get electricity connection.
Fee: INR 42000
Duration : Max. 45 days
Water and sewerage connection from CMWSSB
Fill water and sewerage connection form to Chennai Metropolitan water supply and sewerage Board.Pay connection charges to CMWSSB office with sanctioned plan .
Fee: INR 45000
Duration : Max 45 Days
Completion certificate from CMDAAfter completing all building activity, get completion certificate from CMDA.
Fee: INR 2500
Duration : Max 15 days
Finding Qualified SubcontractorsFind a sub contractor that has been recommended by a builder or a friend familiar with their work.Meet with the sub to get an impression of them and their workInspect at least two examples of their current work.Get a list of the last three jobs they have completed. Talk with the owner or builder of those jobs
Bid packageInvitation to Bid (includes a scope of work, anticipated construction schedule and bidding deadline)The plansSample contractThe specificationsHuman Resource Planning
ContractsOwner-contractor agreement, or owner-subcontractor agreement for owner-buildersSpecificationsDescription of materialsEngineering calculationsChange ordersAny addendum or supplementary conditions or clauses that are added to the above documents.
ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE OF CONSTRUCTION COMPANY
TOTAL EMPLOYEE LISTTYPE OF JOBNO.OF EMPLOYEESPERMANENT 10CONTRACT LABOURS29
PERMANENT EMPLOYEES SALARY DESIGNATION SALARY P/MRs.DESIGNATION SALARY P/M Rs.MANAGER40,000SURVEYOR20,000CIVIL ENGG30,000ARCHITECT30,000ASS.CIVIL.ENGG12,000CHIEF SUPERVISOR25,000FINANCE CONTROLLER35,000ASST F.C12,000TOTAL:2,46,000PURCHASE OFFICER30,000ASST P.O12,000
DESIGNATIONNO.OF EMPLOYEESALARY / DAY RsSUPERVISOR (BUILDING)1400LABOUR(BUILDING)10300 (3000) (SUPERVISOR (ELECTRICAL)1400LABOUR (ELECTRICAL)5300 (1500)SUPERVISOR(PLUMBING)1400LABOUR (PLUMBING)5300 (1500)SUPERVISOR (PAINTING)1400LABOUR (PAINTING)5300 (1500)TOTAL19500
CONTRACT EMPLOYEES SALARY Note: If any employee works over time add extra 30Rs /hour
SAFETY EQUIPMENTSEye and Face ProtectionSafety glasses or face shields are worn anytime work operations can cause foreign objects getting into the eye such as during welding, cutting, grinding, nailing (or when working with concrete and/or harmful chemicals or when exposed to flying particles).Eye and face protectors are selected based on anticipated hazards.Safety glasses or face shields are worn when exposed to any electrical hazards including work on energized electrical systems.
Foot ProtectionConstruction workers should wear work shoes or boots with slip-resistant and puncture-resistant soles.Safety-toed footwear is worn to prevent crushed toes when working around heavy equipment or falling objects.Hand ProtectionGloves should fit snugly.Workers wear the right gloves for the job (for example, heavy-duty rubber gloves for concrete work, welding gloves for welding, insulated gloves and sleeves when exposed to electrical hazards).
Head ProtectionWorkers shall wear hard hats where there is a potential for objects falling from above, bumps to their heads from fixed objects, or of accidental head contact with electrical hazards.Hard hats are routinely inspected for dents, cracks or deterioration.Hard hats are replaced after a heavy blow or electrical shock.Hard hats are maintained in good condition.
Home Building Phase 1
Temporary ServicesTemporary electricityTemporary toiletsTemporary WaterTrash disposalTemporary accommodationsSurveyingLaying it out yourself.Marking the perimeterSetback variance
ExcavationMarking UtilitiesFoundation DepthContractReviewSafety and LiabilitySavings
Footings & FoundationCosting and EstimateInspectionSafety and Security
Foundation OptionsStem Wall Slab
Sub rough Plumbing and HVACBasement foundation/slab on grade.Radiant floor HeatingDamp proofing, Waterproofing and Window WellsDamp proofing and waterproofingVapour barriers
Water & Sewer LateralsModern Sewer lateral is pipe is made from plastic pipe, either ABS or PVC. Traditionally sewer lateral was made from clay, cast iron, concrete, or tar fiber pipe
Foundation Drain, Backfill & Rough GradingFoundation drainBackfill around the foundation and garageFill the basement interiorRough grade
Pouring the slabBefore the concrete truck arrives the level of the slab is marked on the side of the foundation walls with a chalk line. Screed boards are placed in the middle of the floor at the same height to ensure that the slab is level. The concrete is then poured, leveled and finished.
Care must be taken not to drive the concrete truck too close to the foundation and especially not on top of the backfill that was recently placed against the foundation walls. Many foundations have been cracked, bowed or have collapsed due to the pressure of concrete trucks, bull dozers, and excavators.
If hiring a contractor for flatwork, check previous work for flatness and smoothness.
Home Building Phase 2
FramingFraming is one of the most exciting phases of the construction process. During the framing phase you will watch the house take shape. Most people get very excited when the framing is done, thinking that the house is almost built. In reality, the house is only about one-third complete.The framing must be accurateIf the framing is poor quality, the drywall won't be flat, the floors will squeak, and doors will not close correctly.The job of the general contractor is to make sure the framers follow the plans and the building code.The RoofThe roof is formed with pre-manufactured trusses or stick-built on-site.The city inspector will usually request the truss engineering calculation during the framing inspectionThe time it takes to frame your house will depend on the size, complexity, and weather conditionsCity Framing Inspection
The city will require a framing inspection. The inspector will check that the building codes are followed
Windows and exterior doo