2019 - Central Bank of Sri Lanka 2019-08-16آ  iii 1 Key Socio-economic indicatorS Sri Lanka – Country

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  • 2019

  • ii

    Printed at Central Bank Printing Press, 58, Sri Jayewardenepura Mawatha, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka. Published by Statistics Department

    Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 30, Janadhipathi Mawatha, Colombo 01, Sri Lanka.

    Central Bank of Sri Lanka Statistics Department

    Tel. : 2477579 Fax : 2477728 E-mail : dst@cbsl.lk Web site : http://www.cbsl.gov.lk

    Volume XLI

    ISSN 1391 - 3611

    ISBN 978 - 955 - 575 - 381 - 4

    July 2019

    Price : Rs. 300/-

  • iii

    1 Key Socio-economic indicatorS Sri Lanka – Country Profile 1

    1.1 Real Sector 2

    1.2 Agriculture and Industry 3

    1.3 Price and Wages 4

    1.4 Infrastructure 4

    1.5 External Sector 5

    1.6 Money and Interest Rates 6

    1.7 Money and Capital Markets 7

    1.8 Government Finance 8

    1.9 Financial Institutions 8

    Selected Socio-Economic Indicators – Graphical Illustrations 9

    2 climate 2.1 Mean Temperature 11

    2.2 Rainfall and Rainy Days – Hydro-Catchment Areas 11

    2.3 Rainfall and Rainy Days – Selected Stations 12

    2.4 Humidity 13

    3 PoPulation and labour Force 3.1 Population by District and Sector

    2001 and 2012 14

    3.2 Population by Religion and Ethnicity – Census Years 14

    3.3 Population by District, Religion and Ethnicity – 2012 Census 15

    3.4 Mid Year Population by Age Group 15

    3.5 Mid Year Population by Province and District 16

    3.6 Population Density 17

    3.7 Vital Statistics 17

    3.8 Crude Birth Rates and Death Rates by District 18

    3.9 Labour Force 19

    3.10 Employment 20

    3.11 Unemployment 21

    3.12 Public Sector Employment 22

    3.13 Migration for Foreign Employment 23

    3.14 Departures for Foreign Employment by Country 24

    3.15 Departures for Foreign Employment by Skill Level, Age Group and Gender 25

    3.16 Departures for Foreign Employment by District, Province and Gender 26

    (Continued)

    contentS

    4 national accountS 4.1 Summary of National Accounts 27

    4.2 GDP, GNI and Deflators (Factor Cost Prices) 1970 – 2018 28

    4.3 Gross Domestic Product at Constant Prices 1970 – 2018 29

    4.4 Gross Domestic Product at Current Prices 1970 – 2018 30

    4.5 Gross National Income by Industrial Origin at Constant (2010) Prices 31

    4.6 Gross National Income by Industrial Origin at Current Market Prices 32

    4.7 Composition of Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Prices 33

    4.8 Investment and Savings (Current Market Prices) 34

    4.9 Quarterly Estimates of GDP [at (2010) Constant Prices] 34

    4.10 Aggregate Demand 35

    4.11 Provincial Gross Domestic Product

    by Industrial Origin at Current Market Prices 36

    4.12 Provincial Gross Domestic Product by Industrial Origin at Current Market Prices – 2016 37

    4.13 Provincial Gross Domestic Product by Industrial Origin at Current Market Prices – 2017 39

    5 agriculture 5.1 Tea 41

    5.2 Rubber 42

    5.3 Coconut 43

    5.4 Minor Export Crops 44

    5.5 Paddy 45

    5.6 Subsidiary Food Crops 46

    5.7 Principal Crops by Province 47

    5.8 Agricultural Crops – Yields, Farmgate Prices and Costs of Cultivation – 2017 48

    5.9 Agricultural Crops – Yields, Farmgate Prices and Costs of Cultivation – 2018 49

    5.10 Fish and Livestock 50

    5.11 National Livestock Statistics by District – 2017 51

    5.12 National Livestock Statistics by District – 2018 51

    5.13 Livestock and Poultry – Average Producer Prices – 2017 52

    5.14 Livestock and Poultry – Average Producer Prices – 2018 52

    5.15 Fish Production 53

    5.16 Operating Fishing Craft by Province and Type 53

    5.17 Cultivation Loans – Refinance Credit Schemes 54

  • iv

    5.18 Plantation Sector – Manpower, Extent, Production and Yield 55

    5.19 Settlements and Land Cultivated under Mahaweli Programme 56

    6 induStry 6.1 Sugar 57

    6.2 Milk and Milk Products 57

    6.3 Textiles 58

    6.4 Petroleum 59

    6.5 Minerals 59

    6.6 Cement 60

    6.7 Electricity 60

    6.8 Gross Generation of Electricity by Power Stations – 2017 and 2018 61

    6.9 Electricity Sales by Province 62

    6.10 Water – Consumers, Consumption and Revenue by Province 63

    6.11 Board of Investment (BOI) Enterprises 65

    7 PriceS and WageS 7.1 Colombo Consumers’ Price Index (1952=100) 66

    7.2 Consumer Price Indices 67

    7.3 Consumer Price Indices – National Consumer Price Index 68

    7.4 Producer’s Price Index 68

    7.5 Average Retail Prices of Selected Consumer Items 69

    7.6 Average Retail Prices of Selected Food Items by Provinces 71

    7.7 Average Producer Prices of Selected Items 72

    7.8 Average Producer Prices of Selected Food Items by Provinces 73

    7.9 Retail Prices of Selected Food Items in Selected Districts – 2017 74

    7.10 Retail Prices of Selected Food Items in Selected Districts – 2018 75

    7.11 Nominal Wage Rate Indices 1965 – 2018 76

    7.12 Average Daily Wage Rates in Selected Activities 77

    7.13 Minimum Wage Rate Indices of Workers in Wages Board Trades 78

    7.14 Wage Rate Indices of Government Employees 79

    7.15 Wage Rate Indices of Informal Private Sector Employees 80

    7.16 All Island Average Wages in the Informal Sector – 2017 80

    contentS

    (Continued)

    7.17 All Island Average Wages in the Informal Sector – 2018 81

    7.18 Cost Indices for Construction 82

    8 external trade and Finance 8.1 Summary of External Trade 83

    8.2 Selected Exports 84

    8.3 Selected Imports 84

    8.4 Imports by Major Categories 85

    8.5 Direction of Trade – Exports 86

    8.6 Direction of Trade – Imports 87

    8.7 Central Bank Trade Indices – Volume 88

    8.8 Central Bank Trade Indices – Value 88

    8.9 Central Bank Trade Indices – Unit Value 89

    8.10 Exchange Rates – Year End 89

    8.11 Balance of Payments 90

    8.12 Workers’ Remittances 93

    8.13 Tourism 94

    8.14 External Debt and Debt Service Payments 95

    9 money and caPital marKetS 9.1 Reserve Money 96

    9.2 Money Supply 97

    9.3 Broad Money Supply (M2b) 98

    9.4 Interest Rates 99

    9.5 Government Debt Securities Market 100

    9.6 Share Market Indicators 101

    9.7 Share Trading Indicators by Business Sector 102

    9.8 Share Trading Indicators by Major Companies 106

    9.9 Share Issues 108

    10 government Finance 10.1 Summary of Fiscal Operations 109

    10.2 Functional Classification of Recurrent Expenditure 110

    10.3 Functional Classification of Capital Expenditure and Lending 110

    10.4 Government Revenue 111

    10.5 Central Government Domestic Debt 112

    10.6 Central Government Foreign Debt 113

    10.7 Revenue and Expenditure of Provincial Councils 114

  • v

    11 banKing and Financial inStitutionS 11.1 Assets and Liabilities of the Central Bank 115

    11.2 Selected Financial Highlights of Commercial Banks 116

    11.3 Assets and Liabilities of Commercial Banks 117

    11.4 Mobilization of Deposits by Type of Deposit 118

    11.5 Deposits of Commercial Banks by Ownership 118

    11.6 Commercial Banks’ Loans and Advances to the Private Sector 119

    11.7 Number of Bank Branches by Province 120

    11.8 Bank Branches and Banking Density by District 121

    11.9 Bank Branch Network 122

    11.10 Non-Bank Financial Institutions 123

    11.11 Unit Trusts 124

    11.12 Summary of Co-operative Rural Banks and Credit Societies 124

    12 tranSPortation 12.1 Road Network 125

    12.2 Road Kilometerage by Province and District – 2018 125

    12.3 Road Kilometerage by Province 126

    12.4 Motor Vehicles by Province 127

    12.5 New Registration of Motor Vehicles 128

    12.6 SLTB / Regional Bus Companies 128

    12.7 Sri Lanka Railways 129

    12.8 Aviation – SriLankan Airlines 130

    12.9 Port Services 130

    12.10 Selected Public Transport Indicators by Province 131

    13 Socio – economic ServiceS 13.1 National Level Findings of the

    Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) by Survey Period – Sri Lanka 132

    13.2 Average Monthly Household Expenditure on Selected Food/Non-Food Items by HIES Survey Period – Sri Lanka 133

    13.3 Poverty Indicators by Sector, Province and District 134

    13.4 Daily Average Dietary Energy Consumption per Person by Poverty Status, Sector, Province and District – 2012/13 and 2016 135

    13.5 Housing Conditions and Ownership of Durable Goods – 2009/10, 2012/13 and 2016 136

    13.6 Key Socio-Economic Indicators – 2009/10, 2012/13 and 2016 139

    13.7 General Education 142