The Handbook oi World Englishes - List of Figures and Tables List of Contributors Preface xi xiii xvii Introduction: The World of World Englishes BRAJ B. KACHRU, YAMU A

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  • The Handbook oiWorldEnglishes

    Edited byBraj B. Kachru, Yamuna Kachruand Cecil L. Nelson

    ~IJBlackwell'-." Publishing

  • 2005034554

    2006 by Blackwell Publishing Ltdexcept for editorial material and organization 2006 by Braj B. Kachru, Yarnuna Kachru,and Cecil 1. Nelson

    BLACKWELL PUBLISHING350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148-5020, USA9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK550 Swanston Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia

    The right of Braj B. Kachru, Yamuna Kachru, and Cecil 1. Nelson to be identified as theAuthors of the Editorial Material in this Work has been asserted in accordance with the UKCopyright, Designs, and Patents Act 1988.

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    First published 2006 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    1 2006

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    The handbook of world Englishes / edited by Braj B. Kachru, Yamuna Kachru,Cecil 1. Nelson.

    p. cm.lncludes bibliographical references and index.ISBN-13: 978-1-4051-1185-0 (hardback : aIk. paper)ISBN-lO: 1-4051-1185-2 (hardback : aIk. paper) 1. English language - Foreign

    countries. 2. English language - Variation - Foreign countries. 3. Englishlanguage - Social aspects - Foreign countries. 4. lnterculturaI cornmunication.1. Kachru, Braj B. II. Kachru, Yarnuna. ID. Nelson, Cecil 1.

    PE2751.H36 2006427-dc22

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  • Contents

    List of Figures and TablesList of ContributorsPreface

    xixiii

    xvii

    Introduction: The World of World EnglishesBRAJ B. KACHRU, YAMU A KACHRU, AND CECIL L. ELSO

    1

    Part 1 The Historical Context

    1 The BeginningsROBERT D. KING

    17

    19

    First Diaspora2 First Steps: Wales and Ireland

    ROBERT D. KING

    3 English in ScotlandFIONA DOUGLAS

    30

    41

    Second Diaspora4 English in orth America

    EDGAR W. SCHNEIDER5 English in Australia and New Zealand

    SCOTT F. KIESLI G

    58

    74

    Third Diaspora6 South Asian Englishes

    RA VINDER GARGESH

    7 East Asian EnglishesNOBUYUKI HON A

    90

    114

  • viii Contents

    8 Southeast Asian Englishes 130MARIA LOURDES S. BAUTISTA AND ANDREW B. GONZALEZ

    9 South American Englishes 145KANAVILLIL RAJAGOPALAN

    10 South African Englishes 158NKONKO M. KAMWANGAMALU

    11 West African Englishes 172TOPE OMONIYI

    12 East African Englishes 188JOSEF SCHMIED

    13 Caribbean Englishes 203MICHAEL ACETO

    14 Euro- Englishes 223MARKO MODIANO

    Fourth Diaspora15 World Englishes Today 240

    KINGSLEYBOLTON

    Part 11 Variational Contexts 27116 Contact Linguistics and World Englishes 273

    RAJEND MESTHRIE17 Varieties of W orld Englishes 289

    KrNGSLEYBOLTON18 Pidgins and Creo les 313

    SALIKOKOS. MUFWENE19 African American English 328

    WALT WOLFRAM

    Part III Acculturation 34720 Written Language, Standard Language, Global Language 349

    M. A. K. HALLIDAY21 Speaking and Writing in World Englishes 366

    YAMUNA KACHRU22 Gemes and Styles in World Englishes 386

    VIJAY K. BHATIA

    Part IV Crossing Borders 40323 Literary Creativity in World Englishes 405

    EDWIN THuMBoo24 W orld Englishes and Issues of Intelligibility 428

    LARRY E. SMITH AND CECIL L. NELSON

  • Con ten ts ix

    25 World Englishes and Culture Wars 446BRAJB.KACHRU

    Part V Grammar Wars and Standards 473

    26 Grammar Wars: Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-CenturyEngland 475LINDA C. MITCHELL

    27 Grammar Wars: The United States 496JOHN ALGEO

    28 World Englishes and Descriptive Grammars 509DANIEL R. DAVIS

    Part VI Ideology, Identity, and Constructs 527

    29 Colonial/Postcolonial Critique: The Challenge fromWorld Englishes 529PRADEEP A. DHILLON

    30 Cultural Studies and Discursive Constructions ofWorld Englishes 545WIMAL DISSANAYAKE

    31 World Englishes and Gender Identities 567TAMARA M. V ALENTINE

    Part VII World Englishes and Globalization 581

    32 World Englishes in the Media 583ELIZABETH A. MARTIN

    33 World Englishes in Global Advertising 601TEJ K. BHATIA

    34 World Englishes and Global Commerce 620STANLEY YUNICK VAN HORN

    Part VIII World Englishes and Applied Theory 643

    35 A Recurring Decimal: English in Language Policy and Planning 645AY9 BAMGBO(>E

    36 Teaching World Englishes 661ROBERT J. BAUMGARDNER

    37 Models, Methods, and Curriculum for ELT Preparation 680KIMBERLEY BROWN

    38 World Englishes and Lexicography 694FREDRIC DOLEZAL

    39 World Englishes and Test Construction 709FRED DAVID SON

  • x Contents

    40 World Englishes and Cornmunicative CompetenceMARGIE BERNS

    718

    Part IX Resources on World Englishes

    41 World Englishes and Corpora StudiesGERALD NELSON

    42 Comparing World Englishes: A Research GuideHELEN FALLO N

    731733

    751

    Author IndexSubject Index

    763779