Proteins $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100

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Slide 2 Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 Proteins Slide 8 Slide 9 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Water Elements CarbosLipids Slide 10 1-100 Slide 11 1-100A 1 - 100 Atoms Slide 12 1-200 Slide 13 1-200A 1 - 100 Ions Slide 14 1-300 Slide 15 1-300A 1 - 100 Covalent Slide 16 1-400 Slide 17 1-400A 1 - 100 Ionic Slide 18 1-500 Slide 19 1-500A 1 - 100 Carbon Slide 20 2-100 1 - 100 Slide 21 2-100A 1 - 100 Water Slide 22 2-200 Slide 23 2-200A 1 - 100 Polar Slide 24 2-300 Slide 25 2-300A 1 - 100 Hydrogen Bonds Slide 26 2-400 Slide 27 2-400A 1 - 100 Cohesion Slide 28 2-500 Slide 29 2-500A 1 - 100 1. Coolant / Evaporation - aids body cooling. 2. High specific heat - bodies of water stay constant temp. 3. Transport/Universal Solvent - polarity - dissolves many substances. 4. Habitat: Major component of internal (organism) & external environments. 5. Cohesion supports animal weight. 6. Adhesion (capillary action) pulls water up plants. 7. Low density of ice - protects life beneath it. Slide 30 3-100 1 - 100 Slide 31 3-100A 1 - 100 Monosaccharides Slide 32 3-200 Slide 33 3-200A 1 - 100 Glucose Fructose Ribose Deoxyribose Slide 34 3-300 Slide 35 3-300A 1 - 100 Sucrose Lactose Maltose Slide 36 3-400 Slide 37 3-400A400A 1 - 100 Plant starch (Amylose) Glycogen Cellulose Chitin Pectin Slide 38 3-500 Slide 39 3-500A 1 - 100 1)Energy source of all cells - GlucoseEnergy source of all cells - Glucose 2) Energy storage (plants) - Starch (amylose) 3) Energy storage (animals) - Glycogen 4) Gelling agent - Pectin 5) Arthropod exoskeletons - Chitin 6) Cell walls of plants - Cellulose Slide 40 4-100 1 - 100 Slide 41 4-100A 1 - 100 3 Fatty acids Glycerol Slide 42 4-200 Slide 43 4-200A 1 - 100 Saturated Fatty Acid Slide 44 4-300 Slide 45 4-300A 1 - 100 Phospholipids Slide 46 4-400 Slide 47 4-400A 1 - 100 Testosterone Estrogen Cholesterol Progesterone Chortisone Slide 48 4-500 Slide 49 4-500A 1 - 100 1)Long-term energy storage - fats & oils 2)Water-proofing - waxes 3)Buoyancy - fats & oils 4)Chemical messengers - steroids 5)Lipid bilayers of cell membranes- Phospholipids Slide 50 5-100 1 - 100 Slide 51 5-100A 1 - 100 Amino Acids Slide 52 5-200 Slide 53 5-200A 1 - 100 Peptide Bond Slide 54 5-300 Slide 55 5-300A 1 - 100 Amino Group Slide 56 5-400 Slide 57 5-400A 1 - 100 Denaturation Slide 58 5-500 Slide 59 5-500A 1 - 100 1)Enzyme catalysis - Amylase,Enzyme catalysis - Amylase, Proteases or Pectinase 2) Body defense - Antibodies 3) Transport - Hemoglobin 4) Motion - Actin or Myosin 5) Structure/support - Collagen 6) Regulation/ communication - Insulin or Adrenaline Slide 60 1 - 100 6- 100 Slide 61 6-100A100A 1 - 100 Catalyst Slide 62 6-200 Slide 63 6-200A 1 - 100 1) Lower activation energy. 2) Flex or twist to break bonds. 3) Bring substrates together. Slide 64 6-300 Slide 65 6-300A 1 - 100 Noncompetitive Inhibition (Allosteric Inhibition) Slide 66 6-400 Slide 67 6-400A 1 - 100 Competitive Inhibition Slide 68 6-500 Slide 69 6-500A 1 - 100 Temperature pH Enzyme Concentration Substrate Concentration Slide 70 Slide 71 Slide 72 Slide 73 Slide 74 Slide 75 Daily Double Round 1

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