Text of 5 Themes of geography Hubbard High School. What are the five themes? 1. Tools geographer’s use to...
5 Themes of geography Hubbard High School
What are the five themes? 1. Tools geographers use to study features on earth. 2.Location 2. Place 2. Movement 2. Region 2. Human Environment Interaction
Location Describes where places are at on earth. 2. Types of Location: 3. ABSOLUTE: exact location on earth (fixed) Doesnt change 4. Latitude/Longitude 4. Hemispheres 4. Grid System 4. Address 3. RELATIVE: compared to other places (variable) Changes dependent upon where youre comparing it to. 4. Miles 4. Distance 4. Direction
Absolute Location Examples: Rome is located at 41 N, 12 E Argentina is located in the southern hemisphere Ecuador is located in Tropic of Cancer. LNE is located in Lincoln, NE.
Relative Location Examples: Rome is located near the Mediterranean Sea. Argentina is near Brazil. Ecuador is south of Mexico. Lincoln is 50 miles from Omaha.
Place 2. A place is defined by its unique characteristics. 3. Physical characteristics 3. Cultural characteristics
Physical Characteristics Specific to THAT place, not generic. The way a place looks. Created by nature. Mountains Rivers, Lakes, Seas Climate Vegetation Examples: Andes Mountains are in South America. Amazon River flows through Brazil. Pampas are located in Argentina. The isthmus of Panama connects Central & South America.
Cultural Characteristics Specific to THAT place, not generic. Peoples activities change the way a place looks or is represented. Man-made or invented. Language Unique buildings Religious Practices Celebrations/traditions/holidays Examples: Portuguese is the official language of Brazil. Many Mexicans are Catholic. Mayan ruins are located in Mexico. Cinco de Mayo is a national holiday in Mexico.
Movement 3. Places do not exist in isolation. 4. Interconnectedness of the world changes the way placeslook. Today: globalization 4. People, goods & ideas move from place to place. Examples Immigration from Latin America to US. War in Iraq (troops, supplies, ideas, people) UNL (people, ideas) Myspace, Facebook (ideas)
Region 3. The world is divided into different regions based upon similarities & differences. 4. Climate 4. Location 4. Beliefs 4. Languages 4. Ethnicity/Race 3. Types: 4. Formal 4. Functional 4. Perceptual/Vernacular
Formal Region Most common/familiar. Determined by the distribution of a uniform characteristic (physical or cultural) Location Climate Religion Examples Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama) Latin America (spanish-speaking nations) Tropics (countries located near equator)
Functional Region (aka Nodal Regions) Serves a purpose that affects places around it. Distributes goods/people Serves specific purpose Examples: Panama Canal Amazon River Basin Hollywood Havana, Cuba
Perceptual Region Groups of areas that provoke a certain stereotype or feeling. Examples: The Bronx The ghetto China town
HEI Human Environment Interaction The environment & people are interconnected. Consequences to those actions depend upon how people choose to interact with the world and use their resources. Positive/Negative Intentional/Accidental Favorable/Destructive
HEI 3. Current Environmental Issues: 4. Climate Change (global warming) 4. Energy Resources 4. Water Conservation 4. Deforestation
Assignments: BRING TO CLASS ON TUESDAY 9/16 ANSWER the following questions: What are the 5 themes of Geography? (use textbook or this ppt to make a list and take basic notes-what are 5 themes? List relevant human geography vocab within each theme) -due 9/16
Assignment-5 themes Organizer! What does each theme look like? Use the graphic organizer to visually represent each of the fives themes of geography. You may ONLY use words to label each circle. Your picture should clearly describe the theme. Be creative, and thoughtful.