Social entrepreneurship in Finland

  • Published on
    13-Feb-2017

  • View
    340

  • Download
    0

Transcript

  • Social Entrepreneurship in

    Finland

    Saila Tykkylinen

    LUT School of Business and Management

    2.11.2015 | Aalto

  • Background and context

    Development path

    Roots in III sector service provision, co-operative movement, entrepreneurship as an alternative for civil society activities or employment

    Development projects with ESR and ERDF funding

    New, poorly known and contested concept Saila

    Tykkyl

    inen

    Recent reviews and studies- ETLA: Esiselvitys yhteiskunnallisesta yrittmisest, 2015. - LUT: Yhteiskunnallinen yrittjyys innovatiivisessa arvonluonnissa, 2015. - Russell, Pttiniemi and Koivuneva, 2014: A map of social enteprises and their ecosystems is Europe. A Country report on Finland. European commission- Kostilainen and Tykkylinen, 2013: TheCharacteristics of Finnish Social Enteprises.- Karjalainen ja Syrjnen, 2009: Onko Suomessa yhteiskunnallisia yrityksi?

  • Ecosystem

    Ecosystem is fragile and patchy

    Policy actions: Law on work integration social enterprises (2003),

    recommendations by MEEs working group on SE (2010-2011)

    Marketing and awareness rising: Social Enteprise Mark (2011)

    Community building and interest representation: SYY ry (2009), Arvo-

    liitto ry (2014)

    Finance: No specialized sources of funding. Sitras project on impact

    investment (2014-2016), crowdfunding platforms and instruments

    Research and education: Coordinated by Finsern. Some actors in the field

    Aalto, LUT, Diaconia University of Applied Sciences,

    Training and consultation: Kasvuhuone, KSL - opintokeskus

    Saila

    Tykkyl

    inen

  • Finnish social enterprisesCriteria applied by SEM and Arvo-liitto

    - Operates in markets, takes financial risks

    - Primary purpose is to produce common good

    - Major part of profits is used to promote the companys social aim

    - Transparency and openness of the business

    The difficulty of counting

    - ETLA (2015): more than 19 000 SEs which have about 126 000 employees (registered associations, n=3000 in Russell et al., not included)

    - Russell et al. (2014): about 5 000 SEs (privately owned SMEs not included)

    - Karjalainen ja Syrjnen (2009): about 12 000 SEs (only SMEs included)

    Variety regarding social causes, ownership structures, industries, organizational forms, sizes and life spans is great (Etla, 2015; Kostilainen ja Tykkylinen, 2013).

    Some Finnish peculiarities

    - Social mission can be pursued with profit distribution

    - More strongly associated with operational logics and terms of business sector than with those of community economy

    - Some (recognized) SEs are owned by public sector actors

    Lap

    peen

    ran

    ta U

    niv

    ers

    ityo

    f Tech

    no

    log

    y

    Saila

    Tykkyl

    inen

  • Lap

    peen

    ran

    ta U

    niv

    ers

    ityo

    f Tech

    no

    log

    y

    Saila

    Tykkyl

    inen

    Social-impact enterprise: Mifuko Ltd.

    Social-profit enterprise: Diacor Ltd.

    Social-process enterprise: Diadome Ltd.

    Social-output enterprise: Viittakivi Ltd.

  • Lets stay in touch, saila.tykkylainen@lut.fi

    presentation available in www.slideshare.org

    THANK YOU! KIITOS!

    La

    pp

    eenra

    nta

    Univ

    ers

    ityo

    f Te

    ch

    nolo

    gy

    mailto:saila.tykkylainen@lut.fi

Recommended

View more >