DRIVE | high tech industry? think again! (part 2)

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  • EINDHOVEN, 21 SEPTMBER 2015

    DRIVE

    ADVANCED MANUFACTURING:

    THE NEXT INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

    October 21, 2015

    PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER CMC DIRECTOR STRATEGY & INNOVATION

  • October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

    CENTRIC HOLDING

    Centric

    Netherlands

    Software Solutions

    IT Outsourcing

    BPO

    Staffing Services

    Centric

    International

    Belgium

    Germany

    Norway

    Romania

    Sweden

    Switzerland

    France

    Luxembourg

  • 2012 Steinbeis | Technologie. Transfer. Anwendung. | www.stw.de

    Technologie.Transfer.Anwendung.

    iSto

    ckphoto

    /Pei Lin

    g H

    oo

    Systems & Complexity TheoryInteroperability of Information Network Centric Operations

    Prof. dr. Ben van Lier CMC

  • October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

  • TECHNOLOGY

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

  • INTERNET OF THINGS HISTORY

    Mark Weiser Ubiquitous Computing (1991)The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indisguishablefrom it.

    Kevin Ashton Internet of Things (1999)A system to describe where the Internet is connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors.

    Sundmaeker c.s. Internet of Things (2010)In the context of Internet of Things a thing could be defined as a real/physical or digital/virtual entity that exists and move in space and time and is capable of being identified either by assigned identification numbers, names and/or location addresses

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

  • CYBER PHYSICAL SYSTEMS

    Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) are smart

    networked systems with embedded

    sensors, processors and actuators that

    are designed to sense and interact with

    the physical world (including the

    human users), and support real-time,

    guaranteed performance in safety-

    critical applications where the

    proverbial blue screen of death can

    have catastrophic consequences.

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

  • ADVANCED MANUFACTURING I

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

    Advanced manufacturing is a family of activities that: Depend on the use and coordination of

    information, automation, software, sensing, and networking and/or

    make use of cutting edge materials and emerging capabilities enabled by the physical and biological sciences, for example nanotechnology, chemistry, and biology.

    It involves both new ways to manufacture existing products, and the manufacture of new products emerging from new advanced technologies.

    Executive office of the president, 2011

  • INDUSTRIAL INTERNET (REFERENCE ARCHITECTURE)

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

  • ADVANCED MANUFACTURING III

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

    The result will be agile manufacturing

    Companies will create more intelligent products based on cyber-physical systems.

    These products will be manufactured in digital factories, with each part of the production process able to communicate with different manufacturing players

    European Commission, 2014

    The Future of Europes Industry is digital. This is Certain.

    Gunther Oettinger, European Commissioner for Energy 14 April 2015

  • October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

    INDUSTRIES 4.0 REFERENCE ARCHITECTURE

  • DUTCH INDUSTRY FIT FOR THE FUTUREAPRIL 2014

    In the coming decade, a network-centric

    approach to production will replace linear

    production processes

    Digitisation is brought to another level within

    Smart Industry.

    The third pillar to Smart industry is about

    the next generation of manufacturing

    technologies.

    Together with Germany, the Netherlands is

    keen to take the lead. Here and now. Dutch Minister Kamp, 14 april 2015, Hannover Messe

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

  • INDUSTRY AGENDA - WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM

    To support these hybrid industries, entirely new categories of jobs will emerge. Most of these jobs will demand strong inter disciplinary skills, including deep knowledge about specific industry domains, new technologies, software and data skills, along with soft skills (e.g. leadership, communication, collaboration) (pp. 18)

    WEF Industrial Internet of Things: Unleashing

    the potential of connected products and services

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

  • INFORMATICS SYSTEMS THEORY CYBERNETICS

    Claude Shannon The mathematical theory of Communication 1948Frequently the messages have meaning. That is they refer to or are correlated to some system with certain physical or conceptual entities. These semantic aspects of communication are irrelevant to the engineering problem.

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

  • INTEROPERABILITY OF INFORMATION II

    SYSTEMS THEORY

    Hybrid system Hybrid system

    Interoperability of Information

    The realisation of mutual relations between two or more systems andentities in order to use these connections to exchange and share

    information to further develop activities, functionality or production.

    Context

    Semantics

    Technology

    Context

    Semantics

    Technology

    N S

    yste

    msSyste

    m

    N S

    yste

    ms

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

  • INTEROPERABILITY OF INFORMATION VII

    Karl Weick Sensemaking in Organizations (1995)Enactment i.e. the act of assigning meaning

    Because technology is a crucial part of

    organizations, it is important to incorporate it into

    any discussion of sensemaking (1995:114)

    Context

    Semantics

    Technology

    Context

    Semantics

    Technology

    Syste

    m

    N S

    yste

    ms

    Ecological

    change E

    na

    ctm

    en

    t

    Information Utterance Understanding

    InformationUtteranceUnderstandingInterpenetration

    Interpenetration

    En

    ac

    tmen

    t

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

  • NETWORK-CENTRIC APPROACH

    The difficulty will therefore no longer lie in understanding each individual, autonomous, autopoeiticand referential system, but in the existence and the nature of the relationship between these systems

    van Lier & HardjonoSystems Practice and Action Research (2011) volume 24 pg. 479-497

    There is a concern in the medical society that such reliance on humans in the loop may compromise patient safety. Lee I. (2010:743) DAC 10 june 13-18 2010 Anaheim California

  • ULTRA LARGE SCALE (SOFTWARE) SYSTEMS

    Sociotechnical ecosystemsInclude people, organizations, and technologies at all levels with significant and often competing interdependencies. Dynamic communities Interaction between all entities

    roles, responsibilities, and information flows

    Competition for resources Rules, incentives, and adaptation

    October 21, 2015@COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN VAN LIER

    CMC

    Linda Northrop SEI Carnegie Mellon May 24, 2013

    Are independent webs of software reliant systems, people, cultures and economics

  • Like ordinariness, context is managed

    moment by moment, achieved by those

    carrying out some activity together, and

    relative to that activity and to the forms of

    action and engagement that it entails.

    Paul Dourish (2004)

    INTERNET OF THINGS - CONTEXT

    Context is a temporary and cohesive whole, a non-material entity, that is formed and perceived in an arbitrary connection between people, between objects, and between arbitrary combinations of people and objects

    Lier van B., Cyber-Physical Systems 2015

  • QUESTIONS?

    October 21, 2015

    @COPYRIGHT PROF. DR. BEN

    VAN LIER CMC