CRICOS No. 00213J

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Preventing workplace AOD impairment: using theory and evidence to inform programme implementation. Tamzyn Davey , Rod McClure, Jeremy Davey, James Freeman Safety 2010 World Conference, Thursday 23 rd September, 11:30am, Westminster Suite . CRICOS No. 00213J. Definitions. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of CRICOS No. 00213J

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CRICOS No. 00213JPreventing workplace AOD impairment: using theory and evidence to inform programme implementationTamzyn Davey, Rod McClure, Jeremy Davey, James FreemanSafety 2010 World Conference, Thursday 23rd September, 11:30am, Westminster Suite DefinitionsAODs = alcohol and/or other illicit drugs (marijuana, amphetamines, cocaine, & heroin)Workplace AOD impairment = using alcohol and or other illicit drugs before or during work (includes hangover at work) OutlineContext PhD research programmeBackground workplace impairmentFindingsUtility of Theory of Planned BehaviourRelationship between employee AOD use and workplace impairmentImplications for workplace policy and programmesBackground & ContextAODs problem in workplace because affects coordination & judgement - injury/property damageAustralian industries obligated under OHS legislation to ensure workers safety - implementation workplace AOD policies to avoid culpabilities for AOD-related injury/deathPhD research programmeEvaluating process and impact of workplace AOD policy in state-wide industry in Australia, to reduce impairment and prevent injury

FindingsParticipants: 1163 employees (98% response rate) from 12 sites across Queensland, AustraliaData: survey pre-AOD policy implementation eliciting employee:DemographicsKnowledgeBehavioural IntentionsDeterrenceAOD useSelf-reported behaviourFindings Behavioural Intentions and BehaviourTheory of Planned Behaviour (TpB)AttitudesSubjective NormsBehaviourIntentionsPerceived Behavioural ControlUtility of the TpB in this contextPredictorsORsCIsAttitudes1.420.762.66Subjective Norms3.211.367.54Perceived Behaviour Control2.001.312.92PredictorORsCIsBehavioural Intentions11.287.3617.29Table: The predictors of behavioural intentionsTable: Predicting behaviourTable. Coming to work impaired by AODs, and alcohol use (males)Dont work impairedHave worked impairedTotalChi-square SigAlcohol use (males)AUDITNot harmfulN45044494p < .001%91.1%8.9% (-)100%HarmfulN20552257%79.8%20.2%100%Indicates dependencyN5448102%52.9%47.1% (+)100%Table. Coming to work impaired by AODs, and cannabis useDont work impairedHave worked impairedTotalChi-squareSigCannabis useNever usedN63677713p < .001%89.2%10.8% (-)100%Used more than year agoN27056326%82.8%17.2%100%Used within last yearN311950%62.0%38.0% (+)100%Used within last monthN11819%57.9%42.1% (+)100%Used within last weekN9817%52.9%47.1% (+)100%Used within last 24 hoursN639%66.7%33.3%100%InterpretationNot surprising: high levels of drinking or using drugs (esp dependency) would mean coming to work impaired, more likelyBut, contrary to literature on workplace AOD impairmentImplicationsTpBUnderstanding mechanism by which behaviour change occurs in context of workplace AOD impairmentTargeting TpB constructs may improve impact of workplace programmes in reducing AOD impairmentAOD useReducing general levels of drinking & drug use likely to result in reduction of workplace AOD impairmentThank

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