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1. The State of Foreign Communities in Japanese Society 2. Census Report City of Lincoln/Lancaster County


  • 1. PortfolioShusei Kakimoto
  • 2. CONTENTS State of Foreign Communities in Japanese Society ~In the 23 Wards of Tokyo~ The Census Report Lancaster County/City of Lincoln 1 16 Community Research
  • 3. 1 Introduction Section 0-1 Background and Purpose of Research Recently, Japan is facing the problem of population decline. There is an increasing ratio of older population to younger population. It is expected that Japan will have to be more open to immigration in order to handle the work load. As a result, immigration law is currently changing in Japan. It is easier to get a permit (similar to the U.S. VISA) now, as there are new types of their permit. There are a lot of more immigrants now in Japan than in the past. Because this is so recent, the Japanese people, including the gov- ernment, are still fairly ignorant of the foreign community. For the purpose of this paper, community is a term used to describe a group of people which meet, and does not refer to people living in the same area who do meet. cluster area is used to describe people of one race living in the same area. Most foreigners live in Tokyo, as it is the economic center, and has the most services like public transportation, and a few foreigners live in the country side. It is becoming necessary to increase understanding and acceptance be- tween the Japanese and the the foreign community. It will require a lot of compromise to develop relations between the Japanese and the immi- grants. The research for this paper centers on Tokyo 23 Wards as this area has the highest number of immigrants, and studies the government administration programs for helping them. It also looks into the charity assistance dedicat- ed to the foreign community, and how the foreign community is organized. Section 0-2 Research Methods and Organization This paper shows the result of research of the situation of the foreign community in Japanese society. This paper will show the date regarding the immigrants in the 23 Wards: their general background, purpose, in section 1. Section2 will cover the assistance programs available to them. The immigration information for section 2 was obtained from the offices of Immigrant Registration in each ward, as well as the main Tokyo Immigrant Registration office. Information from a government endorsed charitable Introduction Section 0-1 Background and Purpose of Research Section 0-2 Research Methods and Organization Section 1 The Situation of Foreign in The 23 Wards of Tokyo Section 1-1 The Situation of The 23 Wards of Tokyo Section 1-2 Background of Foreigners Section 1-3 The Number of Residents of Each Nationality Living in Tokyos 23 Wards SSection 1-4 Conclusion of Section 1 Section2 Government Administration Service Section 2-1 Tokyo Local Government Service Section 2-2 Services for Immigrants in Each Ward Section 2-3 Unique Services Section 2-4 The Conclusion of Section 2 Section3 Foreign Community Section 3-1 Cluster by Nationality Section 3-2 Community in The Wards Section 3-3 Distribution and Background of Method of Community Section 3-4 Outline of Clustered Areas in The Wards Section 3-5 Characteristics and Classification of Community and Cluster Areas Section 3-6 Conclusion of Section 3 Section 4 Themed Community Outline Section 4-1 Themed Communities Section 4-1-1 Natural Establishment Section 4-1-2 Japanese Establishment Section 4-1-3 Advertisement Section 4-2 Conclusion of Section 4 Section 5 Analysis of Foreign Community and The Issues Which Occur Section 5-1 Comparison of The Korean Cluster Areas Section 5-3 Contact Between The Foreign Community and The Surrounding Japanese Residents Section 5-2 The Issue of Concession, or Right of Use of Land in Edagawa 1 Chome, in Koto Ward Section 5-4 Government Administration and Community Section 5-5 Conclusion of Section 5 Section 6 Overall Conclusion H18 Immigrants Population (2006) Tokyo Tokyo Kana gawa Kanagawa Osaka Osaka Aichi Aichi Sai tama Saitama Hyogo Hyogo Chiba Chiba Figure 1-1 Figure 0-1 Foreign Communities in JapanThe States of Foreign Communities in Japanese Society ~In the 23 Wards of Tokyo~ (2008) Foreign Communities in Tokyo, Japan
  • 4. 2 foreign assistance group was obtained as well. A classification of commu- nity type and cluster area will be in section 3. Section 4 will contain an analysis of the foreign community based on their classification. Section 5 will Figure 1-1 shows the top 7 states for immigration. explore the issues existing between the Japanese and foreign communities. Section 6 will be the main conclusion. Section 1 The Situation of Foreign in The 23 Wards of Tokyo This section contains an analysis of immigrant information: background, permit type, etc. Section 1-1 Background and Purpose of Research Section 1-1 The Situation of The 23 Wards of Tokyo Figure 1-2 is the immi- grant population in Tokyo. Figure 1-3 shows breakdown of immigration population by ward. Tokyo is the number 1 state in Japan for immigrant population with 350,000 immigrants. The top 5 states have more than half of the immi- grants in Japan. Most of the foreigners in Tokyo live in the 23 Wards.The immigrant population is rising in every ward. Section 1-2 Background of Foreigners Figure 1-4 is a comparison of the foreign population in Tokyo from 1981 to 2004. Figure 1-5 is a breakdown of the immigrant population by purpose of im- migration. Figure 1-6 shows the percentage of immigrants by their permit type in2006. We can see that during the years that Japan has experienced economic difficulties, the number of immigrant job did not decrease. We can classify the immigrants by 2 groups: old comers and new comers. Old comers are immigrants from before the San Francisco treaty of 1952 and their descendents. All foreigners lost their citizenship in 1952. Those who migrated to Japan relatively recent years are in the newcomer category. Immigration law is a big factor on what kind of immigrants come to Japan. Registered Foreigners Tokyo Ward Area City Area Change of Registered Foreigners Chiyoda Chuo Minato Shinjuku Daito Bunkyo Shinagawa Koto Sumida Meguro Ota Setagaya Shibuya Suginami Nakano Kita Toyoshima Arakawa Itabashi Nerima Adachi Katsushika Edogawa Population and Registered Foreigners(*10000) (*1000000) Population in Japan (Right) Registered Foreigners (Left) 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004 Figure 1-2 Figure 1-3 Figure 1-4 Foreign Communities in JapanThe States of Foreign Communities in Japanese Society ~In the 23 Wards of Tokyo~ (2008) Foreign Communities in Tokyo, Japan
  • 5. 3 As an example, the number of Brazilians who migrate to Japan varies drastically as the laws change (Figure 1-5). In 1995, Japanese made a law restricting the number of performers that could enter the country. This caused the number of Pilipino immigrants to drop a lot. In 2004, the refu- gee application was changed, causing an increase in Burmese immigrants coming to Japan. In the last few years we have seen a big increase in the number of foreign- ers coming to Japan to study or attend a trade school. The percentage of immigrants in 2006 who took Permanent Resident (including normal and special permanent resident) in Japan is 40.2%, which is 837,521 people. Foreign Communities in JapanThe States of Foreign Communities in Japanese Society ~In the 23 Wards of Tokyo~ (2008) Special Permanent Residents Permanent Residents Long-term Residents Spouse of Japanese Study abroad Visiting Family Training Specialist in humanities, International services School Techinologies Others Ratio of Status of Residence Figure 1-6 Background of visiting Japan Population of registered residence and Korean residence Korean Chinese Filipinos Burmese Brazillian Registered residence Korean 1959 NewcomersOldcomers 1964 1969 1974 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004 Change of immigration law 1990: Japnese Brazillian get a right to work as Japanese do. Economic Depression in Brazil, Bubble economy in Japan: Many Brazillian came to Japan. Chinese immigrants have increased for more than 10 years: Due to the Location, Economic Development in China, Japanese enterprise to China, move of production base Korean Chinese Brazillian Filipinos About 10,000 Korean applicants to be naturalized Japanese: every year: due to Korean Japanese assimilate Japanese society. There is decrease of Korean having Korean nationality. Increase of Koreans from Korea: Extend of financial gap, the boom of study abroad in Japan by plan of 100,000 student studying abroad, liberalization of travels in Korea culturalexchangeforlongtimeasaneighboringcountry, DuringWWII,manyk=KoreanscametoJapan Chinese has many reasons to stay in Japan such as study abroad, marriage, training, work Chinese has experienced rapid economic growth: There might be more chinese P u r p o s e F u t u r e Short work contract workers who are indirect employment most brazilians work for manufacture: Although manufacture is effective by business fluctuations, but it has higher standard of salary Secure freedom of work and live Increase of Brazilian residents will slow down one of reasons is manufacture industry move to other countries Most refugees in Japan did not choose Japan Reason why some refugees chose Japan Acquaintances come from Japan Good experience by Japanese people Information form Burmese communities The number of ref