Sustainabilty in Textile Processing

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    22-Nov-2014

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The ppt describes how sustainability is needed in textile and apparel industry

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<ul><li> 1. SUSTAINABLE PROCESSING IN THE APPAREL INDUSTRY BF Tech (Sem 3) 1 </li> <li> 2. CONTENTS Sustainability - definition Need of sustainability in apparel production The stages of apparel production Various chemicals used in the industry Achieving sustainability in apparel industry Benefits of organic clothing Steps to be taken for sustainable textile processing Alternate processing methods Examples in apparel industry Page number 3 4-5 2 6 7 8 9 10 11 12-15 </li> <li> 3. SUSTAINABILITY- DEFINITION Sustain means to maintain or to uphold . To improve the quality of life while living within the carrying capacity of ecosystems IUCN (The World Conservation Union), 1991.ss The 3 principles of sustainability Environmentally Viable- It should have the lowest possible adverse effect on the environment. Social Desirable- It should respect the social elements of fair trade and human rights of the people involved. Economically feasible- It should be able to Compete effectively in the global marketplace against less sustainable products. 3 </li> <li> 4. NEED OF SUSTAINABILITY IN APPAREL INDUSTRY Consumption of natural resources has increased dramatically in the last 40 years Issues like that of global warming, natural resource depletion, toxic waste disposal, and increasing air, water and soil pollution are of global importance. At every stage of textile production, vast amounts of energy, clean water and chemicals are used to process the textiles and apparel. Thus apparel industry also needs to eliminate environmental hazards, improve process efficiency. 4 </li> <li> 5. A sustainable approach covers the following points: Minimum use of resources (water and energy consumption during preparation, colouration and finishing). Minimum chemical consumption. Minimum pollution load. Toxic chemicals eliminated from supply chain. Harmful chemical residues eliminated from final textile. 5 </li> <li> 6. The typical stages of apparel production, use and disposal Raw Material Production of natural and synthetic fibers Production of yarn, filaments, fabrics. Wet treatments (Pre-Treatments, Dyeing, Printing and Finishing) Garment Manufacturing Consumption Waste DYES ADDITIVES WATER E M I S S I O N S 6 </li> <li> 7. Various Chemicals Used In Each Stage Of Processing PROCESS CHEMICALS Spinning, weaving and knitting Spinning oils, knitting oils, Lubricants Sizing Sizes (Starches, Polyacrylates, Carboxy methyl Cellulose) Desizing, Scouring Sizes, Enzymes, Starch, Ammonia, Disinfectants and insecticides residues, NaOH, Surfactants, Soaps Bleaching, Mercerizing Bleaching Agents(Oxidants) like H2O2 ,Alkalis, Salts Dyeing and Printing Dyes, Pigments, Salts, Alkalis, Acidity/Alkalinity, Metals Finishing Resins, Softeners, Flame retardants, Anti-microbials , fluorocarbons 7 </li> <li> 8. ACHEIVING SUSTAINABILITY IN APPAREL INDUSTRY In broader perspective sustainability can be achieved by following 2 major steps- 1. Organic Clothing It is made from materials raised in or grown in compliance with organic agricultural standards. The source of the clothing's fibre are free from herbicides, pesticides, or genetically modified seeds. 2. Recycling Fashion Textiles that are discarded by consumers, retailers or charitable organisations undergo a discriminating process of sorting, grading and separation into waste-free products which are suitable for reuse. 8 </li> <li> 9. BENEFITS OF ORGANIC CLOTHING No chemical pesticides are used. Organic cotton farming produces far less CO2 emissions. Organic cotton farming uses up to 60% less water than conventional farming methods. Pesticide or herbicide residues are not entered accidentally into the environment. Humans and animals are not exposed to chemical pesticides or herbicides. When the fabric is discarded, pesticides and herbicides are not returned to the earth in landfill, or enter into recycling process. 9 </li> <li> 10. STEPS TO BE TAKEN FOR SUSTAINABLE TEXTILE PROCESSING 1. Eco-friendly Fibres Organic cotton Bamboo Fibre Alpaca Wool Recycled Polyester 2. Dyes Azo-free colourants Biodegradable dyes Chrome-free tanning Fibre reactive dyes Low-impact dyes Natural dyes Organic cotton Yarn spun from alpaca wool Bamboo fibre Bales of PET bottles 10 </li> <li> 11. ALTERNATE WET PROCESSING METHODS Chlorine-free bleaching Cold or low temperature dye processes Dye bath reuse Eco bleach Ink-jet printing Vegetable tanning Waste water recycling 11 </li> <li> 12. EXAMPLES OF SUSTAINABILITY IN APPAREL INDUSTRY Levis Levi's is a brand of denim jeans, under privately held American clothing company Levi Strauss &amp; Co. TheirWaste</li><li> 13. WATER</li><li> 14. Nike, Inc. Nike's Trash Talk Shoe, which had been constructed in February 2008 from pieces of leather and synthetic leather waste from factory floors. Its sole is composed of ground-up rubber from a shoe recycling program NIKE Flyknit, introduced in 2012, The technology uses knit construction that allows for a lightweight upper that reduces footwear waste. The Flyknit Lunar 1+ running shoe reduces footwear waste by 80% on average when compared to typical NIKE running footwear. 14 </li> <li> 15. CONCLUSION The measurement and control of these inputs and outputs can lead to Improved resource productivity. Improved co-efficiency. Improved cost efficiency. Improved customer satisfaction. Improved brand reputation. Improved environmental conditions. Better health conditions of the wearers and the workers. 15 </li> <li> 16. Thank You 16 </li> </ul>

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