SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES THE MARINE DIMENSION .SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES "THE MARINE DIMENSION"

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  • SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES "THE MARINE

    DIMENSION"

    Guidance for Hydrographic Offices

    Publication C-17

    Second Edition

    Version 2.0.0 - January 2017

    Published by the

    International Hydrographic Organization

    4b, quai Antoine 1er

    B.P. 445

    Monaco, MC 98011 Cedex

    MONACO

    info@iho.int

    www.iho.int

  • 2

    Copyright International Hydrographic Organization 2018

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    Preface

    The 17th International Hydrographic Conference held in May 2007, directed that CHRIS (now

    the IHO Hydrographic Services and Standards Committee - HSSC) establish a Marine Spatial

    Data Infrastructures Working Group (MSDIWG) to identify the Hydrographic Community

    inputs to National Spatial Data Infrastructures (NSDI). In 2015, the responsibility for the

    MSDIWG moved from HSSC to the Inter-Regional Coordination Committee (IRCC). This

    change reflected the ongoing nature of the work of the MSDIWG in tackling predominantly

    non-technical matters. The Terms of Reference of and other information about the MSDIWG

    are available at:

    www.iho.int Committees & WG MSDIWG

    IHO publication M-2 outlines the benefits and options for the development of a national

    hydrographic policy that ensures a State has a knowledge of the physical features of the seabed

    and coast, as well as the currents, tides and certain physical properties of the sea water, such

    that the needs of safety of navigation and protection of the marine environment can be met. A

    successful national hydrographic policy will not only meet the requirements of the mariner but

    can provide additional and often greater benefits to the State.

    Having such hydrographic policies in place led to the adoption of IHO Resolution 5/2009, on

    MSDI policy, by the 4th Extraordinary International Hydrographic Conference in Monaco in

    June 2009. It stated inter alia that:

    "The IHO will support Member States in the identification, development and implementation of

    an appropriate role in national Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) and MSDI initiatives. This

    will be achieved through the development and maintenance of a Special Publication that will

    provide a definitive procedural guide to establishing the role of the national hydrographic

    authority in MSDI."

    Accordingly, a procedural guide to establishing the role of the national hydrographic authority

    in MSDI was developed by the MSDIWG, under the title Spatial Data Infrastructures: "The

    Marine Dimension" - Guidance for Hydrographic Offices. This document was endorsed by the

    HSSC at its 1st meeting (Singapore, October 2009), and subsequently approved by IHO

    Member States as edition 1.0 of a new publication C-17. This document was subsequently

    updated in 2011, incorporating minor changes, as version 1.1.0.

    Due to the ongoing dynamic developments in MSDI the MSDIWG made selected and important

    changes. This version was subsequently adopted by the IHO Member States as version 2.0.0.

    http://www.iho.int/

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    Table of Contents

    Preface ........................................................................................................................................ 3

    1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 5

    2. What is a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)? ......................................................................... 5

    3. The Current Landscape .......................................................................................................... 8

    4. The traditional role of HOs .................................................................................................... 9

    5. From Data to Information to Knowledge ............................................................................... 9

    6. Data Duplication and Conflict ............................................................................................. 11

    7. Why is MSDI important to a HO? ....................................................................................... 11

    8. MSDI Some Important Drivers ......................................................................................... 11

    9. What role should a HO have in MSDI? ............................................................................... 17

    10. Business Planning .............................................................................................................. 20

    11. Steps required to be taken by HOs to make MSDI happen ................................................ 21

    12. The Challenges for Hydrographic Offices ......................................................................... 25

    13. A look into the Future! ....................................................................................................... 26

    Annex A - SDI Best Practice ................................................................................................... 28

    Annex B Example Conceptual Model for a National SDI .................................................... 33

    Annex C Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about SDI ................................................... 34

    Annex D Hydrographic Data Policy ..................................................................................... 38

    Annex E Fundamentals of a Marine Spatial Data Infrastructure (MSDI) ............................ 40

    Annex F Example Uses of Hydrographic Data for Purposes Other Than Navigation .......... 42

    Annex G How HOs might engage in SDI ............................................................................. 43

    Annex H Stakeholders to be considered by IHO member states .......................................... 44

    Annex I SDI Business Plans Links to examples ................................................................ 45

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    1. Introduction

    The purpose of this document is to explain the way that a Hydrographic Office (HO) should

    promote, support, and participate in Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs). It is not definitive in

    its nature, preferring instead to provide guidance on how best to achieve this through practical

    advice, simple step by step processes, useful links to reference material and examples of best

    practice.

    We now have a growing body of knowledge and information available to the HO community

    that provides guidelines rather than advice to enable us to better understand and appreciate the

    value and benefit of SDI. Rather than repeat this general information at length, the relevant

    literature reviews are provided at Annex A of this document.

    The reader is encouraged to consult these references at an early stage of any SDI development

    so that the HO can make the right choices regarding whether it wishes to take a leading role in

    SDI development or seeks to support an existing SDI initiative or work with others to develop

    an SDI. In all cases, however, the HO should be seen as the competent authority concerning the

    provision of hydrographic and related data under any national and/or regional Marine Spatial

    Data Infrastructure (MSDI)

    There are many advantages and benefits to sharing hydrographic