Vivek Vichar February 2016

  • View
    216

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Vivek Vichar February 2016

  • 7/24/2019 Vivek Vichar February 2016

    1/52

  • 7/24/2019 Vivek Vichar February 2016

    2/52

  • 7/24/2019 Vivek Vichar February 2016

    3/52

    {ddoH {dMma & \o ~wdmar 2016 & 3

    Ow{bAg Amonoho_aAUw ~m~MoOZH ,1904 Vo1967OJmVrb EH _hmZ ^m{VH

    emk

    nmMm` g`VoZobmdbo`m ~hVoHemoYmMo JyT> dUZ Amhmbm ^JdXJrVoV AmT>iyZ `oVo.

    hoIynM AmM`OZH Amho.^JdXJrVm hm ^maVmMm _hmZ JW Amho.

    {ddoH {dMma

    dm_r {ddoH mZXmMo {dMma : gddVw_mmMo R>m`r EH M Ba pWV Amho. Am{U hmM ZrVremmMm nm`m Amho.Xg`mg X:I XoD ZH m. gdmda Am_dV o_ H am.

  • 7/24/2019 Vivek Vichar February 2016

    4/52

    4 & {ddoH {dMma & \o~wdmar 2016

    _m

    {ddoH mZX H| mMogmH {VH _m{gH

    {ddoH {dMmadf31 do - AH 2 am - n>o52

    nmf - _mK / `wJmX 51164 \o ~wdmar 2016

    RNI NO. 46869 / 85,"{ddoH {dMma' ho _m{gH_mbH , "{ddoH mZX H| _amR>r H meZ {d^mJ'`mMogmR>r _wH d H meH YZO` gy der `mZr{{gOZ qQ>g, X{ZH VU ^maV, 19/20,Ammo{JH dgmhV, hmoQ>Jr amoS>, gmobmnya oWoN>mnyZ, {ddoH mZX H| , 165, aodo bmBg,

    gmobmnya oWyZ {g Hobo.gnmXH - {gmam_ anm nmQ>rb

    n`dhmamMm nmm

    {ddoH {dMmamam - {ddoH mZX H|,

    165, aodo bmBg, gmobmnya-413 001.Xy0217 - 2315949 (gm 7 Vo 8.30)

    email : vivekvichar@vkendra.org

    Ad` oQ> mvivekvichar.vkendra.org

    _y` - 15 n`o

    gnmXH{gmam_ ^. nmQ>rb

    _w` gnmXHlr. nr. na_odaZ

    AZoH mV EH d hrM {dmMr aMZm Amho.

    boImZwH _

    ... `mMr dJUr gnV AmhoAmn`mbm oUm`m "{ddoH {dMma'`m nm{H Q>mdarbn`m`m n{h`m AmoirMm eodQ> "201603' Agm Agob

    Va Vw_Mr dJUr _mM 2016 _ o gnV Amho. H n`mnwT>rb dfmMr dJUr ^am. `mdoir Amnbm dJUrXma H _mH(nm{H Q>mdarb n`mMr n{hbr Amoi) Ad` H idm.

    2021 nydu Amgm_,

    n. ~Jmb`m_w`_{nXr XmoZ~mmbmXoer ?

    5

    _mmV ZoH _oH m` Pmbo?

    6

    godmaV `{ `{am> H m hr mU h 11

    _wS>H mon{ZfX dmmV AUmMb ^oQ>rMm21 24

    EH PmS>,XmoZ (dV) njr

    bmoH mgmR>r OJU

    28

    36

    ~mb{dhma32

    Vm{O{H VmZmV XmT>r AZ~wa`mda Ambr ~Xr

    44

    OmUrdnydH XS>nbo hmoVoA`mo`oVrb g`

    46

  • 7/24/2019 Vivek Vichar February 2016

    5/52

    {ddoH {dMma & \o ~wdmar 2016 & 5

    ~mmbmXoer KwgImoar ^maVm`m gwajog gdmV _moR>m YmoH m ho{~Jo{S>`a ho_V _hmOZ `mMo, maVr` {dMma gmYZm, nwUo,`mZr H m{eV Ho bobo, ~mJbmXoer KwgImoarMm B{Vhmg, AmOMo dn,CmMr AmhmZo gmJUmaogw~mo Y Am{U agmi nwVH Amho. {~Jo{S>`aho_V _hmOZ `mZm gajU Xbm_Yrb 37 dfm`m godoMr nm y_r

    Amho. VgoM {d{dY X{ZH Am{U _m{gH mgmR>r `mZr 1000 hZ OmVboIhr {b{hbobo AmhoV. {df`kmZ Va `mZm AmhoM nU ZoQ>`meXm_`oVo H g _mS>mdo, `mMr OmUrd gwm `m nwVH mV {XgyZ `oVo.dV: `wVk Ag`m_wionwVH mMr ^mfm AmoKdVr Amho . _ZmMrnH S> KoUmaodUZ Ag`m_wio nwVH amoMH PmboAmho. nwVH mMraMZm gwgJVdma Amho.

    1944 gmbMo ^maVmMo JhZa OZab bmS> dohobZr Amn`m"hmBgamBO OaZb' `m nwVH m_`o {b{hbo hmoVo H s "Amgm_Mo_w`_r _moh_X gXmCm ImZ ho _moR>m _mUmV ~JmbtMr KwgImoarAmgm__`oH a`mMm Am{U nm{H VmZMm mJ ~Zd`mMm `Z H aVhmoVo'. dm`` maVmV _wpb_ ~hg` am` Agmdohr H nZm _wpb_brJMo A`j _h_X B~mb mZr 1930 _`o_mS>br. OmZodmar1940 nmgyZ {OZm mZr qhX Am{U _wgb_mZmZm XmoZ am>o hUyZMAmoiI`mg gw dmV Ho br. nm{H VmZMo nVYmZ Pw\ sH ma Abr

    nwVH n[aM`

    2021 nydu Amgm_,n. ~Jmb`m _w`_{nXr

    XmoZ ~mmbmXoer ?

    _w` boI

    EH H m`H Vm_w~B

    OJmbm W_ hoH iy Xo "{dZme H ZH m.'{dXdgmda C^mabo`m H moU`mhr gwYmaUoZoAmOda OJmMo H mhrhr ^bo Pmbo Zmhr.

    {ddoH {dMma & \o ~wdmar 2016 & 5

  • 7/24/2019 Vivek Vichar February 2016

    6/52

    6 & {ddoH {dMma & \o~wdmar 2016

    ^wmmo "{_W Am\ B{S>noSg' `m nwVH mV hUVmV,"Amgm_ (BWo Amgm_ hUOo Bem` ^maV Am{Un{_ ~Jmb) hm nm{H VmZMm ^mJ hm`bm nm{hOo.'

    eoI _w{O~wa aoh_mZ hUmbo hmoVo H s, nydnm{H VmZMr dmT>Vr bmoH g`m Am{U Amgm_MrOJb d I{ZO gnmr nmhVm, Amgm_Mm AV^md nydnm{H VmZmV H aUo hoAmn`mbm d`nyU ~Zd`m`m>rZo A`V Amd`H Amho. 1945 _`o Va "H{~ZoQ>{_eZ bZ' V`ma H Z, Amgm_bm nyd ~JmberH m`_Mo OmoSy>Z _wpb_ ~hg` H a`mMr `moOZmPmbr. gwXdmZoAmgm__Yrb ZoVo JmonrZmW ~maXmobmoB

    `mZr Vr `moOZm `edr hmoD {Xbr Zmhr._hm_m JmYtZrhr m A_`m{XVWbmVaUm~m~V`m g_`o{df`r qMVm ` HobobrhmoVr. _m Vmo bm|T>m amoI`mH aVm `mZr H mhrnmdbo CMbbr ZmhrV. nm{H VmZMo OZH {OZmmMo ImOJr g{Md _Zyb hH MmYar \ miUrZVa^maVmVM am{hbod `mZr H mJog njmV doe Ho bm.MmYar {OZmZm hUmbo H s, Xhm df} Wm~m, _rVwhmbm Amgm_ MmXr`m V~H mV AmUyZ ^oQ> XoBZ.

    {OZm`m g`md Z, nm{H VmZmVyZ Amgm_mVWm{`H hmo`mgmR>r `oUm`m ~oH m`Xm KwgImoamZm _XVH a`mgmR>rM MmYar Amgm_mV am{hbo.

    Zmoh|~a 1941 _`o dmV`dra {d. Xm.gmdaH amZr Amgm_Mm Xmam Ho bm. Vohm Amgm__`onydnm{H VmZt`m \ ma _moR>m KwgImoarH So> `mZrZoh Mo bj doYbo. _hm_m JmYr, Zoh nmgyZ gdmZrdmV`dramH So> Xbj Ho bo. {OZm, Pwp\ H ma Abr

    ^wmmo, eoI _w{O~ya ah_mZ, Am{U AZoH m`m _VmVEH g_mZ YmJm Amho. ~mJbmXoemer Amnbo{H Vrhr_rnyU g~Y AgyXoV, `m XoemnmgyZ g dV AgbobobmoH g`m_H AmH _U hmoVM amhrb.

    1950 gmbr ggXo_`o KwgImoarMm {df` {dMmamWKo`mV Ambm. H maU mMr J raVm Jh_r gaXma

    _mmV ZoH _o H m` Pmbo?Vgm nanaoZo _mXm hm _wpb_~hb {Ohm

    ZhVm. `mMr MrVr 1951 `m n{h`m gmd{H{ZdS>UwH mnmgyZ `oVo. 1951 _`o qhXMr g`m

    gw_mao 63 Q> o hmoVr, Va _wpb_ 37 Q> o hmoVo.1971 n`V ho _mU g_g_mZ Pmbo. H maU~mJbmXoemVyZ KwgImoarMm AmoK dmT>VM Jobm.2011 `m OZJUZoZwgma qhXMo _mU 47.99Q> o, Va _wpb_mMo 51.27 Q> o Ago am{hbo._mXmMo amOH s` {V{Z{Yd ho _wpb_mH So>M AgVo.

    EH m Wm{ZH Zo`mZoo{fV _h_Xm~b AZw{MVCXJma {S>g|~a _{h`mV H mT>bo hmoVo. ho {Z{_mH Z "AOw_Z Ahbo gwV D b O_mV' `m gKQ>ZoZn{_ ~Jmb`m _mXm {OmVrb H m{b`mMmH`m {R>H mUr _moR>r {ZXeZo H a`mMm KmQ> KmVbm. ho{R>H mU ~ZmdQ> ZmoQ>m ~Zd`mM qH dm ~mJbmXoemVyZVoWo KoD Z `o`mMo qhXWmZmVrb gdmV _moR> H| _mZb OmV. ~oH m`Xoera H `mV JwVbo`m gK{Q>V

    JwhoJmar Q>mo`mMo gm_m` `m ^mJmV Amho.gr_onbrH Sy>Z ~mJbmXoemVyZ ~oH m`Xm KwgImoar,gr_m gwajm Xb Wm~dy eH bo Zmhr. VH ar hmoVAgVoM. `m_wi gr_m gwajm XbmMr H madmB hr`m gK{Q>V Q>mo`mda gVVMr Q>mJVr Vbdma AgVo.H m{b`mMmH `oWo EH _{hZm AmYr Pmbo`m

    _w` boI

    {Za{Zamio Y_nW, {Za{Zam`m H maMr _Vo_mS>V Agbo Var, {Za{Zam`m CnmgZm nVr MmoImiV AgboVar,AVV: ho na_oam Vw`mVM oD Z nmohmoMVmV.

    6 & {ddoH {dMma & \o~wdmar 2016

  • 7/24/2019 Vivek Vichar February 2016

    7/52

    {ddoH {dMma & \o ~wdmar 2016 & 7

    d^^mB nQ>ob `mZm OmUdbr hmoVr. {eV~bmoH emhr, am>m`m C^maUrMr j_Vm AgUmao dXa>r AgUm`m d^^mBZr H Vr H Z B{_JoeZ

    AQ>(EnbeZ \ m_ Amgm_) _Oya H Z KoVbm.nU bJoMM {S>g|~a 1950 _`o `m`m {ZYZmZVa hmH m`Xm EH _V XVmdoO ~ZyZ am{hbm.

    lr. \ H rZ Abr Ah_X `m`m ZoVdmImbrAm_Xmam`m EH m JQ>mZo Agm Mma gw Ho bm H sKwgImoa ~mhoa H mT>`mg H mJog nj Amgm__`oM dgnyU^maVmV _wbr_ _VmnmgyZ d{MV hmoBb. Am{UeodQ>r _VnoQ>r`m amOH maUmMm {dO` Pmbm. {h|eZ

    Am\ BZ{\ bQ>oeZ `moOZm' gmoSy>Z Xo`mV Ambr. lr\ H rZ Abr Ah_X `m`m ZoVdmImbr KwgImoarg_WH mMm {dO` Pmbm.

    H mJogMo A`j XodH mV ~mAmZr Ago Kmo{fVHobo hmoVo H s, `mMm nj Amgm_mV, AbrO AS>HwbrO' m`m _XVrZo, Zoh_rM {ZdS>UwH m qOH Vamhrb. mnH s AbrO hUOo ~mJbmXoer KwgImoaAm{U Hw brO hUOoMhm`m ~mJmVrb _Oya. Zoh -JmYr Kam`mVrb gX` ~r. Ho. Zoh 1960 ZVa

    Amgm_mV am`nmb hmoVo. ZmBg JmBO {\ {Ze goH S>'m `m`m Am_M[amV Vo{b{hVmV H s, {XrVrbVrZ amOH s` Zo`mZr Amgm_mVrb H mJog`m YmoaUmg{Xem {Xbr. Vo hmoVo XodH mV ~mAm, {OZmMo _mOrg{Md d H| r` _r _Zyb hH MmYar, Am{U AmUIrH|r` _r d am>nVr \ Hw rZ Abr Ah_X. B{XamJmYt`m gaH ma_`o H|r` _r Pmbobo _Zyb hHMmYar Am{U _mOr am>nVr \ Hw rZ Abr Ah_X,

    ho AZ{YH V ~mJbmXoer WbmV[aVm`m Wm{`Hhmo`mg H maUr^yV Ag`mMo gdlwVM hmoVo.n{_ ~JmbMo _w`_r ~wXod ^>mMm` mZr

    m g_`oH So> Jm r`mZonm{hbo, ZVa An[ahm` AmhohUyZ `m n[apWVrMm drH ma Hobm. ^mOnMoEb.Ho. AS>dmUr ho H| r` Jh_r AgVmZm, hm mg

    KQ>Zo~b {ZXeZo H a`mMm KmQ> Kmb`m_mJoJwhoJmar Q>mo`m d Vr gKQ>Zm `m`mV gJZ_VPmb hmoVo ho CKS> Amho. n{_ ~Jmb_Yrb

    _mXm {OmVrb H m{b`mMmH `oWo gmXm{`HqhgmMmamMm Omo CoH Pmbm Vmo C\y V ZhVm.hOmamo `wdH "Bbm_ IVao _|'`m ZmdmImbr

    O_m Ho boJobo. _mXm `oWo AS>rM bmI ~mJbmXoer_wpb_ a`mda CVabo. VoWrb nmobrg R>m`mda`mZr hm MT>dbm. {_XZmnya `oWo dmVmdaU VJH a`mV Ambo. {~hma_`ony{U m `o Wo AgoM bmI^aa`mda CVabo. VoWonmobrg R>m`mda hm MT>d`mVAmbm. nmobrg R>m`mVrb Q>rhr, gJUH , \ {ZMa,

    bmBQ>Mo ~moS> `mMr VmoS>\ moS> H a`mV Ambr. AmJbmd`mV Ambr. VoWo Agbobo nmobrg niyZ JobohUyZ ~Mmdbo. ~rEgE\ , nmobrg AmXt`m JmS>mZmAmJr bmd`mV Am`m. EH m nmobrg R>m`mbm AmJbmdbr Jobr. EH m VhgrbXma H m`mb`mbmhr AmJbmdyZ VoImH H a`mV Amb. _moR>r Ominmoi Pmbr.H moQ>dYtMr _mb_mm ~o{MamI H a`mV Ambr.eoH S>mo OU OI_r Pmbo . hoH m` ~S> Amho H m?nmo{bgmda `mMm BVH m amJ H emH [aVm? H s `mXoemVrb H m`Xm Am{U gw`dWm {~KS>dyZ Q>mH `mMmBamXm Amho? hm gJim qhgmMma `m XoemVrb gJiobmoH BV`m ghOnUo H gbrhr {V{H m, {ZfoY` Z H aVm H m ghZ H aV AmhoV? H m`m`mqMYS>m CS>{dUm`m `m KQ>Zmda n{m_ ~Jmb`m_w`_r __Vm ~ZOu, {~hma`m _w`_`mZr MH maeX H mT>bm Zmhr. mMo Vm|S> H emZo Jn Pmbo Amho?

    n{_ ~Jmb_`o AmJm_r H mimV {dYmZg^m

    {ZdS>UwH m AmhoV. `m_wio{VW`m gm_m` OZVobmdoR>rg YaV AemVVm _mO{d`mMo H maWmZ IoiboOmV Amho. _mXm `oWo Pmbo`m XJbrV ~mJbmKwgImoamMm, _Jba bmoH mMm hmV hmoVm. H m`m`mam`mda, emgZmda gai gai ~oXaH manUo ho hmoVAmhoV. gw`dWo`m qMYS>m CS>{d`m OmV AmhoV.

    _w` boI

    Vw_`m R>m`r gd e s AmhoV. Vwhmbm H moUVrhr Jmo> Ae` Zmhr. Vwhr gdH mhrhr H eH Vm.

    {ddoH {dMma & \o ~wdmar 2016 & 7

  • 7/24/2019 Vivek Vichar February 2016

    8/52

    8 & {ddoH {dMma & \o~wdmar 2016

    H _r H a`mgmR>r H mhr nmdbo CMbbr hmoVr. nUH|mV 2004 gmbr `y.nr.E. gaH ma `oVmM `m`mH m`dmhrV e{W` Ambo.

    ^maVm`m nyd ^mJmVrb _wI boQ>ZQ> OZabO_rb _h_yX mZr 1990 ZVa`m H