Revised Draft Australian Curriculum: The Arts Foundation ... Draft Australian Curriculum: The Arts Foundation to Year 10 Draft work in progress February 2013

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  • Revised Draft Australian Curriculum: The Arts Foundation to Year 10

    Draft work in progress

    February 2013

  • xxix

    Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority 2013

    This work is copyright. You may download, display, print and reproduce this material in unaltered form only (retaining this notice) for your personal, non-commercial use or use within your organisation.

    All other rights are reserved. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to:

    ACARA Copyright Administration, ACARA Level 10, 255 Pitt Street Sydney NSW 2000

  • Contents

    The Arts Learning Area 1

    Dance 24

    Drama 60

    Media Arts 83

    Music 107

    Visual Arts 126

    Draft work in progress

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    The Arts Learning Area

    Rationale The Arts have the capacity to engage, inspire and enrich all students, exciting the imagination and encouraging them to reach their creative and expressive potential. The five distinct but related Arts subjects in the Australian Curriculum Dance, Drama, Media Arts, Music and Visual Arts all provide opportunities for students to create, share and communicate ideas, emotions, experiences and imagination. Rich in tradition, the Arts play a major role in the development and expression of contemporary cultures and communities, locally, nationally and globally.

    In the Arts, students learn as artists and audience through the intellectual, emotional and sensory experiences of the arts. They acquire skills specific to the Arts subjects and develop critical understanding that informs decision-making and aesthetic choices. Through the Arts, students learn to express their ideas, thoughts and opinions as they discover and interpret the world. Students develop their Arts knowledge and aesthetic understanding through a growing comprehension of the distinct and related language, symbols, techniques, processes and skills of the Arts subjects. They communicate ideas in current, traditional and emerging forms and use arts knowledge and understanding to make sense of their world.

    The Arts entertain, challenge, provoke responses and enrich our knowledge of self, communities, cultures and histories. The Arts contribute to the development of confident and creative individuals, nurturing and challenging, active and informed citizens. Through engagement with Arts practice students learn about what artists know and do, how they do it, where they do it, with and for whom they do it and why they do it. Learning and practising arts traditions fosters social competencies and aids the development of personal identity, views of the world and global citizenship. Arts learning is based on cognitive, affective and sensory/kinaesthetic response to practice as students revisit increasingly complex content, skills, techniques and processes with developing confidence and sophistication across their years of learning.

    This rationale for the Arts learning area is complemented and extended by specific rationales for each of the five Arts subjects.

    Aims The Australian Curriculum: The Arts aims to develop students:

    creativity, imagination, aesthetic understanding and critical thinking and Arts practices with increasing self-confidence through engagement in making and responding to artworks

    Arts knowledge and communication: valuing and sharing experience, representing, expressing and communicating ideas about their individual and collective worlds to others in meaningful ways

    Use of innovative arts practices and available and emerging technologies to express ideas and develop empathy with multiple viewpoints

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    Insights into and understanding of local, regional and global cultures, histories and Arts traditions through engaging with the worlds of artists, art forms, practices and professions.

    These aims are extended and complemented by specific aims for each Arts subject.

    Organisation Introduction In the Australian Curriculum, the Arts is a learning area that draws together related but distinct art forms. While these art forms have close relationships and are often used in interrelated ways, practice in each involves different approaches to practical and critical thinking and reflects distinct bodies of knowledge and understanding.

    The Australian Curriculum: The Arts Foundation to Year 10 comprises five subjects: Dance Drama Media Arts Music Visual Arts

    Each subject focuses on its own practice and unique ways of looking at the world.

    In Dance, students use the body to communicate and express meaning through purposeful movement. Dance practice integrates choreography, performance, appreciation of and responses to dance and dance-making. Students develop awareness of, and use knowledge of dance and dance practitioners in their own and other cultures and communities.

    In Drama, students explore and depict real and fictional worlds through the body language, gesture and space to make meaning as performers and audience. They create, rehearse, perform and respond to drama individually and collaboratively. They explore the diversity of drama in the contemporary world and other times, places and traditions through various theatrical contexts, styles and forms.

    In Media Arts, students use communications technologies to explore, interpret and create stories about people, ideas and the world around them. They engage their senses, imagination and intellect through works that respond to diverse and dynamic cultural, social and institutional factors that shape contemporary communication. Students connect with audiences, purposes and ideas, exploring concepts and viewpoints through the creative use of materials and technologies.

    In Music, students listen to, compose and perform music from a broad range of styles, traditions and contexts. They create, shape and share sounds in time and space and critically analyse music they listen to, make and perform Music practice is aurally based and focuses on acquiring and using knowledge and understanding about music and musicians from their own experience and other times and places.

    In Visual Arts, students engage with the concepts of artists, artworks and audience. Visual Arts practice involves experiences, practical and critical thinking, conceptual and spatial inquiry and the analysis of artworks from a range of viewpoints as artist and audience.

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    Students make individual and collaborative artworks that communicate their artistic intentions and use skills of observation, interpretation and analysis to critically evaluate their own and others artworks.

    The Arts subjects are also interconnected, particularly through hybrid (combination) and contemporary arts. The curriculum enables exploration of the dynamic relationships between Arts subjects. This might involve students making artworks in traditional or contemporary forms or using material from one Arts subject to support learning in another.

    Design in the Arts

    Design links creativity and innovation. Within all Arts subjects, design facilitates the creative and practical realisation of ideas and processes. Design thinking is a fundamental strategy in the experimentation, refinement and resolution of an artwork and is sensitive to logical, critical and aesthetic considerations. In the Arts, many different words describe the design process such as composing, choreographing, narrating, devising, constructing, sculpting and visually designing.

    Designing in the Arts specifically considers the relational ways art forms can inform each other. This includes music and dance, visual design and drama, sculpture and architecture or for instance, in media arts, the combination of multiple art forms and technologies. Design in the Arts may also consider the contribution and opportunities afforded by other forms of thinking such as environmental, aesthetic, mathematical, scientific, geographical, historical, technological, socio-cultural, kinaesthetic or material thinking.

    Content structure The Australian Curriculum: The Arts is written for each of the five subjects across bands of year levels: Foundation to Year 2; Years 3 and 4; Years 5 and 6; Years 7 and 8 and Years 9 and 10.


    Content descriptions in each Arts subject are organised through two interrelated strands that, across the bands, present a sequence of development of knowledge, understanding and skills. The strands are:

    Making learning about and using knowledge, techniques, skills and processes to explore Arts practices and to make artworks

    Responding exploring, responding to, analysing and interpreting artworks.


    Making involves learning about and using knowledge, techniques, skills and processes to explore arts practices and to make artworks which they present, perform or produce. As the artist and as audience for their own work and for the works of others, students learn through actions such as experimenting, conceptualising, reflecting, performing, communicating and evaluating. The ongoing process of reflecting, refining and resolving their work is essential to learning in the Arts as much as is creating a finished artwork.

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    Making in the Arts involves engaging the senses, the emotions, cognition and imagination,