DRAFT Grade 5 English Language Arts Item Specifications

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  • DRAFT

    Grade5Mathematics ItemSpecifications

    ThereleaseoftheupdatedFSATestItemSpecificationsisintendedtoprovidegreaterspecificityforitemwritersindevelopingitemstobefieldtestedin2016.TherevisionsinthespecificationswillNOTaffecttheSpring2015

    FloridaStandardsAssessments.Theenhancedexplanations,clarifications,andsampleitemsshouldassistitemwritersandotherstakeholdersinunderstandingtheFloridaStandardsandthevarioustypesoftestitemsthatcanbe

    developedtomeasurestudentproficiencyintheapplicablecontentareasfor2016andbeyond.

  • Grade5MathematicsItemSpecificationsFloridaStandardsAssessments

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    ThedraftFloridaStandardsAssessments(FSA)TestItemSpecifications(Specifications)arebasedupontheFloridaStandardsandtheFloridaCourseDescriptionsasprovidedinCPALMs.TheSpecificationsarearesourcethatdefinesthecontentandformatofthetestandtestitemsforitemwritersandreviewers.EachgradelevelandcourseSpecificationsdocumentindicatesthealignmentofitemswiththeFloridaStandards.ItalsoservestoprovideallstakeholderswithinformationaboutthescopeandfunctionoftheFSA.

    ItemSpecificationsDefinitionsAlsoassessesreferstostandard(s)closelyrelatedtotheprimarystandardstatement.Clarificationstatementsexplainwhatstudentsareexpectedtodowhenrespondingtothequestion.Assessmentlimitsdefinetherangeofcontentknowledgeanddegreeofdifficultythatshouldbeassessedintheassessmentitemsforthestandard.Itemtypesdescribethecharacteristicsofthequestion.Contextdefinestypesofstimulusmaterialsthatcanbeusedintheassessmentitems.

    ContextAllowablereferstoitemsthatmaybutarenotrequiredtohavecontext.

    ContextNocontextreferstoitemsthatshouldnothavecontext.

    ContextRequiredreferstoitemsthatmusthavecontext.

  • Grade5MathematicsItemSpecificationsFloridaStandardsAssessments

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    TechnologyEnhancedItemDescriptions:TheFloridaStandardsAssessments(FSA)arecomposedoftestitemsthatincludetraditionalmultiplechoiceitems,itemsthatrequirestudentstotypeorwritearesponse,andtechnologyenhanceditems(TEI).Technologyenhanceditemsarecomputerdelivereditemsthatrequirestudentstointeractwithtestcontenttoselect,construct,and/orsupporttheiranswers.Currently,thereareninetypesofTEIsthatmayappearoncomputerbasedassessmentsforFSAMathematics.ForGrades3and4assessments,whichwillbepaperbasedtestsin20142015,andforstudentswithanIEPor504planthatspecifiesapaperbasedaccommodation,TEIswillbemodifiedorreplacedwithtestitemsthatcanbescannedandscoredelectronically.

    Forsamplesofeachoftheitemtypesdescribedbelow,seetheFSATrainingTests.TechnologyEnhancedItemTypesMathematics

    1. EditingTaskChoiceThestudentclicksahighlightedwordorphrase,whichrevealsadropdownmenucontainingoptionsforcorrectinganerroraswellasthehighlightedwordorphraseasitisshowninthesentencetoindicatethatnocorrectionisneeded.Thestudentthenselectsthecorrectwordorphrasefromthedropdownmenu.Forpaperbasedassessments,theitemismodifiedsothatitcanbescannedandscoredelectronically.Thestudentfillsinacircletoindicatethecorrectwordorphrase.

    2. EditingTaskThestudentclicksonahighlightedwordorphrasethatmaybeincorrect,whichrevealsatextbox.Thedirectionsinthetextboxdirectthestudenttoreplacethehighlightedwordorphrasewiththecorrectwordorphrase.Forpaperbasedassessments,thisitemtypemaybereplacedwithanotheritemtypethatassessesthesamestandardandcanbescannedandscoredelectronically.

    3. HotTexta. SelectableHotTextExcerptedsentencesfromthetextarepresented

    inthisitemtype.Whenthestudenthoversovercertainwords,phrases,orsentences,theoptionshighlight.Thisindicatesthatthetextisselectable(hot).Thestudentcanthenclickonanoptiontoselectit.Forpaperbasedassessments,aselectablehottextitemismodifiedsothatitcanbescannedandscoredelectronically.Inthisversion,thestudentfillsinacircletoindicateaselection.

  • Grade5MathematicsItemSpecificationsFloridaStandardsAssessments

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    b.DragandDropHotTextCertainnumbers,words,phrases,or

    sentencesmaybedesignateddraggableinthisitemtype.Whenthestudenthoversovertheseareas,thetexthighlights.Thestudentcanthenclickontheoption,holddownthemousebutton,anddragittoagraphicorotherformat.Forpaperbasedassessments,draganddrophottextitemswillbereplacedwithanotheritemtypethatassessesthesamestandardandcanbescannedandscoredelectronically.

    4. OpenResponseThestudentusesthekeyboardtoenteraresponseintoatextfield.Theseitemscanusuallybeansweredinasentenceortwo.Forpaperbasedassessments,thisitemtypemaybereplacedwithanotheritemtypethatassessesthesamestandardandcanbescannedandscoredelectronically.

    5. MultiselectThestudentisdirectedtoselectallofthecorrectanswersfromamonganumberofoptions.Theseitemsaredifferentfrommultiplechoiceitems,whichallowthestudenttoselectonlyonecorrectanswer.Theseitemsappearintheonlineandpaperbasedassessments.

    6. GraphicResponseItemDisplay(GRID)Thestudentselectsnumbers,words,phrases,orimagesandusesthedraganddropfeaturetoplacethemintoagraphic.Thisitemtypemayalsorequirethestudenttousethepoint,line,orarrowtoolstocreatearesponseonagraph.Forpaperbasedassessments,thisitemtypemaybereplacedwithanotheritemtypethatassessesthesamestandardandcanbescannedandscoredelectronically.

    7. EquationEditorThestudentispresentedwithatoolbarthatincludesavarietyofmathematicalsymbolsthatcanbeusedtocreatearesponse.Responsesmaybeintheformofanumber,variable,expression,orequation,asappropriatetothetestitem.Forpaperbasedassessments,thisitemtypemaybereplacedwithamodifiedversionoftheitemthatcanbescannedandscoredelectronicallyorreplacedwithanotheritemtypethatassessesthesamestandardandcanbescannedandscoredelectronically.

    8. MatchingItemThestudentchecksaboxtoindicateifinformationfromacolumnheadermatchesinformationfromarow.Forpaperbasedassessments,thisitemtypemaybereplacedwithanotheritemtypethatassessesthesamestandardandcanbescannedandscoredelectronically.

    9.TableItemThestudenttypesnumericvaluesintoagiventable.Thestudentmaycompletetheentiretableorportionsofthetabledependingonwhatisbeingasked.Forpaperbasedassessments,thisitemtypemaybereplacedwithanotheritemtypethatassessesthesamestandardandcanbescannedandscoredelectronically.

  • Grade5MathematicsItemSpecificationsFloridaStandardsAssessments

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    MathematicalPractices:

    TheMathematicalPracticesareapartofeachcoursedescriptionforGrades38,Algebra1,Geometry,andAlgebra2.Thesepracticesareanimportantpartofthecurriculum.TheMathematicalPracticeswillbeassessedthroughout.

    MAFS.K12.MP.1.1:

    Makesenseofproblemsandpersevereinsolvingthem.Mathematicallyproficientstudentsstartbyexplainingtothemselvesthemeaningofaproblemandlookingforentrypointstoitssolution.Theyanalyzegivens,constraints,relationships,andgoals.Theymakeconjecturesabouttheformandmeaningofthesolutionandplanasolutionpathwayratherthansimplyjumpingintoasolutionattempt.Theyconsideranalogousproblems,andtryspecialcasesandsimplerformsoftheoriginalprobleminordertogaininsightintoitssolution.Theymonitorandevaluatetheirprogressandchangecourseifnecessary.Olderstudentsmight,dependingonthecontextoftheproblem,transformalgebraicexpressionsorchangetheviewingwindowontheirgraphingcalculatortogettheinformationtheyneed.Mathematicallyproficientstudentscanexplaincorrespondencesbetweenequations,verbaldescriptions,tables,andgraphsordrawdiagramsofimportantfeaturesandrelationships,graphdata,andsearchforregularityortrends.Youngerstudentsmightrelyonusingconcreteobjectsorpicturestohelpconceptualizeandsolveaproblem.Mathematicallyproficientstudentschecktheiranswerstoproblemsusingadifferentmethod,andtheycontinuallyaskthemselves,Doesthismakesense?Theycanunderstandtheapproachesofotherstosolvingcomplexproblemsandidentifycorrespondencesbetweendifferentapproaches.

    MAFS.K12.MP.2.1:

    Reasonabstractlyandquantitatively.Mathematicallyproficientstudentsmakesenseofquantitiesandtheirrelationshipsinproblemsituations.Theybringtwocomplementaryabilitiestobearonproblemsinvolvingquantitativerelationships:theabilitytodecontextualizetoabstractagivensituationandrepresentitsymbolicallyandmanipulatetherepresentingsymbolsasiftheyhavealifeoftheirown,withoutnecessarilyattendingtotheirreferentsandtheabilitytocontextualize,topauseasneededduringthemanipulationprocessinordertoprobeintothereferentsforthesymbolsinvolved.

  • Grade5MathematicsItemSpecificationsFloridaStandardsAssessments

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    Quantitativereasoningentailshabitsofcreatingacoherentrepresentationoftheproblemathand;consideringtheunitsinvolved;attendingtothemeaningofquantities,notjusthowtocomputethem;andknowingandflexiblyusingdifferentpropertiesofoperationsandobjects.

    MAFS.K12.MP.3.1:

    Constructviableargumentsandcritiquethereasoningofothers.Mathematicallyproficientstudentsunderstandandusestatedassumptions,definitions,andpreviouslyestablishedresultsinconstructingarguments.Theymakeconjecturesandbuildalogicalprogressionofstatementstoexplorethetruthoftheirconjectures.Theyareabletoanalyzesituationsbybreakingthemintocases,andcanrecognizeandusecounterexamples.Theyjustifytheirconclusions,communicatethemtoothers,andrespondtotheargumentsofothers.Theyreasoninductivelyaboutdata,makingplausibleargumentsthattakeintoaccountthecontextfromwhichthedataarose.Mathematicallyproficientstudentsarealsoabletocomparetheeffectivenessoftwoplausiblearguments,distinguishcorrectlogicorreasoningfromthatwhichisflawed,andifthereisaflawinanargumentexplainwhatitis.Elementarystudentscanconstructargumentsusingconcretereferentssuchasobjects,drawings,diagrams,andactions.Suchargumentscanmakesenseandbecorrect,eventhoughtheyarenotgeneralizedormadeformaluntillatergrades.Later,studentslearntodeterminedomainstowhichanargumentapplies.Studentsatallgradescanlistenorreadtheargumentsofothers,decidewhethertheymakesense,andaskusefulquestionstoclarifyorimprovethearguments.

    MAFS.K12.MP.4.1:

    Modelwithmathematics.Mathematicallyproficientstudentscanapplyt

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