United Kingdom Ann Novelli and Ellen Piehl. Composition Four nations England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland

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    03-Jan-2016

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<ul><li><p>United KingdomAnn Novelli and Ellen Piehl</p></li><li><p>CompositionFour nationsEnglandScotlandWalesNorthern IrelandEnglandScotlandWalesNorthernIreland</p></li><li><p>Quick FactsCapital LondonPopulation - 60,943,912Area - 94,060 miles2Population density - 650 people per miles2</p></li><li><p>GovernmentParliamentary systemConstitutional monarchyTwo houses of parliamentUpper House of LordsLower House of CommonsCoalition governmentConservativesLiberal Democrats</p></li><li><p>UK Edition</p></li><li><p>UK TermsRational-legal authority a system of well-established laws and procedures Collectivist consensus cross-party support for the welfare stateThatcherism - a conservative, capitalist backlash to collectivist politicsThird Way - attempts to transcend right-wing and left-wing politics through compromise </p></li><li><p>NationA group of people who feel a sense of common identity through common bonds of ethnicity, history, language, and religionWalesScotlandEnglandNorthern IrelandWelsh Recordinghttp://www.archive.org/details/rosettaproject_cym_vertext-1</p></li><li><p>StateA political entity having sovereignty within geographic borders and in relation to other sovereign entitiesTerritory and a populationGovernmentRecognition of its sovereignty by othersUnited Kingdom</p></li><li><p>LegitimacyTraditionMonarchy and early limitationsRule of lawConstitution of the CrownNationalismCivic nationalism</p></li><li><p>Tuition Fees HistoryHigher education free until 1990s1997 Dearing ReportTeaching and Higher Education Act of 1998Instituted 1000 maximum fee per yearMaximum fees around 3000 per year during Blairs government</p></li><li><p>Current Fees IncreasesBased on October 2010 Browne ReportGovernment has imposed a 9,000 per year capStudents pay back fees after graduationPayments based on students incomesUnder 25,000, students pay nothing25% will pay less than the current fees60% will never pay the full fees</p></li><li><p>Pro IncreasesGovernment suffers from a lack of funds and a huge deficitUnfair to cut spending in other sectors and ignore educationUniversities need moneyNo immediate financial burden on studentsPayments based on incomes after graduationThose who can afford to pay moreVideoNick Clegg on Tuition Increases</p></li><li><p>Against IncreasesUK students view free or cheap education as a rightNo tradition of tuition fees being a family cost Students usually pay for their own educationIncreases amount to a tax on university students</p></li><li><p>MulticulturalismFebruary 5, 2011 David Cameron stated that multiculturalism has failed in the UKMulticulturalism encouraged different cultures to live separate lives, apart from each other and apart from the mainstreamWeakening of the collective identityCites the need for a shared national identity</p></li><li><p>David Camerons SpeechCameron explains that a liberal country believes in certain values and actively promotes themImmigrants should speak the language of their new homePeople should be educated in the elements of common cultureNational Citizen ServiceVideoIslam Response</p></li><li><p>Current Events Tuition feeshttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-12409419http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-birmingham-12288343http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/9313557.stmhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-11990316http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-12435602</p></li><li><p>Current Event - Multiculturalismhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-12374039http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-12371994http://www.number10.gov.uk/news/speeches-and-transcripts/2011/02/pms-speech-at-munich-security-conference-60293</p></li><li><p>Multiculturalismhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-12381027http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-12372632Opposing Camerons speech</p><p>Parliamentary system principle of parliamentary sovereignty governs the decision-making process, the legislature makes the laws, controls finances, appoints and dismisses the prime minister, and debates public issues</p><p>Plurality electoral system person who gets the most votes in a district gets the seat. No majority needed.</p><p>Prime Minister and cabinet are still MPs and consequently exert great influence over the bills that are passed and strong party loyalty exists in parliament*Wales once its own kingdom, the Tudor are from Wales, speak Welsh, have their own ParliamentScotland once its own kingdom, some people speak Gaelic, have their own Parliament and their own bankNorthern Ireland once part of Ireland, once had its own devolved government and parliamentEngland once its own kingdom with rich history separate from the history of the other nations*Legitimacy the right to ruleNationalism the sense of belonging and identity that distinguishes one nation from another*Government pays for the cost of running universities</p><p>National Citizen Service a two-month program for 16 year olds from different backgrounds to live and work togetherDenmark example:Essentially cut off immigration. Primarily to keep out Arabs and Northern African people. Argument is that they form insulated communities, do not learn the language, and completely reject Danish culture</p></li></ul>

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