Poetry presentation(the elements of poetry)

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2. SOUND FORM AND STRUCTURE METER AND RHYTM 3. RHYME ASSONANCE ALLITERATION 4. The Ancient Mariner By Samuel T. Coleridge The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew The furrow followed free We were the first that ever burst Into that silent sea 5. Example: Each-Either Old-Mouldy Lady-Baby Deep-Tree 6. Example: If all be true that I do think, (a) There are five reasons we should drink, (a) Good wine, a friend, or being dry, (b) Or lest we should be by and by (b) Or any reason why (b) 7. A rhyme can be a source of inspiration Rhyme pleases most readers because it is interesting and pleasing Appeal to the reader memory 8. Behold, we know not anything (a) I can but trust that good shall fall (b) At last-far off-at last to all (b) And every winter change to spring (a) 9. O, rest ye, brother mariners, we will not wander more When read aloud, this heptameter line will sound as though it were written O, rest ye, brother mariners, We will not wander more 10. Stanza Form Fixed Form Continuous Form 11. The elements of formal design is slight. Without formal grouping. Example: a poetry by Walt Whitman WHEN I HEARD THE LEARND ASTRONOMER When I heard the learnd astronomer When the proofs, the figures, were ranged in columns before me, When I was shown the charts and diagrams, to add, divide, and measure them, When I sitting heard the astronomer where he lectured with much applause in the lecture-room 12. Writes in a series of stanzas, that is repeated units having the same number of lines, same metrical pattern , and often an identical rhyme scheme. Example: a poetry by Thomas Gray ELEGY WRITTEN IN A COUNTRY CHURCH-YARD The curfew tolls the knell of parting day, The lowing herd wind slowly oer the lea The plowman ho meward plods his weary way And leaves the world to darkness and to me 13. Traditional pattern that applies to a whole poem. It has been experimented by limerick and sonnet Example: The Limerick There was a young lady of Niger Who smiled as she rode on a tiger; They return from the ride With the lady inside, And the smile on the face of a tiger 14. Blank Verse: or unrhymed iambic pentameter lines Example: Tears, idle tears, I know not what they mean Tears from the depth of some divine despair Rise in the heart, and gather to the eyes, In looking on the happy Autumn-fields, And thinking of the days that are no more 15. Percy Bysshe Shelley-Ode To The West Wind O wild west wend, thou breath of Autumns being Thou, from where unseen presence the leaves dead Are driven, like ghost from an enchanter fleeing, Yellow, and black, and pale, and hectic red, Pestilence-stricken multitudes: O thou, Who chariotest to their dark wintry bed The winged seeds, where they lie cold and low, Each like corpse within its grave, until Thine azure sister of the spring shall blow 16. Free Verse is actually not verse at all; it is not metrical. It may be rhymed or unrhymed-most often are rhymed It doesnt conform to any kind of meter. Its diction, its liberal use of figurative language and of symbols, and its essentially dramatic method all mark it as belonging to the great tradition of poetry 17. Must be fourteen lines in length, and it almost always is iambic pentameneter. William Wordsworth IT IS BEAUTEOUS EVENING, CALM AND FREE It is beautious evening, calm and free, The holy time is quiet as a Nun Breathless with adoration: the broad sun Is sinking down and its tranquility; The gentleness of heaven broods oer the Sea Listen the mighty Doing Is awake, . 18. Meter is the kind of rhythm we can tap our foot to. In language that is metrical the accents are so arranged as to occur at apparently equal intervals of time, and it is this interval we mark of with the tap of our foot. Rhythm implies: something is here, then it is replaced by something and then the first thing return. E.g.; the rhythm of season: winter, spring, summer, autumn. The rhythm of heavenly bodies: moon, stars, the sun. 19. Scansion is the act of marking a poem to show the metrical unit of which is composed. The smallest of this metrical units is syllable Example: Learned until flattery forceps alabaster Accented/ stressed Unaccented/ unstressed 20. Combination of stressed and unstressed syllable which constitutes the recurrent rhythmic unit of line. Iambic Unaccented-Accented Trochaic Accented-Unaccented Dactylic Accented-Unaccented- Unaccented Anapestic Unaccented-Unaccented- Accented Spondaic Accented-Accented Phyrrhic Unaccented-Unaccented 21. A line is a succession of feet which usually begins with capital letter. Iambic: with loads of learned lumber in his head Trochaic: pleasant was the landscape Dactylic: one more unfortunate Anapestic: with his nostrils like pits full of blood to the brim 22. Monometer : one foot Dimeter : two feet Trimeter : three feet Tetrameter : four feet Pentameter : five feet Hexameter : six feet Heptameter : seven feet Octameter : eight feet