Physical Geography Latin America

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Australia and Oceania

By Jack GarrityPhysical Geography Latin America

Chapter 8Pages 200-206

Latin America has the longest river and mountain range in the world.

The physical environment affects people and their activities. The rugged Andes and massive rivers of Latin America influence human settlement in the region.

LandformsLatin America covers 16 percent of the Earths land surface, around 8 million sq. km.

LandformsGeographers divide Latin America in to three sub-regions;Middle America,

LandformsGeographers divide Latin America in to three sub-regions;Middle America, the Caribbean

LandformsGeographers divide Latin America in to three sub-regions;Middle America, the Caribbean, and South America.

Mountains and PlateausLatin Americas mountains distinguish the region.

Mountains and PlateausThey stretch from North America (Rockies) to the tip of South America.

Mountains and PlateausMexico names them the Sierra Madre Mountains.

Mountains and PlateausIn Southern Central America the name changes to the Central Highlands.

Mountains and PlateausIn South America, they call them the Andes.

Mountains and PlateausThe Ring of Fires colliding plates formed the range over millions of years.

Mountains and PlateausPlate movements continue to change the region.

Mountains and PlateausIn 1999, a 6.6 earthquake destroyed many towns in villages in Columbia.

Mountains and PlateausHumans have settled on Latin Americas mountains and plateaus for thousands of years.

Aplateauis a flat, elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side.

Mountains and PlateausVolcanic soil, minerals, wood and water attract settlements.

Mountains and PlateausThe rugged terrain tends to isolate communities from each other.

Mountains and PlateausToday Pokemon and Snappy Chatty help break down those barriers to communication.

Mountains of Middle America and the CaribbeanThe Sierra Madre mountains surround the populated Mexican Plateau.

Mountains of Middle America and the CaribbeanA mild climate, fertile volcanic soil, and water has supported cities for more than a thousand years.

Mountains of Middle America and the CaribbeanThe volcanic mountain chain of the Central Highlands continues under the Gulf of Mexico.

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Mountains of Middle America and the CaribbeanVolcanoes formed most of the islands of the Caribbean Sea.

Mountains of Middle America and the CaribbeanSome active volcanoes make life precarious at best.

precarious1 : depending on the will or pleasure of another. 2 : dependent on uncertain premises

Andes of South AmericaThe Andes run 7,242 km along the western edge of South America, the longest in the world.

Andes of South AmericaSome mountains rise to 6,096 meters.

Andes of South AmericaCordilleras (parallel mountain ranges) make up the Andes, which tend to isolate communities.

Andes of South AmericaThe Andes surround the altiplano (high plain) in Peru and Bolivia.

Andes of South AmericaIn Southern Argentina, flatlands form the plateau of Patagonia.

Andes of South AmericaThe Andes cause a rain shadow desert in Patagonia.

High Lands of BrazilThe Mato Grosso Platea spreads across Brazil, Bolivia, and Peru.

600 m above sea level, the plateau is covered with a mixture ofsavannagrasslands and woodland.

The connect are a continuation of the Brazilian Highlands.

High Lands of BrazilThe Brazilian Highlands has many climate and vegetation zones.

High Lands of BrazilIts warm climate and open spaces make it good for livestock.

High Lands of BrazilThe Eastern Highlands plunge to the Atlantic Ocean forming an escarpment.

escarpmentskpm()nt,-/nouna long, steep slope, especially one at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights.

Lowlands and PlainsNarrow coastal lowlands run along much of South America, especially Brazil.

Lowlands and PlainsThe escarpment begins in the northeast and goes southward to Uruguay.

Lowlands and PlainsThe escarpment shapes population patterns, most people live in cities on the coast.

Lowlands and PlainsThe llanos grasslands provide great places to raise cattle in Colombia and Venezuela.

Lowlands and PlainsThe llanos grasslands provide great places to raise cattle in Colombia and Venezuela.

Lowlands and PlainsThe pampas grasslands provide great places to raise cattle in Argentina and Uruguay.

Lowlands and PlainsThe pampas is one of the worlds bread basket.

Lowlands and PlainsThe pampas and llanos shape human culture, producing llaneros or gauchos or cowboys.

Water SystemsThe regions major waterways are in South America, Middle America has mostly small rivers.

Water SystemsThe Amazon River runs 6,400 km through the heart of South America.

Water SystemsOcean ships can travel 3,701 km of the Amazon due to its great depth and width.

Water SystemsHundreds of smaller rivers drain into the Amazon forming the Amazon Basin (2 million km sq).

Water SystemsThe Parana, Paraguay, and Uruguay Rivers drains the rainy eastern half of South America.

Water SystemsThe Parana, Paraguay, and Uruguay Rivers drains the rainy eastern half of South America.

Water SystemsThese rivers provide a water highway between cities.

Water SystemsThey are a source of hydroelectric power.

Water SystemsThey all flow into the estuary Rio de la Plata (Silver River).

estuarystj()ri/nounthe tidal mouth of a large river, where the ocean tide meets the fresh water.

Water SystemsThe Rio Grande River forms the far northern boarder of Latin America.

Water SystemsThe human made Panama Canal allows ships to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, without sailing around the continent.

Water SystemsLake Maracaibo is South Americas largest lake, which merges with Venezuels oil fields.

Water SystemsAt 3,810, Lake Titicaca is the worlds highest navigable lake.

Natural ResourcesLatin America is super rich in natural resources.

Natural ResourcesMexico and Venezuela are rich in oil and natural gas deposits.

Natural ResourcesVenezuela has large amounts of gold.

Natural ResourcesMexico and Peru have lots of silver.

Natural ResourcesColumbia has the best emeralds for over 1000 years.

Natural ResourcesChile is the worlds largest exporter of copper.

Natural ResourcesJamaica produces the most bauxite, the main source of aluminum.

Next time, Cultural Latin America

end