The Katipunan

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The Katipunan - its meaning, structure, aims, and membership. with Andres Bonifacio as its founding leader

Text of The Katipunan

SHAIRA M. RAMIREZ

The Katipunan is Born

Andres Bonifacio, also a member of La Liga Filipina, although he soon lost hope in gaining reforms though peaceful means. This feeling was especially heightened when Jose Rizal was exiled to Dapitan. Bonifacio became convinced that the only way the Philippines could gain independence was through a revolution.

Bonifacio

then founded the Katastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipuanan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK) on July 7, 1892 in a house on Azcarraga street (now Claro M. Recto), in Tondo Manila

Kataastaasan Kagalang-galang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (The Highest and Most RespectableSociety of the Sons of the People)

KATIPUNAN

revolutionary society of Filipino nationalists, established in 1892 to struggle for independence for the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule

advocated revolution rather than reform,Believed that use of force would be the ultimate way to achieve freedom

The members agreed to recruit more people using the triangle system of enlistment. Each original member would recruit tow new members who were not related to each other. Each new member would do the same thing, and so on down the line. Members were also asked to contribute one Real (about 25 centavos) each month in order to raise funds for the association. As a symbol of the members loyalty, they performed the solemn rite of sanduguan (blood compact), wherein each one signed his name with his own blood..

MEMBERSHIP

Objectives

The political goal was to completely separate the Philippines from Spain after declaring the countrys independence. The moral goal was to teach the Filipinos good manners, cleanliness, hygiene, fine morals, and how to guard themselves against religious fanaticism. The civic goal was to encourage Filipinos to help themselves and to defend the poor oppressed.

STRUCTURE

The Kataastaasang Sanggunian (supreme council) was the highest governing body of the Katipunan. It was headed by a supremo, or president.

Each province had a Sangguaniang Bayan (Provincial Council) andeach town had a Sangguniang Balangay (Popular Council).

Deodato Arellano Supremo Ladislao Diwa Fiscal Teodora Plata Secretary Valentine Diaz treasurer

Leaders

Andres Bonifacio controller; was elected Supremo in January 1895

Andres BonifacioBorn on November 30, 1863 in Tondo from the urban working class self-educated man, kept up by reading books Founder and leader of the Katipunan Radical against Spain Supposed First President, but not recognized

EMILIO JACINTOBorn on December 15, 1875 in Trozo, Manila from a poor family Poverty did not prevent him from going to college and earning a degree. Joined the Katipunan at the age of 18 Appointed as Bonifacios right handman He was called the Brains of the Katipunan He wrote the KARTILLA (primer of the Katipunan) Founder and editor of KALAYAAN ( the newspaper of the Katipunan)

Jose Rizal and the Katipunan

Jose Rizal never became involved in the organization and activities of the Katipunan; but the Katipuneros still looked up to him as a leader. In fact, Rizals name was used as a password among the societys highest-ranking members, who were called bayani. Andres Bonifacio had already known Rizal during his La Liga Filipina days, although Rizal did not know Bonifacio personally Nevertheless, Bonifacio so respected Rizals intelligence and talent that in June 1896, he sent Dr. Pio Valenzuela to Dapitan to seek Rizals advice on the planned revolution.

Rizal told Valenzuela that the timing was not right for a revolution. The people were not yet ready and they did not have enough weapons. He suggested that the Katipunan obtain the support of wealthy and influential Filipinos first, in order to gain financial assistance. He also recommended Antonio Luna as commander of its armed forces, since Luna had much knowledge and expertise in military tactics.

Valenzuela returned to Manila on June 26 and relayed Rizals advice to Bonifacio, who admitted that it would indeed be fatal for the Filipinos to fight without enough weapons. However, there was no stopping the Revolution. Bonifacio ordered his men to prepare for battle. He directed them to store enough food and other supplies. Battle plans were made with the help of Emilio Jacinto. It was suggested that the revolutionary headquarters be located near the seas or mountains to provide for an easy retreat, if necessary.

The Katipunan is Discovered

Rumors about a secret revolutionary society had long been in circulation, although no solid evidence could be found to support them. The big break as far as the Spanish authorities was concerned, came on August 19, 1896 when a KKK member, Teodoro Patio told his sister Honoria about the existence of the Katipunan. Patio was a worker in the printing press of Diario de Manila. Honoria was then living with nuns in a Mandaluyong orphanage.

3 Basic Aims : To To

achieve freedom from Spain

teach good values in thoughts and in deeds on its members; and set aside blind obedience and belief in superstitions its members to defend the weak and oppressed

For

The Katipuneros Deodato Roman

Arellano- First elected president

Basa- Replaced Deodato Arellano Bonifacio- Supremo or leader of the Katipunan in 1895

Andres

Born on November 30, 1863 in Tondo self-educated man of the urban working class,

Katipunan

Founded in 1892Initiated by Andres Bonifacio, Teodora Plata, Ladislao Diwa

Kattas taasang kagalang galangang katipunan ng mga anak ng Bayan Discovered by Spanish 1896 Supported Radical ideas Cued Bonifacio to start revolution

Katipunan structure3 branches Kataas-taasang sanggunian : President, the fiscal, the secretary, the treasurer, and a comptroller Sang-gunian Bayan/Provincial Council

Katipunan membership

The women of the katipunande jesus Mariana Dizon Simeona de Remigio Josefa and Trinidad Rizal Angelica Lopez Delfina Herbosa Macaria Pangilinan Gregoria

Discovery of the KatipunanSpanish officials discovered, through an informant parish priest, the existence of the Katipunan in August 1896. Bonifacio, realizing the Katipunan could no longer hide its activity, proclaimed the beginning of the revolution. Katipunan members first attacked Spanish military installations, and then the insurrection spread throughout the provinces of central Luzon.Microsoft Encarta 2008. 1993-2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.