The Elements of Poetry

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The Elements of Poetry. Every aspect of a poem– including line , white space , and language – is purposeful and creates the overall effect of the poem. Poets say more with less words. Imagery. The poet paints images with words for the reader. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of The Elements of Poetry

  • Every aspect of a poem including line, white space, and language is purposeful and creates the overall effect of the poem.

    Poets say more with less words.

  • The poet paints images with words for the reader. These images help the reader to visualize the poem.Figurative Language

    Sensory Details

    Tools for Imagery

  • Painting images with the five senses:

  • Those Winter SundaysRobert Hayden Sundays too my father got up earlyand put his clothes on in the blueblack cold,then with cracked hands that achedfrom labor in the weekday weather madebanked fires blaze. No one ever thanked him.

    Id wake and hear the cold splintering, breaking.When the rooms were warm, hed call,and slowly I would rise and dress,fearing the chronic angers of that house,

    Lets look at the sensory details in beginning of Those Winter Sundays

  • Painting images with comparisons.

    You should be familiar with these comparisons as metaphor, simile, personification, hyperbole, and more.

  • Comparisons using like or as.

    The river is peaceful, like a sleeping newborn.The river is as peaceful as a sleeping newborn.

  • FogCarl Sandburg The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on.

    How are metaphors used in the poem, Fog

  • Direct comparisons that do NOT use like or as.It is the East, and Juliet is the sun!

    Oh, bright angel, speak again! Romeo, Romeo and Juliet, William Shakespeare

  • Comparison made by giving human traits to non-human things.the clocks handsthe tables legs

  • The VacuumThe house is quiet nowThe vacuum cleaner sulks in the corner closet,Its bag limp as a stopped lung, its mouthGrinning into the floor, maybe at my Slovenly life, my dog-dead youth.

    Ive lived this way long enough,But when my old woman died her soulWent into that vacuum cleaner, and I cant bearTo see the bag swell like a belly, eating the dustAnd the woolen mice, and begin to howl

    How does Howard Nemerov personify a vacuum in the beginning of this poem?

  • Comparisons using exaggeration, usually with humor

  • Written words that are comparable to sounds

    Wind SongBy Lilian Moore

    When the wind blows the quiet things speak.Some whisper, some clang, some creak.Grasses swish. Treetops sigh.Flags slap and snap at the sky.

  • Any type of writing must have something to hold it together and give it shape. Form is the term used to describe the poems structure.Forms

    Techniques

    Tools for Structure

  • A stanza in poetry is like a paragraph in prose. The author organizes the poem by grouping lines into 1 or more stanzas. Stanzas are named by the number of lines they contain:2 lines = couplet 3 lines = tercet4 lines = quatrain 5 lines = cinquain6 lines = sestet 8 lines = octave

  • Rhythm is the beat of a poem.

    It is the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.

    I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America

  • Exact rhyme words have the exact same ending sounds, like cat and hat

    Slant rhyme words sound similar, but arent exact, like one and down.

  • There was an old man from Peru, da DUM da da DUM da da DUMwho dreamed he was eating his shoe. da DUM da da DUM da da DUM

    He awoke in the nightda da DUM da da DUMwith a terrible fright, da da DUM da da DUM

    and found that it all was quite true. da DUM da da DUM da da DUMLets look at the following limerick and see if we can identify the rhythmic and rhyming pattern

    PracticeA

    A

    B B

    A

  • We Real Coolby Gwendolyn Brooks

    THE POOL PLAYERS. SEVEN AT THE GOLDEN SHOVEL.

    We real cool. WeLeft school. We

    Lurk late. WeStrike straight. We

    Sing sin. WeThin gin. We

    Jazz June. WeDie soon.

  • Repetition of initial consonant sounds in a poem is called alliteration.Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers

    Repetition of other consonant sounds is called consonance.All mammals named Sam are clammy

    Repetition of vowel sounds is called assonance.Hear the mellow wedding bells

  • FogCarl Sandburg The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on.

    How is repetition used in the poem, Fog?

  • Read it once silently and again aloud. What do you think is happening in the poem? Jot down your first impressions.

    Read again slowly. What elements of poetry can you find (sensory detail, figurative language, structure techniques and form)? Mark your text! What new ideas are your getting about the poems meaning?

    Read it again with new awareness of the poets craft. Whats the big idea? What do you think he/she is trying to express about life? What questions do you have?

  • Analyze this poem using the close reading steps on the previous slide.

    Fueledby a millionman-madewings of fire-the rocket tore a tunnelthrough the sky-and everybody cheered,Fueledonly by a thought from God-the seedlingurged its way through the thickness of black-and as it piercedthe ceiling of the soil-and launched itselfup into outer space-nooneevenclappedFueledBy Marcie Hans

    Poetry is hard to define. Even poets argue among themselves about what makes a poem a poem. There are some common characteristics, however, that we can use to help us differentiate between poetry and prose. The poem has some meaning, image or emotion it wants to share with the reader. These three things are shown by the above four. That makes a poem!*In Those Winter Sundays Hayden has caused us to experience several senses. blueblack cold certainly makes us feel how cold it was. When the fathers hands are described as cracked hands that ached we can feel the roughness. He describes the cold splintering and breaking. We can hear the trees and ice crack. And then the rooms were warm when the boy got up. We know how that feels on a cold day. When the boy fears the chronic angers of that house and when he speaks indifferently to him we know what emotions the boy is feeling.

    *Making the connection requires background knowledge for the metaphor/simile to be meaningful to the reader.

    Metaphors and similes compare something in the poem to something familiar outside the poem.

    *This is an example of metaphors and personification...*Making the connection requires background knowledge for the metaphor/simile to be meaningful to the reader.

    Metaphors and similes compare something in the poem to something familiar outside the poem.*Analogy: Stanza is to poem as ____________ is to story.We can often see the structure of the poem by the authors use of stanza.

    *Rhyming Pattern is AABBARhythmic pattern is the stressed and unstressed-da DUM da da DUM da da DUMA*This is an example of metaphors and personification...*