Reading and the Brain

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Reading and the Brain. A Users Guide Grades 7-12. Developed by Ida Hatley, Judith Lerner, and Sara Buckerfield. Why am I here?. Shouldnt I already know how to read by now? How can I be smart and still have a hard time with reading? Why is it twice as long as a regular English class? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT DESIGNED FOR THE LANGUAGE! TEACHER

Reading and the BrainA Users GuideGrades 7-12

Developed by Ida Hatley, Judith Lerner, and Sara Buckerfield1Why am I here?Shouldnt I already know how to read by now?How can I be smart and still have a hard time with reading?Why is it twice as long as a regular English class?Why does the teacher want me to read the same words over and over?Why do some of the activities seem like theyre for little kids?Why should I do it?Has anyone with a big reading problem ever been a success?

2You are not alone.About one in every four students in middle school and high school has a difficult time reading and understanding their books.

3Cambium Learning, Inc.Scientists have been working to understand why some students cant read well.

4Cambium Learning, Inc.

5In the old days people figured out what different parts of the brain did by using a system like this.

(actually I just thought it was a really cool picture. Im not sure what they are really studying) Cambium Learning, Inc.

6Cambium Learning, Inc.This is an fMRI machine.

Scientists use it to see how the brains of different people work when they are reading.7Cambium Learning, Inc.The test doesnt hurt and there are no needles or side effects.

8Cambium Learning, Inc.This is an fMRI image of the brain of a good reader reading words.

Arrows point to the red parts of the brain that are working the hardest.

9Cambium Learning, Inc.

Because of the new fMRI technology, scientists have discovered that the brains of struggling readers and the brains of strong readers work differently.

10Cambium Learning, Inc.These differences DO NOT have anything to do with intelligenceor a hole or defect in the structure of the brain.

11Cambium Learning, Inc.

The brains of good readers and struggling readers both look structurally normal.

The differences are in the way the brain communicates.

12Cambium Learning, Inc.Warning!The next slides are not of fMRI images--instead theyre really actual human brains!

13Cambium Learning, Inc.These parts are working when a good reader is reading:

word analysis areaword form areaword analysis area14Cambium Learning, Inc.This part is doing most of the work when a struggling reader is reading:

word analysis area15Cambium Learning, Inc.

Furthermore, struggling readers use different circuits and pathways to read. The wrong part of the brain tries to do the job of reading. So it takes the person much longer to read!

16After we see or hear a word, the rest of the brain gets involved. What are we doing? Making connections in the brain! Cambium Learning, Inc.Struggling Readers ChecklistReading is hard and rarely fun.Spelling is terrible.Handwriting might be sloppy.Answering the questions after you read is really difficult.Reading out loud in class is your worse nightmare.

Whats a student to do?17Cambium Learning, Inc.PRACTICE READING!fMRI brain images show that the brain learns by practicing. It can actually get rewired!The same way you practice to:learn a dance move kick a soccer ball play a musical instrumentshoot a basketball

18Cambium Learning, Inc.With the right intervention class and practice, your brain begins working all the right parts!

So roll up your sleeves and get to work!19Cambium Learning, Inc. And Remember to Hug Your Teacher!Teachers can do what neurosurgeons cannot by causing neural systems to become altered and more effective by the correct application of evidence-based intervention programs.--Sally Shaywitz, M.DSpring, 2006

20Cambium Learning, Inc.

What are the parts of the Language! reading program?

21Cambium Learning, Inc.Phonemic AwarenessRecognition of sounds in wordsManipulation of sounds in words Even in high school, phonemic awareness must be present for a student to read well.

Watch Phonemic Awareness in Action:www.teachlanguage.com/PA_drills/Password: language22Cambium Learning, Inc.PhonicsThe link between the sound and the letter.Failure to understand the link between sound and letter is the most robust predictor of reading failure.

23Cambium Learning, Inc.DecodingThe ability to sound out wordsAllows a person to read any unfamiliar word, not only words that have been memorized.

Note: The brain can not hold in memory all of the words in English.24Cambium Learning, Inc.Fluency TrainingFluency is the speed and accuracy in which you read.To improve in fluency you have to practice.A LOT!

Speed Matters!25Cambium Learning, Inc.More parts of LANGUAGE!Spelling VocabularyGrammarReading ComprehensionSpeaking Writing

26Cambium Learning, Inc.Thats a lot of activities...thats why Language! takes up so much of your school time every day.

27Cambium Learning, Inc.There are lots of famous and successful people who have struggled with reading.

You might have heard of some of them...28Cambium Learning, Inc.Albert Einstein: Regarded as the most important scientist of the 20th century

29Cambium Learning, Inc.Thomas Edison:

American inventor and businessman

30Cambium Learning, Inc.Nelson Rockefeller: Businessman, Governor of New York and Vice-President of the United States

31Cambium Learning, Inc.Pablo Picasso: Artist

32Cambium Learning, Inc.Edward James Olmos:

Actor

33Cambium Learning, Inc.Magic Johnson: Basketball superstar

34Cambium Learning, Inc.Carl Lewis: Track and field athlete

35Cambium Learning, Inc.John Lennon:

Singer for The Beatles

36Cambium Learning, Inc.Whoopi Goldberg: Actress and comedian

37Cambium Learning, Inc.Jewel: Singer and poet

38Cambium Learning, Inc.Tom Cruise: Film actor and producer

39Cambium Learning, Inc.Jay Leno: Comedian

40Cambium Learning, Inc.Dav Pilkey: Childrens book author

41Cambium Learning, Inc.You WILL learn to be a better reader!

You can get thereit just takes longer.

Language! will help.

42Cambium Learning, Inc.ReferencesShaywitz, S. (2003). Overcoming dyslexia: A new and complete science-based program for reading problems at any level. New York: Random House.Wolfe, P. & Nevills, P. (2004). Building the reading brain, preK-3. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press. Greene, J.F. (2005) LANGUAGE! The Comprehensive Literacy Curriculum. Longmont, Colorado: Sopris West.

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