SSTAC/ARTS REVIEW OF THE DRAFT INTEGRATED SSTAC/ARTS REVIEW OF THE DRAFT ITP McLean, Virginia June 24-28,

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  • (NASA-TM-I08703) SSTAC/ARTS REVIEW

    OF THE DRAFT INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGY

    PLAN (ITP). VOLUME 2: PROPULSION

    SYSTEMS (NASA) 218 p

    N93-71573

    --THRU--

    N93-71887

    Unclas

    Z9/81 0157467

    https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19930074426 2020-07-18T17:19:45+00:00Z

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    SSTAC/ARTS REVIEW OF THE DRAFT INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGY PLAN (ITP)

    Volume I1: June 26-27

    Propulsion Systems

    Briefings from the June 24-28, 1991 Conference McLean, Virginia

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Office of Aeronautics, Exploration and Technology Washington, D.C. 20546

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  • SSTAC/ARTS REVIEW OF THE DRAFT ITP

    McLean, Virginia June 24-28, 1991

    Volume I1: June 26-27

    Propulsion Systems

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

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    PR1.

    PR2.

    PR3.

    PR4.

    PR5.

    PR6.

    PR7.

    PR8.

    PR9.

    PR10.

    PR11.

    PR12.

    PR13.

    PR14.

    Space Propulsion Technology Program Overview -- William J.D. Escher

    Space Propulsion Technology Program Fact Sheets -- William J.D. Escher

    Low Thrust Propulsion -- D. Byers

    Advanced Propulsion Concepts -- Joel C. Sercel

    High-Thrust Chemical Propulsion -- S. Gorland

    Cryogenic Fluid Management -- Pat Symons

    NASA CSTI Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion -- James L. Moses

    Advanced Main Combustion Chamber Program

    Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Turbomachinery -- L.A. Schutzenhofer/R.Garcia

    Transportation Technology -- S. Gorland

    Space Chemical Engines Technology -- Frank D. Berkopec

    Nuclear Propulsion

    Spacecraft On-Board Propulsion -- D. Byers

    Low-Cost Commercial Transport -- J. McPherson

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    SSTAC/ARTS

    PR1.

    PR2.

    PR3.

    PR4.

    PR5.

    PR6.

    PR7.

    PR8.

    PR9.

    PR10.

    PR11.

    PR12.

    PR13.

    PR14.

    REVIEW OF THE DRAFT INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGY PLAN (ITP)

    Space Propulsion Technology

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Space Propulsion Technology Program Overview -- William J.D. Escher

    Space Propulsion Technology Program Fact Sheet -- William J.D. Escher

    Low Thrust Propulsion -- D. Byers

    Advanced Propulsion Concepts -- Joel C. Sercel

    High-Thrust Chemical Propulsion -- S. Gorland

    Cryogenic Fluid Management -- Pat Symons

    NASA CSTI Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion -- James L. Moses

    Advanced Main Combustion Chamber Program

    Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Turbomachinery -- L.A. Schutzenhofer/R. Garcia

    Transportation Technology -- S. Gorland

    Space Chemical Engines Technology -- Frank D. Berkopec

    Nuclear Propulsion

    Spacecraft On-Board Propulsion -- D. Byers

    Low-Cost Commercial Transport -- J. McPherson

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  • ' f.Office of I A_eronautics, Exploration and Technology

    SPACE PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM

    OVERVIEW

    WilliamJ. D. Escher Manager,ETO & ACE PropulsionR&T Programs SSTAC/ARTSMeeting June 24-28, 1991

    1874

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    AGENDA

    Orientation and Background

    Program New Initiatives and Exemplary

    Augmentation Opportunities�Payoffs

    Program Element Augmentation Budgets

    and Goals�Objectives

    Base Research & Technology Elements

    Focused Technology Elements

    Flight Test Elements

    _ PRI-1

  • SPACE PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMS

    Focused Proaram Elements J _echnology-User "Pull") I

    TRANSPORTATION SPACE PLATFORMS TECHNOLOGY

    FLIGHT EXPT$

    I Earth-to.Orbi!Propulsion

    Commercial Vehicle

    Propulsion

    j AuxiliaryPropulsion

    Advanced I ! NuclearCryogenic Thermal Engines _ Propulsion

    Cryogenic I I NuclearFluid Systems Electric Propulsion

    Spacecraft On-Board

    Propulsion

    Propulsion )

    Cryogenic ] Orbital N2

    Expt (CONE)

    SEPS JFlight Experimenl

    I Cryogenic Orbital H2

    Exp! (COHE)

    Bas0 Research & Technology Elements (Tech nology-Developer "Push")

    Low Thrust Propulsion

    {Primary & Aux) PropulSion Chemical I Fluid ] Planetary Concepts Propulsion LManagement I Propellan!s

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    I1_/John C. Slennl$ Space Center .,.,.,=,-,.v.OCO=AO_UAND -rc,,-uu_._nv / B6m_H I I _ INmB_.J V_,_/

    CONCEPTS AND MATURATION PROCESS I

    - ' l "= t TRANSFER I _1! FLTDEMOflGRDDEMOS II APPLICATIONS | _S

    "{= / PAT...OE. I I I teStBE_ ......I - [ o.co _CHNO_OG¥¢i I _EV_=.OPMEm:I _V. VEHICLES

    ==_i I ""'' II D=_.o. ' L °E=o.:.........i I °.,_o,.., I i o,.,_o.sI ..__ Z ANALYSIS I .... _ _ .......

    _O_ ProblemlO _ Alternate '-I Detalleof ILl DevlioPPr°l°tYPeL=JOPerall°mlM°nil°rl. v IConceDt S'cill "1 _ I SpacI_ Studiu I-'-lEvalua_Jon mracUonl Requirements I ISyslem Analysis I r_,,, r r_ _J I Refinement I I _lndC,,onlq_l|

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    _ Research I I°"'°p_'"t I I De,,io,_.n,i _"'°_nntl I Operations "='".')1 I "'TI'+I I ::: At"-")I / +_6"3B)1 I ¢(=") I I o

    _1 ..T... > T.c,no,o0,> a,.anc._ >F,lg,,S,s,.m. _i _ Dev. & Val. Development Development Ce_lfeal_n ProduCe

    _ BasicFundamentals GI_, Su_ompo_nts Proloty_ SystemFar Term,High Rllk TestRigs,Syllem Teethed, Demonstration OperationImprovements Unfocused Focused Point Design

    LI ..... Basic PrincipleObs.lind Reporl L2 ........ ConceptDesign Formulated

    _ L3 ............. Conc, pl Design T.sl andAn.lysl.L4 ................. _#lcal _nct_ Bteedbo_d Demo LS .................... Com_nc_ _e_ & Etra_at_n EnvironmentI LlS............................................................................. Sube_ ModelTest L? ............................................................................... Protot_>eSy_em Test La ................................................................................... Baselineinto Pmd_tbn L9 ........................................................................................ O_rations .=_m_

    PR1-2

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    SPACE PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY

    TECHNOLOGY REQUIREMENT SOURCES

    NASA Office of SDac@Flioht. Office of Space Science & Apo/ications

    e.g., OSF's "Mission User Technology Needs & Applications" Note: ETO & SCET Basic WBS Structure Match "Top 3" Items

    DeveloDment-Staoe and Flioht Proarams

    e.g., NLS/STME Critical Task-by-Task Applicability Review Status: ETO/SCET 3-day Program Review in March 1991,

    NLS/STME Response in April 1991, Follow-up Meetings Underway at Present

    Special Assessments of NASA and Its Proorams

    o SSTAC/ARTS & NRC/ASEB Propulsion Program Review Feedback o Augustine and Synthesis Group Reports:

    (Transportation & Propulsion Related Recommendations)

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    Mission�Vehicle�Propulsion planning-Visibility Studies (See later chart)

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    OSF Technology Requirements Evaluation NASA Program Unique Technologies

    1 Vehicle Health Management 12 Advanced Turbomachinery Components & Models 3 Combustion Devices 4 Advanced Heal Rejection Devices 5 Water Recovery & Management 6 High Efficiency Space Power Systems 7 Advanced Extravehicular Mobility Unit Technologies 8 Eleclromechanical Control Systems/Electrical Actuation 9 Crew Training Systems 10 Characterization of AI-Li Alloys 11 Cryogenic Supply, Storage & Handling 12 Thermal Protection Systems for High Temperature Applications 13 Robotic Technologies 14 Orbital Debris Protection 15 Guidance, Navigation & Control 16 Advanced Avionics Architectures

    Industry Driven Technologies

    Signal Transmission & Reception Advanced Avionics Software Video Technologies Environmentally Safe Cleaning Solvents, Relrigerants & Foams Non-Destruclive Evaluation

    Office Of Space Flight

    " PR1-3

  • SPACE PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY

    =J ""_ •

    SYNTHESIS GROUP

    Key Propulsion-Related Findings/Recommendations

    General

    o Require Earth-to-Orbit, Interplanetary Transfer and and/or Cargo Service

    Descent/Ascent Propulsion for Crew

    Chemical Propulsion

    o Hydrocarbon/Oxygen Propulsion tor Boost-stage Applications e.g., F-1 Engines (as updated)

    o Hydrogen/Oxygen Propulsion for Space-stage Applications e.g., Upgraded J-2 Engines, NLS/STME

    o NASP X-30 "...should be vigorously pursued." i.e., hypersonic airbreathing

    o SDIO SSTO concept "...should be carried forward to demonstrate feasib