INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE FICTION Prof. Myrna Monllor Jim©nez copyright © Myrna Monllor Jim©nez 2008 Prof. Myrna Monllor Jim©nez copyright © Myrna Monllor

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  • INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE FICTIONProf. Myrna Monllor Jimnezcopyright Myrna Monllor Jimnez 2008

  • Balance (1989)

  • Definitionbased on scientifically-established or postulated laws of nature.

    Explore alternate possibilities to a scientific problem.

  • Subgenres: Hard Science FictionBased on physics, astrophysics, chemistry Accurately predict how technology can change the world1998

  • Subgenres: Soft Science FictionBased on psychology, economics, political science, anthropology

    2006

  • Subgenres: CyberpunkBlade Runner 1982

  • Other subgenres

    Military Science Fiction

    Superhuman

    Apocalyptic

    Space Opera/ Space Western

  • BackgroundMary Shelleys Frankenstein

  • 19th Century WritersJules VerneJourney to the Center of the Earth 20,000 Leagues Under the SeaPredicted underwater and space travel

  • H. G. Wells The Time Machine The Island of Dr. Moreau The War of the WorldsAnticipated sexual freedom and eugenics

  • 20th Century WritersGeorge OrwellBig Brother is watching you Concerned about totalitarian states, and with the loss of personal freedom Opposed to fascist and capitalist states

  • Aldous HuxleyBrave New World Anticipates developments in reproductive technology, eugenics, mind control

    Presented a world where history was prohibited

    Critical of Henry Fords assembly line and his assertion that History is bunk.

  • Isaac Asimov I RobotArthur C. Clarke2001 Space OdysseyKurt VonnegutSlaughterhouse-fiveHarrison BergeronRay Bradbury The Martian ChroniclesFahrenheit 451

  • The First Science Fiction FilmsA Trip to the MoonGeorges Melies1902

  • A Trip to the Moonhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4mat81O5ajs

  • The First Science Fiction Films1927

  • The First Science Fiction Films

  • Science Fiction Films of the 1950s

  • The Day the Earth Stood Still(1951)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OfpSXI8_UpY

  • Plan 9 from Outer Space1956

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u2ukRYsYPmo

  • Science Fiction Films of the 60s the Cold War fear of nuclear destruction space wars

  • Planet of the Apes (1968)

  • Stanley Kubrick2001 Space Odyssey (1968)Dr. Strangelove (1964)A Clockwork Orange (1971)

  • KubrickMade thought provoking stories

    Showed spectacular space imagery

    Used Pioneering technical effects

    Introduced the first killer computer, Hal

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cWnmCu3U09w

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S6umxthz1Ys

    OpeningEnding

  • 2001 Space OdysseyBeginning

  • 2001 Space OdysseyEndinghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AXS8P0HksQo

  • George Lucas Created a modern myth and unforgettable characters Used innovative special effects

  • Steven SpielbergVisually poetic imagesExtra-terrestrial intelligenceBenevolent extra-terrestrials

  • Humor in Science FictionSleeper (1973)Mars Attack (1996)Men in Black (1996)

  • Sleeper(1973)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Isrd7E5nzIQ

  • CHARACTERISTICSTime displacement into a technological futurewhere some current tendencies of our culturehave become dominant.The Fifth Element

  • Sometimes present a seemingly utopian social situation that is really dystopian in nature

    The Stepford Wives (1975)Minority Report (2002)

  • Many are pessimistic and critical in their vision of the way scientific achievement will affect social progress or individual happinessThe Cell (2000)

  • Many present a clean, sterile worldor the oppositea world ravaged by death or destruction.

    Blade Runner (1982)Gattaca (1997)

  • Recent Sci-fi Films

  • Some are action/adventure films or stories.

    The Matrix (1999)

  • Present the unforeseen consequences of technology

    2001 Space Odyssey (1968)I Robot (2004)

  • In the stories science has become a monster that has overpowered human beingsBrave New World (1998)Gattaca (1997)

  • Some deal with space travel, space wars, or time travel. Newer stories and films deal with cybernetics and virtual reality.

    eXistenz (1999)

  • Must See Science Fiction FilmsMetropolisBlade Runner2001 Space OdysseyStar WarsAlienThe Day the Earth Stood StillWALL-EThe TerminatorPlanet of the ApesE.T.SolarisClose Encounters of the Third KindA Trip to the MoonChildren of Menhttp://totalscifionline.com/features/3809-the-100-greatest-sci-fi-movies

    German award winning 1989 animation.*This story is about a paranoid mathematician who suffers from extreme headaches caused by an incident in his childhood where he looked at the sun for a long time. With the help of his computer he has been trying to find a number that would unravel the mysteries of the universe. Before crashing, his computer gives him a 216 digit number which he cant understand. Through his meetings with different people, he discovers that the Jews believe that The Torah is based on a 216 string of numbers that would explain a code sent from God. *An undercover agent of the future becomes involved with a Substance D drug, losing his identity in the process.*Deals with information technology, dystopian societies, prosthetics. Refers to a visual look.Blade Runner is a critically acclaimed film directed by Ridley Scott set in Los Angeles in 2019. Humans have created replicants, robots that look and act like humans, who have been banned from Earth and are used in off-world colonies. Some replicants have returned to Earth (uprising) and the blade runners are sent to capture and destroy them. The film covers a variety of themes, one of them being what it means to be human.*Published 1818*Both Jules Verne and HG Wells presented optimistic views of a future world.**Eugenics is a social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary traits through various forms of interventionGeorge Orwells books are mostly political in nature. His other very famous book is Animal Farm. Another well-known phrase from his books is "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others"*Brave New World presents a world where humans are conditioned to hold the values of the state. Society is divided into castes. Children are created in laboratories. Higher caste babies are allowed to develop normally while lower castes are chemically treated so that their intellectual and physical growth is impaired. It is a society where the concept of marriage and family is considered criminal, where consumption is promoted, and where sex is recreational.*Metropolis 1927, Director Fritz Lang, (German). Notice that the film has many elements that are of common use in science fiction: the division of society in castes, the mad scientist, the android, the view of the city of the future, the mechanization of society.***