Baltic SCOPE stakeholder workshop on ENVIRONMENT *

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  • Introduction to environmental sector within the

    CBC: findings of the Baltic Scope project

    Anda Ruskule

    Jrmala, 31 May, 2016

  • Objectives for environment

    in MSP

    Requirements of the sector

    maintenance of resilient

    marine ecosystem and

    services it provides

    achievement of good

    environmental status (GES)

    of marine waters;

    Approaches for addressing environment in MSP

    Assessing and improving

    coherence MPA network

    Integration of the MSFD

    objectives in MSP

    Increasing knowledge and

    understanding of interactions

    between marine ecosystem

    and human activities

    Application of ecosystem based


  • Latvia:

    7 MPAs designated, covering 33 % of territorial waters and 1 % in EEZ (in total 15% of

    Latvian marine waters)

    claim from EC to designated sufficient area of Natura 2000 sites within EEZ

    5 investigation areas for potential designation of MPAs proposed by the MSP


    45% of Natura 2000 sites are marine areas, however only few offshore sites

    PoM foresees review of the existing MPA network and establish new MPAs in EEZ

    preliminary investigations were carried out and two possible areas are considered as

    potential MPAs for protection of reef habitats


    MPA network includes 1 national park, 42 nature reserve and 315 Natura 2000 areas,

    covering 7.7 % of the marine area

    the national goal is set to increase MPA network to10% of all marine areas by 2020

    County Administrative Boards have an important role in designation of MPAs

    one potential N2000 area suggested for protection of the Harbour Porpoise

    Coherence of the MPA network in CBC: current situation & development perspectives

  • Areas proposed for enlargement of MPA

    network in Sweden and Latvia:

  • MPA network in the CBC:

    existing and potential protected areas

  • Implementation of MSFD:

    PoM has strong focuss on three descriptors - alien species (D2), eutrophication (D5)

    and marine litter (D10);

    Spatial measures apply for descriptor - biological diversity (D1) including surveys

    and assessment of the potential MPAs in Latvian EEZ

    Implementation of EBA in MSP:

    link to the GES objectives and indicators established through assessment of possible

    impacts of alternative scenarios, SEA process and proposals for monitoring of MSP


    Spatial impacts assessed in relation to different components of marine ecosystem

    and provision of ecosystem services

    Impact matrix developed for assessment of sensitivity of species and habitats

    against different sea uses, ensuring precautionary principle and mitigation of

    negative impacts

    Integration with MSFD objectives and implementation of EBA:current situation & development perspectives- LATVIA

  • Integration with MSFD objectives:

    the national MSFD processes coordinated with the MSP both are carried out by


    Important coordination topics are MPA development, data management, assessment

    of pressures from human activities

    Achievement of GES is included in the Swedish Environmental objectives, which lays

    the basis for MSP

    Implementation of EBA in MSP:

    Mapping of marine green infrastructure and identification of areas with high

    ecological values as an important step to develop the best knowledge and practice

    identification of ecosystem services as part of impact assessment

    a spatial cumulative assessment tool called Symphony to be used in MSP for

    understanding the current and future pressures on the marine environment and

    implementation of the precaution principle

    Integration with MSFD objectives and implementation of EBA:current situation & development perspectives- SWEDEN

  • Integration with MSFD objectives:

    An integrated marine monitoring programme targeting the reporting

    recommendations on MSFD Article 11 has been compiled and relevant indicators of

    all descriptors have been established

    The MSFD indicators provide knowledge on the environmental status and indicate

    environmental changes attributed to the MSP process as well as can guide the MSP

    process in order to achieve effective spatial planning for sustainable development

    Implementation of EBA in MSP:

    To date no official document exists that explicitly targets the ecosystem based

    approach within the Estonian MSP. However, Estonian Planning Act states that one

    of the functions of MSP is to determine the measures required for the protection of

    marine environment

    MSP will set criteria and future research that is needed in order to make decisions on

    marine use (including licencing) after the adoption of MSP, thus laying basis for

    precaution principle

    MSP in Estonia will also include development of alternative scenarios; mitigation to

    be ensured through SEA process

    Integration with MSFD objectives and implementation of EBA:current situation & development perspectives- ESTONIA

  • 1) Ensuring coherence of the MPA network in the CBC area:

    Mapping of areas of high ecologically value:

    developing a common approach for benthic habitat mapping

    defining common criteria for identification of areas of high ecological value

    collection of the relevant data sets and/or performing of necessary field surveys

    Assessing representativeness of habitat and species coverage within the existing

    MPA network

    requires detailed knowledge on species and habitat distribution, which countries at

    the moment are lacking

    Assessing connectivity of the existing MPA network within CBC and potential

    areas for designation of MPAs:

    Identification of areas for ensuring connectivity - concept of Blue corridors:

    functional interconnection between the sites,

    conditions for spreading of species.

    identification of potential areas for MPA designations

    Future needs &Recommendations for actions:

  • Standartised map on environmental values

  • Environmental values and MPA network

  • 2) Increasing knowledge and understanding of interactions between

    marine ecosystem and human activities :

    Identification of MSFD descriptors and indicators that can applied

    for spatial assessment of impacts within MSP and related SEA and

    EIA procedures

    Based on screening of the MSFD indicators in EE, LV and SE the following

    descriptors and criteria proposed as the most relevant:

    descriptors biodiversity (D1) habitat range, habitat quality, ecosystem


    sea floor integrity (D6) - physical damage and community state

    introduction of energy, including underwater noise (D11) - Distribution

    in time and place of loud, low and mid frequency impulsive sounds and

    continuous low frequency sound

    Guidelines/criteria needed for impact assessment


    Future needs &Recommendations for actions :

  • 2) Increasing knowledge and understanding of interactions between marine ecosystem and

    human activities :

    Development of common approaches for assessing collective pressure

    of all human activities on marine environment:

    Identification of threats from particular activities to different ecological

    features (e.g. habitats, birds, fish, mammals)

    Assessing cumulative pressures from different sea uses at local level;

    Assessing cumulative impacts from trans-boundary perspective taking into

    account developments at the different parts of the Baltic Sea and their

    overall impact to marine biodiversity

    A need for common/standardised methodology

    analytical tool Symphony developed by SwAM for assessment of

    cumulative effects in MSP could be used as possible example

    Future needs &Recommendations for actions:

  • Example from the Harmony project showing the principle method

    Future needs &Recommendations for actions:

  • 2) Increasing knowledge and understanding of interactions between

    marine ecosystem and human activities :

    Criteria for applying precautionary principle and setting

    limitations/restrictions to sea use activities within the MSP:

    general assessment of impacts of particular sea uses can be misleading,

    because the actual level of impact would depend on extend of the activity

    as well as particular technologies applied

    Therefore along with elaboration of methods or tool for assessment of

    cumulative pressures, more precise criteria or procedures for application of

    the precaution principle shall be developed

    Future needs &Recommendations for actions

  • Thank you!