Physical Geography Latin America

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<p>Australia and Oceania</p> <p>By Jack GarrityPhysical Geography Latin America</p> <p>Chapter 8Pages 200-206</p> <p>Latin America has the longest river and mountain range in the world.</p> <p>The physical environment affects people and their activities. The rugged Andes and massive rivers of Latin America influence human settlement in the region. </p> <p>LandformsLatin America covers 16 percent of the Earths land surface, around 8 million sq. km.</p> <p>LandformsGeographers divide Latin America in to three sub-regions;Middle America, </p> <p>LandformsGeographers divide Latin America in to three sub-regions;Middle America, the Caribbean</p> <p>LandformsGeographers divide Latin America in to three sub-regions;Middle America, the Caribbean, and South America.</p> <p>Mountains and PlateausLatin Americas mountains distinguish the region.</p> <p>Mountains and PlateausThey stretch from North America (Rockies) to the tip of South America.</p> <p>Mountains and PlateausMexico names them the Sierra Madre Mountains.</p> <p>Mountains and PlateausIn Southern Central America the name changes to the Central Highlands.</p> <p>Mountains and PlateausIn South America, they call them the Andes.</p> <p>Mountains and PlateausThe Ring of Fires colliding plates formed the range over millions of years.</p> <p>Mountains and PlateausPlate movements continue to change the region.</p> <p>Mountains and PlateausIn 1999, a 6.6 earthquake destroyed many towns in villages in Columbia. </p> <p>Mountains and PlateausHumans have settled on Latin Americas mountains and plateaus for thousands of years.</p> <p>Aplateauis a flat, elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side.</p> <p>Mountains and PlateausVolcanic soil, minerals, wood and water attract settlements.</p> <p>Mountains and PlateausThe rugged terrain tends to isolate communities from each other. </p> <p>Mountains and PlateausToday Pokemon and Snappy Chatty help break down those barriers to communication.</p> <p>Mountains of Middle America and the CaribbeanThe Sierra Madre mountains surround the populated Mexican Plateau.</p> <p>Mountains of Middle America and the CaribbeanA mild climate, fertile volcanic soil, and water has supported cities for more than a thousand years.</p> <p>Mountains of Middle America and the CaribbeanThe volcanic mountain chain of the Central Highlands continues under the Gulf of Mexico.</p> <p>29</p> <p>Mountains of Middle America and the CaribbeanVolcanoes formed most of the islands of the Caribbean Sea. </p> <p>Mountains of Middle America and the CaribbeanSome active volcanoes make life precarious at best.</p> <p>precarious1 : depending on the will or pleasure of another. 2 : dependent on uncertain premises</p> <p>Andes of South AmericaThe Andes run 7,242 km along the western edge of South America, the longest in the world.</p> <p>Andes of South AmericaSome mountains rise to 6,096 meters.</p> <p>Andes of South AmericaCordilleras (parallel mountain ranges) make up the Andes, which tend to isolate communities.</p> <p>Andes of South AmericaThe Andes surround the altiplano (high plain) in Peru and Bolivia.</p> <p>Andes of South AmericaIn Southern Argentina, flatlands form the plateau of Patagonia.</p> <p>Andes of South AmericaThe Andes cause a rain shadow desert in Patagonia.</p> <p>High Lands of BrazilThe Mato Grosso Platea spreads across Brazil, Bolivia, and Peru.</p> <p>600 m above sea level, the plateau is covered with a mixture ofsavannagrasslands and woodland.</p> <p>The connect are a continuation of the Brazilian Highlands.</p> <p>High Lands of BrazilThe Brazilian Highlands has many climate and vegetation zones.</p> <p>High Lands of BrazilIts warm climate and open spaces make it good for livestock.</p> <p>High Lands of BrazilThe Eastern Highlands plunge to the Atlantic Ocean forming an escarpment.</p> <p>escarpmentskpm()nt,-/nouna long, steep slope, especially one at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights.</p> <p>Lowlands and PlainsNarrow coastal lowlands run along much of South America, especially Brazil.</p> <p>Lowlands and PlainsThe escarpment begins in the northeast and goes southward to Uruguay. </p> <p>Lowlands and PlainsThe escarpment shapes population patterns, most people live in cities on the coast.</p> <p>Lowlands and PlainsThe llanos grasslands provide great places to raise cattle in Colombia and Venezuela.</p> <p>Lowlands and PlainsThe llanos grasslands provide great places to raise cattle in Colombia and Venezuela.</p> <p>Lowlands and PlainsThe pampas grasslands provide great places to raise cattle in Argentina and Uruguay.</p> <p>Lowlands and PlainsThe pampas is one of the worlds bread basket.</p> <p>Lowlands and PlainsThe pampas and llanos shape human culture, producing llaneros or gauchos or cowboys.</p> <p>Water SystemsThe regions major waterways are in South America, Middle America has mostly small rivers.</p> <p>Water SystemsThe Amazon River runs 6,400 km through the heart of South America.</p> <p>Water SystemsOcean ships can travel 3,701 km of the Amazon due to its great depth and width. </p> <p>Water SystemsHundreds of smaller rivers drain into the Amazon forming the Amazon Basin (2 million km sq).</p> <p>Water SystemsThe Parana, Paraguay, and Uruguay Rivers drains the rainy eastern half of South America.</p> <p>Water SystemsThe Parana, Paraguay, and Uruguay Rivers drains the rainy eastern half of South America.</p> <p>Water SystemsThese rivers provide a water highway between cities.</p> <p>Water SystemsThey are a source of hydroelectric power.</p> <p>Water SystemsThey all flow into the estuary Rio de la Plata (Silver River). </p> <p>estuarystj()ri/nounthe tidal mouth of a large river, where the ocean tide meets the fresh water.</p> <p>Water SystemsThe Rio Grande River forms the far northern boarder of Latin America.</p> <p>Water SystemsThe human made Panama Canal allows ships to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, without sailing around the continent.</p> <p>Water SystemsLake Maracaibo is South Americas largest lake, which merges with Venezuels oil fields.</p> <p>Water SystemsAt 3,810, Lake Titicaca is the worlds highest navigable lake.</p> <p>Natural ResourcesLatin America is super rich in natural resources.</p> <p>Natural ResourcesMexico and Venezuela are rich in oil and natural gas deposits.</p> <p>Natural ResourcesVenezuela has large amounts of gold.</p> <p>Natural ResourcesMexico and Peru have lots of silver.</p> <p>Natural ResourcesColumbia has the best emeralds for over 1000 years.</p> <p>Natural ResourcesChile is the worlds largest exporter of copper.</p> <p>Natural ResourcesJamaica produces the most bauxite, the main source of aluminum.</p> <p>Next time, Cultural Latin America</p> <p>end</p>

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