Solidarity in Sociolinguistics

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2. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 5 3. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 4 4. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 3 5. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 2 6. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 7. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Solidarity Retno Apriliyanti apriliyantiretno89@gmail.com 8. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 9. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Social Relationship Speaker And Listener 10. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 11. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Historical Relation 12. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> The use of Tu and Vous Asymmetrical T/V usage symbolized a power relationship 13. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Symmetrical Symmetrical Use Symmetrical V usage became polite usage, spreading downwards in society. It was used, for instance, between wife and husband, parents and children and lovers Symmetrical T usage showed intimacy. People using this for had strong common interests, showed solidarity. Symmatrical T - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Symmatical VChange 14. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 15. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Javanese People have several addressing for her wife/husband Such as; Raden = Raden Ayu, Nimas = Pangeran, etc. 16. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Addressing Parents 17. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> The alteration based on Savoir-vivre en French (Vigner: 1978) 18. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 19. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 20. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> The grammar of English names Three word-classes: Title (Mr, Prof, ) Given name (John, Mary) Family name (Holdsworth, Smith, etc) Title (Mr) Given (John) Family (Smith) 21. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> T G F Professor Christopher Holdsworth Professor Holdsworth Christopher /Chris Christopher /Chris Holdsworth Doctor (ok for some titles) Holdsworth NB: old-fashioned Professor Chris Possible combinations: 22. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Is the formality of the setting relevant? Is the kinship relation or other social relationship relevant? Is age or generation relevant in selecting the appropriate form? Is relative status or rank relevant in selecting an appropriate term? Is the gender of the speakers relevant? What contextual elements influence the form used? 23. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> The sociolinguistics of English names Sex (Mr/Mrs; John/Mary) The Solidarity hierarchy The Power hierarchy 24. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Solidarity relations to a: Stranger Acquaintance Friend/relative 25. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Power relations to a: Superior Equal Subordinate 26. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> To a close equal: a young friend 27. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> To a close equal: an old friend 28. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> To an even closer equal 29. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> To a close subordinate: a child 30. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Even more subordinate: a pet 31. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> To equal acquaintances 32. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> To a superior stranger 33. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> What name do you use? To superior stranger : TF (Mr Smith) To subordinate relative : G (John) To superior relative : T (Dad) To equal acquaintance : G To superior acquaintance : ? 34. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Inequality reigns salesperson is subordinate to customer dentist is superior to patient teacher is superior to student 35. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 36. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Power Semantic Symmetrical Use Symmetrical V usage became polite usage, spreading downwards in society. It was used, for instance, between wife and husband, parents and children and lovers Symmetrical T usage showed intimacy. People using this for had strong common interests, showed solidarity. 37. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> Does naming matter? To the hearer: To the speaker: A wrong choice can offend or hurt. Decisions are difficult. The better you speak English, the more a wrong choice will offend. 38. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> vary with the nature of the relationship between speakers reciprocal use of first names generally signifies an informal intimate relationship title and last name used reciprocally indicates a more formal or businesslike relationship between individuals of roughly equal status nonreciprocal use of first names and titles is reserved for speakers who recognize a marked difference in status between themselves this status can be a function of age (as when a child refers to her mother's friend as Mrs Miller and is in returned referred to as Sally) or it can be along occupational lines as when as person refers to his boss by title and last name and is in return addressed as John Forms of address 39. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 1 40. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 2 41. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 3 42. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 5 43. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 6 44. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >> 45. >> 0 >> 1 >> 2 >> 3 >> 4 >>