Sociolinguistics Unit 1

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    Theme 1

    Sociolinguistics III L2

  • sociolinuistics?

    To understand what sociolinguistics is all

    about it may help to review the following


    1. Which features of language behavior are people

    conscious of using which are below the level of

    their conscious awareness?

    2. To what extent individuals and groups use

    language to define themselves or to set

    themselves apart from others?

  • sociolinuistics?

    4. What factors cause individuals or groups to

    change their language in order to sound either

    similar to or different from others?

    5. What factors inhibit or promote the extinction,

    rise or maintenance of local varieties of


    6. What factors cause listeners to perceive one

    type of language as higher in status than


    7. What attitudes do people have towards regional

    dialects and foreign accents?

  • What is


    Sociolinguistics can be defined as a field of

    research and study that deals with the

    relation between language and society.

    It copes with the links that can be found

    between one or more languages and their

    users who live within a specific speech


  • What is


    Sociolinguistics examines the societal and

    linguistic patterns that govern our behavior

    as members of human society and how they

    affect interaction.

    Sociolinguistics is a very broad field, and it

    can be used to describe many different ways

    of studying language.

  • What is


    A discipline concerned with linguistic

    diversity from the point of view of social

    Pavlik: 29)

    attempt to find correlations between

    (Gumperz 1971)

  • Branches of Sociolinguistics

    Language and Interaction

    The principles of conversation, the ways in which

    people make adjustments in speech when

    interacting with others and the ways in which

    societies differ in their assumptions about,

    expectations for, and use of language.

  • Branches of Sociolinguistics

    Language Variation: Style, Situation,


    Deals with the importance of contextual

    factors in determining different registers,

    styles, and genres.

    It also deals with the use of language for

    specific domains and functions as in

    advertising, religion, business, and e-mailing.

  • Branches of Sociolinguistics

    Language Variation and Change (Dialects

    and Social Groups)

    The differences within a language according

    to social groupings, especially class, gender,

    ethnicity, and region.

    The variationist interest in language change

    is also represented in this section.

  • Branches of Sociolinguistics

    Language Contact

    Stresses the reality that societies are rarely

    monolingual; languages exist among other


    The ways in which speakers of different

    languages influence each other, and how

    multilingualism is 'managed' by speakers at a

    microlevel and by societies at a macrolevel.

  • Branches of Sociolinguistics

    Language, Power, and Inequality

    Deals with the ways in which language is

    entrenched in, and entrenches, relations of

    dominance in societies.

  • Branches of Sociolinguistics

    Language Planning, Policy, Practice

    Deals with the macrosociolinguistic issues of

    the choice of a national language or

    languages, and the ways in which languages

    can be developed to face the challenges of

    communication in an era spanning political

    independence, nation building, and


  • Branches of Sociolinguistics

    Language and Education

    Stresses the close relation between

    Sociolinguistics and education, especially in

    relation to validating the languages and

    dialects that children bring to the school.

  • Branches of Sociolinguistics

    Language and Education

    The home language-school language

    interface, the public debates about Standard

    English and less feted varieties like Ebonics,

    an understanding of educational failure,

    enhancing gender sensitivity in male

    dominated classrooms, and so forth.

  • What does

    sociolinguistics study?

    the social importance of language to

    groups of people, from small sociocultural

    groups to entire nations

    language as part of the character of a

    nation or a culture

    the development of national standard

    languages and their relation to regional

    and local dialects

  • What does

    sociolinguistics study?

    attitudes toward variants and choice of

    which to use where and when

    how individual ways of speaking reveal

    membership in social groups: working

    class versus middle class, urban versus

    rural, old versus young, female versus


  • What does

    sociolinguistics study?

    how certain varieties and forms enjoy

    prestige, while others are stigmatized

    ongoing change in the forms and varieties

    of language, interrelationships between


    language structures in relation to


  • What does

    sociolinguistics study?

    how speakers construct identities through

    discourse in interaction with one another

    how speakers and listeners use language

    to define their relationship and establish

    the character and direction of their talk

  • What does

    sociolinguistics study?

    how talk conveys attitudes about the

    context, the participants and their

    relationship in terms of membership,

    power and solidarity

    how listeners interpret talk and draw

    inferences from it about the ongoing


  • Sociolinguistics vs.

    The sociology of language

    When in the late 60's sociolinguistics first

    developed as an academic field of study, two

    names used interchangeably were given to

    this still incipient discipline:

    Sociolinguistics and Sociology of language

  • Sociolinguistics vs.

    The sociology of language

  • Sociolinguistics vs.

    The sociology of language

  • Sociolinguistics vs.

    The sociology of language

  • Sociolinguistics vs.

    The sociology of language

  • Sociolinguistics vs.

    The sociology of language

  • Sociolinguistics vs.

    The sociology of language

  • Sociolinguistics vs.

    The sociology of language

  • Language & Society

  • The social study of Language

  • The social study of Language

  • Language & Society