Innovations in textile processing

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Innovations, sustainability, reduction in water consumption, energy reduction, cost savings,Lecture given in Hongkong and ICT Mumbai

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  • 1. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 1 Innovations in Textiles A G M Nabar Endowment Lecture

2. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 2 Invention can be defined as the creation of a product or introduction of a process for the first time. Innovation on the other hand, occurs if someone improves on or makes a significant contribution to an existing product, process or service. Definition 3. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 3 1. Institutions which are often neglected but are where the innovations happen. 2. Markets where the demand and the finance comes from and 3. Technologies which go hand in hand with innovations Innovation is about the smart application of knowledge to solve problems more imaginatively than we have in the past. Shaping Innovations 4. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 4 Ecology Legislation Cost New Substrate New Process Speed for economics Fashion and advertisement Productivity constraint Sustainability Change Agents 5. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 5 It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent But the most responsive to change Charles Darwin Theory of Evolution 6. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 6 Products and processes Water Consumption Sustainable Fibres Coloration without dyes Innovations pertaining to 7. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 7 Natural dyes derived from plant material do not have the problems associated with synthetic yes ,like banned amines ,PCB,PAH etc, however they cannot be used on polyesters O O OH OH CH3CH2I KOH, DMSO alizarin 1,2-dihydroxyanthraquinone O O OH O 1-hydroxy-2-ethylanthraquinone + KI, H2O Natural colours 8. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 8 Reactive dyes having a quartenary nicotinate Cationic Reactive Dyes Avitera Pigments for Polyesters Dyestone Colours 9. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 9 "Dyestone X Color" is neither pigment nor dyestuff, but a patented new generation of textile colorants that fully utilize micro-encapsulating technology. Matsui International's insoluble colors are finely ground at the Nano-level and coated with a water-soluble polymer on the surface level and can be applied onto almost any kind of textile substrate (cotton, polyester, nylon, rayon, etc.) by both printing & pad-dyeing process. Dyestone colorants 10. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 10 Pigment Pigment Pigment Binder FABRIC Cross-Linking Agent Water-soluble Polymer Insoluble Colorant FABRIC Conventional vs Dyestone 11. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 11 Use of Sugars in Sulphur dyeing Pre-treatment of cellulose with cationic, nucleophilic polymers to enable reactive dyeing at neutral pH without electrolyte addition Enzymes for polyester and also for imparting hydrophilicity oligomer removal Auxiliaries 12. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 12 Fabric E control, Pad-Sizeox Garments A blend of color and softener Enzyme with tint Provides ONE STEP stone-wash and tinting effect, abrasion, surface polishing, de-pilling, and body softness on Indigo denim garments. Enzymatic single bath desizing-bleaching-dyeing process for cotton fabrics Processes 13. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 13 Coloured Silk Cocoons 14. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 14 Waterless dyeing 15. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 15 Supercritical COO 16. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 16 A fabric roll in the chamber Control panel Pressure storage vessel, pumps and pipework SCOO - Machines 17. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 17 SCOO - Process 18. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 18 Process 19. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 19 Process 20. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 20 Cotton Art-Transfer printing of Natural fabrics- German Dutch 21. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 21 Digital Printing 22. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 22 Ozone laundry systems Replacement of water with polymers Self cleaning Washing of garments T-Shirt LCA 170 gms 2653 litres water(45% in usage-1193litres) 90 gm fertilizer 45 gm pesticide 540 gm fossil fuel 23. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 23 Ozone laundry systems 24. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 24 Xeros Reduction in water during usage 25. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 25 MinicorCatalytic clothing Self cleaning fabrics 26. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 26 Sunlight Washing, Clothes 27. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 27 Eco viscose Modal Edelweiss Soya Bamboo Sustainable, natural, anti bacterial, breathable and cool Fibres 28. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 28 PLA, Ingeo, Sorona >Mooo Fibres 29. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 29 Fermentation Fashion Microbe garments 30. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 30 Bio couture 31. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 31 Nourishing Garments 32. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 32 Clothes that cure you 33. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 33 Prolonged delivery 34. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 34 FrankenSpider - Spider Silk 35. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 35 Invisibility 36. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 36 Clothing that undresses you 37. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 37 3m Morpho rhetenor butterfly Peacock feather Coloration without colorants 38. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 38 Teijin Fiber Corporation Multilayer Optical Interference MORPHOTEX 39. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 39 Plixel Color Printing* * A Star Exploit Technologies Coloration without colours 40. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 40 Endangered species extinction of business Do not merely react to change Anticipate and initiate change Equilibrium is extinction 41. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 41 How do we innovate? Go beyond boundaries Explore new possibilities Not innovating is riskier 42. 08th March 2013 Dr. Sanjiv Kamat 42