The role of Spatial Data Infrastructures in the Digital ... Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) play

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  • The role of Spatial Data Infrastructures in the Digital Government Transformation of Public Administrations

    Martina Barbero

    Monica Lopez Potes

    Glenn Vancauwenberghe

    Danny Vandenbroucke

    2019

  • This publication is a report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s science and knowledge service. It aims to

    provide evidence-based scientific support to the European policymaking process. The scientific output expressed does not imply a policy position of the European Commission. Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use that might be made of this publication.

    Contact information Francesco Pignatelli

    European Commission, Joint Research Centre, TP 262, Via Fermi, 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy francesco.pignatelli@ec.europa.eu

    EU Science Hub https://ec.europa.eu/jrc

    JRC117724

    PDF ISBN 978-92-76-09679-5 doi:10.2760/324167

    Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2019

    © European Union 2019 The reuse policy of the European Commission is implemented by Commission Decision 2011/833/EU of 12 December 2011 on the reuse

    of Commission documents (OJ L 330, 14.12.2011, p. 39). Reuse is authorised, provided the source of the document is acknowledged and its original meaning or message is not distorted. The European Commission shall not be liable for any consequence stemming from the reuse. For any use or reproduction of photos or other material that is not owned by the EU, permission must be sought directly from the

    copyright holders. All content © European Union, 2019, except otherwise specified

    How to cite this report: Barbero, M.,, Lopez Potes M., Vancauwenberghe G., Vandenbroucke D., Nunes de Lima V. (Ed.), The role of Spatial Data Infrastructures in the Digital Government Transformation of Public Administrations, Publications Office of the European Union,

    Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-76-09679-5, doi:10.2760/324167, JRC117724.

    mailto:francesco.pignatelli@ec.europa.eu https://ec.europa.eu/jrc

  • i

    Contents

    Disclaimer ............................................................................................................... 3

    Abstract ................................................................................................................. 5

    Executive Summary .................................................................................................... 6

    1 Introduction ....................................................................................................... 10

    1.1 Purpose and context of the study ......................................................................... 10

    1.1.1 Purpose of this document .......................................................................... 10

    1.1.2 Context: the link between Spatial Data Infrastructure and Digital Government Transformation 10

    1.2 Methodology for data collection and analysis ............................................................ 15

    1.2.1 Development of the analytical framework ........................................................ 15

    1.2.2 Data collection activities ........................................................................... 18

    1.3 Structure of the document ................................................................................. 19

    2 Analysis of the institutional setting ............................................................................. 21

    2.1 Governance .................................................................................................. 21

    2.1.1 Analysis of the 29 countries in scope ............................................................. 23

    2.1.2 In-depth analysis of Spain, Poland, the Netherlands and Belgium .............................. 27

    2.2 Strategy ..................................................................................................... 32

    2.2.1 Analysis of the 29 countries in scope ............................................................. 33

    2.2.2 In-depth analysis of Spain, Poland, the Netherlands and Belgium .............................. 38

    2.3 Legal Framework ........................................................................................... 44

    2.3.1 Analysis of the 29 countries in scope ............................................................. 45

    2.3.2 In-depth analysis of Spain, Poland, the Netherlands and Belgium .............................. 47

    3 Analysis of technical infrastructure ............................................................................. 53

    3.1 Extended infrastructure .................................................................................... 53

    3.1.1 Analysis of the 29 countries in scope ............................................................. 54

    3.1.2 In-depth analysis of Spain, Poland, the Netherlands and Belgium .............................. 56

    3.2 Interoperability .............................................................................................. 59

    3.2.1 Analysis of the 29 countries in scope ............................................................. 60

    3.2.2 In-depth analysis of Spain, Poland, the Netherlands and Belgium .............................. 61

    3.3 Innovation ................................................................................................... 64

    3.3.1 Analysis of the 29 countries in scope ............................................................. 65

    3.3.2 In-depth analysis of Spain, Poland, the Netherlands and Belgium .............................. 66

    4 Analysis of impacts ............................................................................................... 69

    4.1 Usage ........................................................................................................ 69

    4.1.1 Analysis of the 29 countries in scope ............................................................. 70

    4.1.2 In-depth analysis of Spain, Poland, the Netherlands and Belgium .............................. 74

  • ii

    4.2 Benefits ...................................................................................................... 82

    4.2.1 Analysis of the 29 countries in scope ............................................................. 83

    4.2.2 In-depth analysis of Spain, Poland, the Netherlands and Belgium .............................. 91

    5 Analysis of the OECD Recommendation ........................................................................ 96

    5.1 The 12 OECD principles .................................................................................... 97

    5.2 Analysis of the relation between the OECD principles and SDI development and implementation 101

    5.2.1 Principle 1 - Openness, transparency and inclusiveness ....................................... 101

    5.2.2 Principle 2 - Engagement and participation in policymaking and policy making and service delivery 101

    5.2.3 Principle 3 - Creation of a data-driven culture in the public sector ........................... 102

    5.2.4 Principle 4 - Protecting privacy and ensuring security ......................................... 103

    5.2.5 Principle 5 - Leadership and political commitment ............................................ 103

    5.2.6 Principle 6 - Coherent use of digital technology across policy areas ......................... 104

    5.2.7 Principle 7 - Effective organisation and governance frameworks to coordinate ............. 104

    5.2.8 Principle 8 - Strengthen international cooperation with governments ........................ 105

    5.2.9 Principle 9 - Development of clear business cases ............................................ 106

    5.2.10 Principle 10 - Reinforce ICT project management capabilities ................................ 106

    5.2.11 Principle 11 - Procurement of digital technologies ............................................. 107

    5.2.12 Principle 12 - Legal and regulatory framework ................................................ 108

    5.3 Conclusions on the relation between OECD recommendations and SDI developments ............. 108

    6 Conclusions...................................................................................................... 111

    6.1 Conclusions on the analytical framework and data collection methods used ....................... 111

    6.2 Conclusions on the role of SDI for the countries in scope ............................................. 113

    6.3 Lessons learnt ............................................................................................ 115

    References .......................................................................................................... 118

    List of figures ....................................................................................................... 123

    List of tables ........................................................................................................ 124

    Annexes ............................................................................................................. 125

    Annex 1. (Visual) Summary of findings per category of indicators ......................................... 125

    Annex 2. Countries’ tables ........................................