1 Latin America Unit 3. 2 Physical Geography of Latin America Chapter 7.

  • Published on
    26-Dec-2015

  • View
    219

  • Download
    2

Transcript

<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> 1 Latin America Unit 3 </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> 2 Physical Geography of Latin America Chapter 7 </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> 3 </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> 4 </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> 5 Landforms Middle America Mexico and Central America Central America an isthmus, or a narrow piece of land that links North America and South Americaisthmus </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> 6 Landforms Middle America Lies where four tectonic plates meet Deposits of ash and lava make the soil fertile </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> 7 Landforms Middle America Central America Thick forests rugged mountains coastal marshes make it difficult to transport goods in that country </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> 8 Landforms The Caribbean The islands of the Caribbean Sea A.K.A. = West Indies divided into the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles, and the Bahamas </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> 9 Landforms The Caribbean The Greater Antilles Largest islands Cuba Hispaniola Puerto Rico Jamaica The Lesser Antilles an archipelagoarchipelago group of islands, curving from the Virgin Islands to Trinidad </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> 10 Landforms South America The Andes worlds longest mountain system are a cordillera and stretch along the Pacific coast of South America for about 5,500 miles (8,851 km) </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> 11 Landforms South America Tropical grasslands known as the LlanosLlanos stretch through eastern Colombia and Venezuela </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> 12 Landforms South America PampasPampas Another well-known plain covers much of Argentina and Uruguay provides grazing land for beef cattle and fertile soil for growing grains </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> 13 Waterways Rivers The Amazon Latin Americas longest river starts in the Andes and flows east about 4,000 miles (6,437 km) to the Atlantic Ocean </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> 14 Waterways Rivers Paran, Paraguay, and Uruguay form Latin Americas second-largest river system These rivers flow into the Rio de la Plata a broad estuary, or area where river currents and ocean tides meetwhich meets the Atlantic Oceanestuary </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> 15 Waterways Other Waterways Lake Maracaibo Venezuela South Americas largest lake contains some of Venezuelas oil fields </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> 16 Waterways Other Waterways Lake Titicaca between Bolivia and Peru About 12,500 feet above sea level the worlds highest lake used by large ships. </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> 17 Waterways Other Waterways Panama Canal Ships use the canal to shorten travel time between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> 18 A Wealth of Natural Resources Brazil Latin Americas largest country rain forests provide timber, rubber, palm oil, and Brazil nuts </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> 19 A Wealth of Natural Resources Energy Resources Venezuela regions largest oil and natural gas reserves Other Resources Silver mined in Mexico Colombian Mines the worlds finest emeralds Chile worlds largest exporter of copper </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> 20 Climate Regions Section 2 </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> 21 Hot to Mild Climates Tropical Climates Tropical wet Vast rain forest are found here </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> 22 Hot to Mild Climates Tropical Climates Amazon Basin South America Home to the worlds largest rain forest </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> 23 Hot to Mild Climates Tropical Climates Canopy Trees grow close together Tops form a dense canopy Umbrella-like covering of leaves So dense that sunlight seldom reaches the forest floor </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> 24 Hot to Mild Climates Tropical Climates Caribbean islands Developed a tourism industry despite hurricanes </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> 25 Hot to Mild Climates Temperate Climates Humid subtropical climate Short and mild winters Long, hot, humid summers </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> 26 Hot to Mild Climates Temperate Climates Chile Mediterranean Climate Farmers grow large amounts of fruit </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> 27 Hot to Mild Climates Dry Climates Atacama Desert One of the driest places on the earth </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> 28 Hot to Mild Climates El Nino A set of changes in air pressure, temperature, and rainfall Begins in the Pacific Ocean Waters off Perus coast are unusually warm </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> 29 Elevation and Climate Andes Four altitude zones of climate Tierra Caliente Hot land Tierra Templada Tierra Fria Begins at 6,000 feet Tierra Helada Zone of highest elevation Temps as low as 20F </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> 30 History and Cultures of Latin America Section 1 </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> 31 History and Government Section 1 </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> 32 Spain Portugal France, Britain, and the Netherlands Caudillos United States and Spain Panama Fidel Castro </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> 33 Key facts </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> 34 Early History Early Native American Civilizations Olmec Lived in Southern Mexico 1500 b.c.-300 b.c. Grew corn, controlled minerals, built temples </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> 35 Early History Early Native American Civilizations Maya Lived in the Yucatan Peninsula 300 a.d.-900 a.d. Skills Astronomy Used their knowledge of stars, moon, and planets to develop a calendar Had a number system based on 20 Used hieroglyphics to record history A form of writing that uses signs and symbols </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> 36 Early History Early Native American Civilizations Aztecs 1200 a.d. Central Mexico Tenochtitlan Aztec capital </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> 37 Early History Early Native American Civilizations Inca 1400s South America (Peru) Empire Stretched more than 2,500 miles Cuzco Capital </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> 38 </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> 39 Early History European Conquests 1519 Spanish Army led by Hernn Corts Landed on Mexicos Gulf coast marched to Tenochtitln, Mexico, and overtook the Aztec </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> 40 Early History European Conquests 1532 Francisco Pizarro attacked the Inca killed the ruler conquered that empire </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> 41 Early History Colonial Latin America Spain built an empire that included: South America the Caribbean Middle America parts of present-day United States </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> 42 Early History Colonial Latin America Portugal took control of what is today Brazil </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> 43 Early History Colonial Latin America France, Britain, and the Netherlands overtook some Caribbean areas and parts of North America </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> 44 RevolutionariesVs.Results </li> <li> Slide 45 </li> <li> 45 Forming New Nations Independence 1804 enslaved Africans under Franois-Dominique Toussaint-LOuverture threw off French rule in Haiti Haiti became the only nation ever created as a result of a revolt by enslaved people </li> <li> Slide 46 </li> <li> 46 Forming New Nations Independence Simn Bolvar won freedom from the Spanish for the present-day countries of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and Bolivia </li> <li> Slide 47 </li> <li> 47 Forming New Nations Independence 1817 Jos de San Martn liberated Chile and Argentina from Spanish rule </li> <li> Slide 48 </li> <li> 48 Forming New Nations Political and Economic Challenges Caudillos Ruled as dictators Favored the wealthy over the poor </li> <li> Slide 49 </li> <li> 49 Forming New Nations The United States and Latin America 1898 United States and Spain fought a war over Spanish-ruled Cuba Spain was defeated, and Cuba became a republic under U.S. protection </li> <li> Slide 50 </li> <li> 50 Forming New Nations The United States and Latin America 1903 United States helped Panama win its freedom from Colombia gained permission to build the Panama Canal </li> <li> Slide 51 </li> <li> 51 Forming New Nations Modern Times 1959 a young lawyer named Fidel Castro carried out a revolution in Cuba and set up a communist state communist state country whose government has strong control over the economy and society as a whole </li> <li> Slide 52 </li> <li> 52 Latin Americas challenges </li> <li> Slide 53 </li> <li> 53 Forming New Nations Modern Times Latin Americas challenges population is growing resources are limited Growing trade in illegal drugs has increased crime and corruption tensions still exist between rich and poor because of differences </li> <li> Slide 54 </li> <li> 54 Cultures and Lifestyles Section 2 </li> <li> Slide 55 </li> <li> 55 The People Population Patterns Coasts of South America and areas in Mexico and Central America Where most people live Why? Favorable climates Fertile land </li> <li> Slide 56 </li> <li> 56 The People Migration Movement of people included Europeans, Africans, and Asians, either willingly or by force </li> <li> Slide 57 </li> <li> 57 The People Growth of Cities South America about 80 percent of people live in cities Central America and the Caribbean about 65 percent are urban dwellers </li> <li> Slide 58 </li> <li> 58 The People Ethnic Groups and Languages Latin Americas Native Americans live in Mexico; Central America; and the Andes countries of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia African Latin Americans form a high percentage of the populations in the Caribbean islands and northeastern Brazil </li> <li> Slide 59 </li> <li> 59 The People Languages Spanish most widely spoken language in Latin America Portuguese Brazilians mostly speak Portuguese Quechua Creole </li> <li> Slide 60 </li> <li> 60 Daily Life Religion Most Latin Americans are Christian Roman Catholics The largest Christian group </li> <li> Slide 61 </li> <li> 61 Daily Life Family Generations live together Elders cared by their children Adult brothers and sisters Live near each other and their children (cousins) form close relationships Father Family leader Decision maker Mother is leader of family in other parts of the Caribbean </li> <li> Slide 62 </li> <li> 62 Daily Life The Arts Murals Reflect Maya and Aztec traditions </li> <li> Slide 63 </li> <li> 63 Latin America Today Chapter 9 </li> <li> Slide 64 </li> <li> 64 Mexico Section 1 </li> <li> Slide 65 </li> <li> 65 Mexicos People, Government, and Culture Mexicos People Mestizos People with a Spanish and Native American heritage </li> <li> Slide 66 </li> <li> 66 Mexicos People, Government, and Culture Mexicos People Mexico City The largest city in Mexico </li> <li> Slide 67 </li> <li> 67 Mexicos People, Government, and Culture Mexicos Government President Can only serve 1 six year term </li> <li> Slide 68 </li> <li> 68 Mexicos Economy and Society Using the attached worksheet, list the key facts about Mexicos economic regions. </li> <li> Slide 69 </li> <li> 69 Mexicos Economy and Society Economic and Social Changes Smog A thick haze of fog and chemicals </li> <li> Slide 70 </li> <li> 70 Mexicos Economy and Society Population and Ethnic Challenges Illegal immigration U.S. Tightened controls along the border </li> <li> Slide 71 </li> <li> 71 Central America and the Caribbean Section 2 </li> <li> Slide 72 </li> <li> 72 Countries of Central America Central America Made up of seven countries </li> <li> Slide 73 </li> <li> 73 Countries of Central America Costa Rica Has no army </li> <li> Slide 74 </li> <li> 74 Countries of Central America Panama Profits from fees, or set charges, that ships pay to use the canal An important banking center </li> <li> Slide 75 </li> <li> 75 Countries of the Caribbean Cuba Command Economy- the communist government decides how resources are used and what goods and services are produced Many Cubans havent prospered under this system </li> <li> Slide 76 </li> <li> 76 Countries of the Caribbean Puerto Rico A commonwealth-self governing territory of the U.S. Makes more money from tourism than any other Caribbean island </li> <li> Slide 77 </li> <li> 77 South America Section 3 </li> <li> Slide 78 </li> <li> 78 Brazil Known for its Amazon rain forest Brazilians call the rainforest the selva </li> <li> Slide 79 </li> <li> 79 Brazil People Largest population in all of Latin America Portuguese culture Largest cities- Sao Paulo &amp; Rio de Janeiro Many Brazilians have moved from rural to coastal cities to find better jobs Favelas- overcrowded slum areas </li> <li> Slide 80 </li> <li> 80 Brazil Economy Productive farms Valuable mineral resources Oil Hydroelectric energy Industries </li> <li> Slide 81 </li> <li> 81 Brazil The Rain Forest Amazon- Brazils greatest natural resource Deforestation- a cause of the worlds climate problem </li> <li> Slide 82 </li> <li> 82 Brazil Government Portuguese- First and largest European group to settle Brazil Democratic federal republic </li> <li> Slide 83 </li> <li> 83 Argentina People second-largest country after Brazil 85% of people are of European ancestry, especially Spanish and Italian Capital-Buenos Aires </li> <li> Slide 84 </li> <li> 84 Argentina Economy Gauchos- national symbol Ranches Beef- chief export Industrialized </li> <li> Slide 85 </li> <li> 85 Argentina Government democratic federal republic powerful president who is elected every four years </li> <li> Slide 86 </li> <li> 86 Other Countries of South America Venezuela Capital- Caracas President- Hugo Chavez </li> <li> Slide 87 </li> <li> 87 Other Countries of South America Columbia Nearly 80 percent of Colombias people live in the valleys and highland plateaus of the Andes Bogot is the capital and largest city </li> <li> Slide 88 </li> <li> 88 Other Countries of South America Chile Mining forms the backbone of Chiles economy </li> </ul>

Recommended

View more >