SociolinguisticsWelcome to the postgraduate Sociolinguistics course 2015COURSE DESCRIPTIONSociolinguistics is concerned with the investigation of the relationships between linguistic phenomena and human social organization and social life. This course focuses on the central theoretical approaches to the study of language and society that have developed over the last five decades: variational sociolinguistics, the ethnography of communication, and interactional sociolinguistics. These will be explored through the accounts provided in the textbook (Wardhaugh: Sociolinguistics ) and through other chapters and influential scholarly papers that exemplify the goals and methods of these approaches. In addition, a variety of other topics will be covered, including the development of pidgins and creoles, multilingualism, globalization and language status, language choice, and aspects of language and culture.Although most of the language data considered in this course will be drawn from the English language and British and American cultures, the sociolinguistics of other languages and cultures, including Arabic, will also be examined.Prerequisites: Students enrolled in this course must have taken an introductory linguistics course before the start of the course.ObjectivesThe course is designed to:increase students' awareness of the ways that language and social contexts interact and develop their ability to explain some of these interactions to other people both other linguists and the general public.increase students' understanding of concepts, terminology, and research paradigms which are important in understanding sociolinguistic work. strengthen students' ability to apply sociolinguistic principles and research in teaching, translation, workplace, and everyday situations. give students practice with some analytical techniques in sociolinguistic work allow students to focus more detailed attention on a single sociolinguistic topic. investigate intersections between the linguistic theory students already know, new concepts from sociolinguistic theory, and social theory.learn how to recognize and isolate the sociolinguistic variable, and study the external and internal pressures that affect its occurrence. See how the use of linguistic forms interact with key social categories such as socio-economic status, gender and age, and individual-level factors.recognize variation as a natural part of language. Develop skills for finding the linguistic variation in all levels of the grammar.Investigate the relationship between social structure and language attitudes gain familiarity with the terminology, methods, and literature of sociolinguistics develop skills for critiquing both sociolinguistic literature and common language attitudes.
Most of the language data will be drawn from the English language and American as well as English cultures, The module will also examine the Sociolinguistics of other languages and cultures, mainly Arabic.
Required TextsWardhaugh, R. 1986, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, Oxford: Basil Blackwell
Wardhaugh, Ronald. 2010. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics (6th ed.) Malden, MA and Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell
Bell, Allan (2014). The Guidebook to Sociolinguistics. Malden,MA: Wiley Blackwell.Selected readings from articles available through students' own research abilities and the university library.
course contentsSessions/ LecturesTopicsWeek 1 An Introduction to SociolinguisticsThe Scientific Investigation of LanguageRelationship between language and societySociolinguistics and sociology of linguisticsWeek 2Language and DialectRegister and StyleWeek 3Pidgin and Creole- An IntroductionTheories of origin of pidgin to CreoleWeek 4Language Diversity and Speech CommunitiesBilingualism and MultilingualismDimensions, Manifestations and Effects of BilingualismWeek 5Diaglossia and Bilingualism Language Choice: Domain TheoryCode choice: Code-switching, Code-mixingWeek 6BorrowingDifference between Code-switching and BorrowingSocial Factors involved in Code-switching and BorrowingWeek 7
Variation and ChangeRegional VariationRelating Linguistic Variation to Social VariationWeek 8Presentations & Mid Term ExaminationWeek 9Language, Culture and ThoughtLinguistic and Cultural relativityLanguage and ThoughtThe Sapir-Whorf HypothesisWeek 10Social Functions of LanguageSolidarity and PolitenessTu and VousAddress TermsWeek 11Presentations Week 12Presentations Discussion on AssignmentsWeek 13Language and Gender 1Male-Female Language DifferencesLanguage and Gender 2Linguistic inequalityWeek 14Discourse AnalysisPower and Ideology in LanguageWeek 15StereotypesAnalysing Discourse- News ArticleNew, National and International Englishes Week 16Ethnography and Ethno-methodologyConversational StyleAsymmetrical TalkRevisionEvaluation Evaluation will be based on individual and group quizzes, applications, 1 small research project and a final exam. Graduate students are expected to also complete 2 article reviews in the field of sociolinguistics.Evaluation:20%Class participation and quizes 10%Presentations on sociolinguistics topics 20% Final Paper and articles.50% final exam
N.B. The instructor reserves the right to make slight modifications to the schedule as necessary. However, you will be advised well in advance of any changes.
References:Bell, A. (1984) Language style as audience design. In Coupland, N. and A. Jaworski (1997, eds.) Sociolinguistics: a reader and coursebook, pp. 240-50. New York: St. Martins Press Inc.Bell, A. (2007) Style and the linguistic repertoire. In Llamas, Carmen, Mullany, Louise, and Stockwell, Peter (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics, pp. 95-100. London: Routledge.Chambers, J.K. (2002) Sociolinguistic Theory. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Cheshire, Jenny. (2004) Sex and Gender in Variationist Research. In Chambers, J.K., Trudgill, Peter, and Schilling-Estes, Natalie (eds.) The Handbook of Language Variation and Change, pp. 423-443. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Coulmas, Florian. (2001) Sociolinguistics. In Aronoff, Mark and Rees-Miller, Janie (eds.) The Handbook of Linguistics, pp. 563-581. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Coupland, N. (2001) Language, situation and the relational self: theorizing dialect-style in sociolinguistics. In P. Eckert and J. Rickford (eds) Style and Sociolinguistic Variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 185-210.Eckert, Penelope. (2004.) The meaning of style. in Wai-Fong Chiang, Elaine Chun, Laura Mahalingappa, Siri Mehus eds. Salsa 11. Texas Linguistics Forum. 47Eckert, P. (1998) Gender and sociolinguistic variation. In Coates, J. (ed.) Language and Gender: a reader. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, pp. 64-75.Fasold, R. (1993) Address Forms, The sociolinguistics of language, ch 1. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, pp. 1-38.Gal, S. (1978) Peasant men cant get wives: language change and sex roles in a bilingual community, Language in Society, 7(1), pp. 1-16.Hazen, K., Hamilton, S. and Vacovsky, S. (2011) The fall of demonstrative them: evidence from Appalachia. English World-Wide 32:1, pp. 74-103.Labov, W. (1972a) The linguistic consequences of being a lame, Language in the inner city, ch. 7. Philadelphia: U Pennsylvania, pp. 255-292.Labov, W. (1972b) The social stratification of (r) in New York City department stores. In Sociolinguistic Patterns. Philadelphia: U Pennsylvania, pp. 43-69.Labov, W. (1972c) The study of language in its social context. In Giglioli, P.P. (ed.) Language and Social Context. Harmondsworth: Penguin, pp. 283-98.Llamas, Carmen. (2007) Age. In Llamas, Carmen, Mullany, Louise, and Stockwell, Peter (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics, pp. 69-76. London: Routledge.Milroy, James. (2007) The ideology of the standard language. In Llamas, Carmen, Mullany, Louise, and Stockwell, Peter (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics, pp. 133-139. London: Routledge.
Milroy, J. and Milroy, L. (1978) Belfast: Change and variation in an urban vernacular. In P. Trudgill, (ed.), Sociolinguistic patterns in British English. London: Edward Arnold, pp. 19-36.
Preston, D.R. (1986) Five visions of America. Language in Society, 15(2), pp. 221-240.Purnell, T., Idsardi, W., and Baugh, J. (1999) Perceptual and phonetic experiments on American English dialect identification, Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 18(1), pp. 10-30.Rickford, J.R. and Rickford, R.J. (2000) History. Spoken Soul: the story of Black English. New York: John Wiley and Sons, pp. 129-160.
Roberts, Julie. (2004) Child language variation. In Chambers, J.K., Trudgill, Peter, and Schilling-Estes, Natalie (eds.) The Handbook of Language Variation and Change, pp. 333-348. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Sankoff, Gillian & Blondeau, Hlene (2007). Language change across the lifespan: /r/ in Montreal French. Language 83:3, pp. 560-588.Smitherman, G. (1998) Ebonics, King, and Oakland: Some folk dont believe fat meat is greasy, Journal of English Linguistics, 26(2), pp. 97-107.Trudgill, Peter. Introducing Language and Society, London: Penguin. 1992.London: Routledge.) 11th Chapter of the Text Book
Tuten, Donald N. (2007) Koineization. In Llamas, Carmen, Mullany, Louise, and Stockwell, Peter (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Sociolinguistics, pp. Wolfram, W. (1998a) Language ideology and dialect: understanding the Ebonics controversy. Journal of English Linguistics, 26(2), pp. 108-121.Wolfram, W. (1998b) Scrutinizing linguistic gratuity: issues from the field, Journal of Sociolinguistics, 2(2), pp. 271-279.Wolfram, W., and Schilling-Estes, N. (1998) American English, ch. 4. Dialects in the US: past, present, and future. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, pp. 90-123.
Language is all around you. It can make you laugh, makeyou cry, convey your emotions, make thin