Sociolinguistics. Difference between dialectology and sociolinguistics?

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  • Sociolinguistics

  • SociolinguisticsDifference between dialectology and sociolinguistics?

  • SociolinguisticsDifference between dialectology and sociolinguistics?

    Dialectolology focuses on variation across space

  • Variation across space

  • Variation across spaceYard saleGarage saleRummage saleTag sale

  • Variation across spacecr[I]kcr[i]k or cr[I]kcr[i]k

  • SociolinguisticsConsiders variation across space and

  • SociolinguisticsConsiders variation across space andAgeGenderEducationOccupationReligionEthnicitySocial situation

  • SociolinguisticsWhat kinds of variation?PhoneticLexicalSyntacticMorphological

  • SociolinguisticsVariation is also due to linguistic factorsFrequencySurrounding words-collocatesPhonetic contextSemantic contextSyntactic context

  • Where can you get data?Google? Blogs? Hard to know sociolinguistic factors of writers or phonetic details

  • Where can you get data?Google? Blogs? Hard to know sociolinguistic factors of writers or phonetic detailsRadio, TV, Podcasts?Hard to know sociolinguistic factors

  • Where can you get data?Google? Blogs? Hard to know sociolinguistic factors of writers or phonetic detailsRadio, TV, Podcasts?Hard to know sociolinguistic factorsButThe Queen's EnglishOprahSay Yes to the Dress

  • Where can you get data?Dialect maps?Spacial variation mainly

  • Where can you get data?Get your ownInterviewsOnline surveysPhone calls (Telsur)Covert observations NO!Door-to-door

  • Where can you get data?Door to door in Utah County

  • Where can you get data?Door to door in Utah CountySurvey questionsIn what building does a farmer keep his animalsName the days of the weekWhat is the term for a sweetened carbonated beverage?If you had to say theres a difference, whats the difference between a bag and a sack?What do you say when people say thank you to you?

  • Where can you get data?

  • Where can you get data?ElicitationWhere are the moun'ains in Utah?Your homework replicates this

  • Where are the moun'ains in Utah?People read a letter:Dear Mom,I know it's been a while since I've written. In the last letter I told you about the kitten I found that looked like it hadn't eaten for a month. Well, it's living in my apartment now. He was in pretty bad shape, and looks like he'd been beaten and was pretty frightened of people at first. I've named him Keaton and my goal is to fatten him up a bit and show him people aren't so bad.

  • Where are the moun'ains in Utah?It's not t-droppingGlottal stops for /t/ are standard in USIt is whether glottal stop is released orally or nasally[khn] versus [khn]

  • Where are the moun'ains in Utah?[fran]

  • Where are the moun'ains in Utah?[fawn]

  • Where are the moun'ains in Utah?How do you get the spectrograms?Another tool-PRAAT

  • Where are the moun'ains in Utah?ParticipantsMales and femalesAges 12-7735 Utahns and 21non-Utahns

  • Where are the moun'ains in Utah?

  • Where are the moun'ains in Utah?Homework assignment

  • Interviews-Open topicDeletion of -s (he say, two car) in Detroit AAVE

  • Interviews-Open topic

  • Formal vs. informal contexts/r/ deletion in NYCObserving conversation with friendsObserving conversation with othersReading a passageReading words from a listReading minimal pairs (pock, park)

  • Macro sociolinguisticsNot focused on variation (micro) but on society and languageHow does society treat the language?In US English is more prestigious than SpanishIn Paraguay Spanish is more prestigious than GuaraniLanguage contactDoes it lead to change? (Balkanization)Role of bilingualism, or lack thereof

  • Macro sociolinguisticsLanguage deathPractical reasonsGovernment policySocial prestigeWhich language is official? (Canada, Switzerland)Language revitalizationLanguage and culture/nationalitySerbian and CroatianUrdu and HindiBasque, Catalan, Frisian