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Peer gynt by Herzul

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  • 1. THE EXTRINSIC ELEMENT ANALYSISPRESENTED BY:11.Putri Nurul Hidayati 2.Herzul Arifin 01/11/14

2. The playwrights life experiences are poured in the play The struggle of Peer Gynt to fight his bad attitude becomes good attitude and The loyalty of a women to wait a man in her life.01/11/142 3. The Peer Gynt is a five-act play by the Norwegiandramatist, Henrik Ibsen. He wrote this play in 1867. It was written in the Bokml dialect of Norwegian and isone of the most widely performed Norwegian plays. Ibsen believed Peer Gynt that the several of thecharacters are modelled from Ibsen's own family, notably his parents Knud Ibsen and Marichen Altenburg. He was also generally inspired by Peter Christen Asbjrnsen's collection of Norwegian fairy tales, published in 1845.01/11/143 4. THE SYNOPSIS Peer Gynt is the son of the once rich and highly regarded Jon Gynt, who had become a drunkard and lost all his money, leaving Peer and his mother se to live in poverty. Peer wants to restore what his father had wrecked, but gets lost in boasting and day-dreams. He is involved in a fight and carries off the bride, Ingrid of Hgstad, on her wedding-day. He is outlaned and has to flee from the parish. During his flight he meets three amorous dairy-maids, the woman clad in green, the daughter of the old man of the Dovre Mountains, whom he wants to marry, and Bygen (the great obstacle). 01/11/144 5. Solveig, whom Peer met at the Hgstad wedding, and fell in love with, comes to his cabin in the forest to live with him, but he leaves her and goes on his travels. He is away for many years, takes part in various occupations and plays various roles including that of a businessman engaged in shady enterprises on the coast of Morocco, wanders through the desert, passes the Memnon and the Sphinx, becomes a Bedouin chief and a prophet, tries to seduce Anitra, daughter of a Bedouin, and ends up as a guest in the madhouse in Cairo, where he is hailed as emperor. When at laston hisway home as an old man, he is ship wrecked. Among those on board he has met the Strange Passenger, who wants to make use of his corpse to find out where dream shave their seat. 01/11/145 6. Back home in the parish, he attends a peasant funeral and an auction where he offers for sale everything from his earlier life. He also meets the Button-moulder, who maintains that Peer's soul must be melted down with other faulty goods unless he can explain when and where in life he has been "himself", and the Lean one, who believes he cannot be accounted a real sinner who can be sent to hell. Peer, in ever greater despair, reaches Solveig, who has been waiting for him in the cabin ever since he left. She tells him that he has always been himself in her belief, hope and love. 01/11/146 7. 01/11/147 8. Henrik Johan Ibsen was born on 20 March 1828. He was a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of modern theater" and is one of the founders of Modernism in theatre. Some of his most famous plays include Peer Gynt, A Doll's House, and Hedda Gabler. He is the most frequently performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare. Ibsen wrote his plays in Danish (the common written language of Denmarkand Norway) and they were published by the Danish publisher Gyldendal. Although most of his plays are set in Norwayoften in places reminiscent of Skien, the port town where he grew upIbsen lived for 27 years in Italy and Germany, and rarely visited Norway during his most productive years. His dramas were shaped by his family background.01/11/148 9. As a child, Henrik Ibsen showed little sign of the theatrical genius hewould become. He grew up in the small Norwegian coastal town of Skien as the oldest of five children born to Knud and Marichen Ibsen. His father was a successful merchant and his mother painted, played the piano and loved to go to the theater. Ibsen himself expressed an interest in becoming an artist as well. The family was through into poverty when Ibsen was 8 because ofproblems with his father's business. Nearly all traces of their previous affluence had to be sold off to cover debts, and the family moved to a rundown farm near town. There Ibsen spent much of his time reading, painting and performing magic tricks.01/11/149 10. Ibsen's ancestry has been a much studied subject, due to his perceivedforeignness and due to the influence of his biography and family on his plays. Ibsen often made references to his family in his plays, sometimes by name, or by modelling characters after them. At fifteen, Ibsen was forced to leave school. He moved to the small townof Grimstad to become an apprentice pharmacist and began writing plays. In 1846, when Ibsen was age 18, he had a son from an earlier relationship. He had fathered an illegitimate child whose upbringing Ibsen had to pay for until the boy was in his teens with a maid in 1846 while working as an apprentice. While he provided some financial support, Ibsen never met the boy.01/11/1410 11. Ibsen went to Christiania (later renamed Oslo) intending to matriculate atthe university. He soon rejected the idea (his earlier attempts at entering university were blocked as he did not pass all his entrance exams), preferring to commit himself to writing. He spent the next several years employed at Det norske Theater (Bergen), where he was involved in the production of more than 145 plays as a writer, director, and producer. During this period, he published five new, though largely unremarkable, plays. Ibsen returned to Christiania in 1858 to become the creative director of the Christiania Theatre. He married Suzannah Thoresen on 18 June 1858 and she gave birth totheir only child Sigurd on 23 December 1859. The couple lived in very poor financial circumstances. In 1864, he left Christiania and went to Sorrento in Italy for a time. There he wrote Brand, a five-act tragedy about a clergyman. He didn't return to his native land for the next 27 years, and when he returned it was as a noted, but controversial, playwright. 01/11/1411 12. In 1868, Ibsen moved to Dresden, Germany where he wrote one of hismost famous works. With Hedda Gabler. Ibsen created one of the theater's most notorious characters. Hedda, a general's daughter, is a newlywed who has come to loathe her scholarly husband, but yet she destroys a former love who stands in her husband's way academically. The character has sometimes been called the female Hamlet, after Shakespeare's famous tragic figure. In 1891, Ibsen returned to Norway as a literary hero. He may have left asa frustrated artist, but he came back as internationally known playwright. For much of his life, Ibsen had lived an almost reclusive existence. But he seemed to thrive in the spotlight in his later years, becoming a tourist attraction of sorts in Christiania. He also enjoyed the events held in his honor in 1898 to mark his seventieth birthday. Ibsen moved to Munich in 1875 and began work on his first contemporary realist drama The Pillars of Society, first published and performed in 01/11/14 1877.12 13. Another scathing commentary on the morality of Ibsen's society, inwhich a widow reveals to her pastor that she had hidden the evils of her marriage for its duration. The pastor had advised her to marry her fianc despite his philandering, and she did so in the belief that her love would reform him. But his philandering continued right up until his death, and his vices are passed on to their son in the form of syphilis. In 1900, Ibsen had a series of strokes that left him unable to write. Hemanaged to live for several more years, but he was not fully present during much of this time. Ibsen died on May 23, 1906. His last words were "To the contrary!" in Norwegian. Considered a literary titan at the time of his passing, he received a state funeral from the Norwegian government. 01/11/1413 14. 01/11/1414 15. The portrayal of the Gynt family is known to be based on Henrik Ibsen'sown family and childhood memories; in a letter to Georg Brandes, Ibsen wrote that his own family and childhood had served "as some kind of model" for the Gynt family. In a letter to Peter Hansen, Ibsen confirmed that the character se, PeerGynt's mother, was based on his own mother, Marichen Altenburg. The character Jon Gynt is considered to be based on Ibsen's father Knud Ibsen, who was a rich merchant before he went bankrupt. Even the name of the Gynt family's ancestor, the prosperous Rasmus Gynt,is borrowed from the Ibsen's family's earliest known ancestor. Thus, the character Peer Gynt could be interpreted as being an ironic representation of Henrik Ibsen himself. There are striking similarities to Ibsen's own life; Ibsen himself spent 27 years living abroad and was never able to face his hometown again. 01/11/1415 16. Peer Gynt Drama has the same story with Henrik Ibsen as thewriter. Peer Gynt is Norwegian, Henrik is Norwegian also. The aspects of Peer Gynts life that Henrik tells are like Henriks life. This drama describes Henrik Ibsens life in reality. Peer Gynt as themain character is the character from the writer himself. Based on the drama above, Peer Gynt is a son of rich family that suddenly failed. It also happened by Henrik Ibsen.01/11/1416 17. Beside that, peer Gnyt married Solveig. After that, he go to someplaces, such as United State, Maroko, Egypt, etc to change his life to be better. Henrik Ibsen has the same experience as Peer Gynt in his life. he married Susanna Daae Thoresen and leave her alone. For many years, Solveig waits Peer Gynts coming. After PeerGynt gets what he wants and to be a success man, he comes back to his home. It represents what Henrik Ibsen does. 01/11/1417 18. 01/11/1418

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