Smart Learning Environments - a framework for standardisation?

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  • Smart Learning Environments

    a potential framework for

    standardisation?

    Tore HoelOslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences

    Norway

    WG6 Melbourne meeting June 2017

  • The Challenge what has changed?

    Is technology the problem - or the way we conceive technology in

    relation to our domain?

    Lack of progress in SC36 we have not produced much of value!

    Lack of stakeholder involvement

    Have SC36 left the CD-ROM era?

    Is SMART going make the difference?

  • From AR/VR study group

  • Recommendation to SC36

    Human factor guidelines for AR and VR content in LET domain

    Note: this may be categorized to school or age levels.

    Interaction model in AR and VR content for educational usage

    Note: meta tagging in terms of library interoperability is included in this area.

    Cataloging models that bring together the curriculum and AR/VR learning

    resources (from metadata perspectives)

    Packaging standards for adding AR and VR contents to existing learning

    platforms (LMS/VLE);

    Learning analytic systems that reflect the use of AR and VR contents, etc.

    Note: data capturing standards in term of multi-model learning analytics

    We captured potential standardization items which can be covered

    in SC36. SC36 may consider project sharing between new WGs.

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    Very few technical issues identified

    its mostly about how AR&VR are used in education

    How to connect to the agendas that gives

    visibility and energy to our work?

  • The problem with Smart

    To define Smart Learning as the counterpoint to Stupid Learning is

    not so smart!

    A is, what B is not: Mathematically, this gives an indefinite space of A

    you will never be able to know what the boundaries of A are

    We have the same problem defining Scope when developing

    standards!

    Smart StupidSmart

  • Smart should be

    grounded

    So should also our

    standards work!

    What is the implied theoretical and

    empirical model behind

    Smart Learning Environments?

    What theoretical and empirical model of

    learning technologies should inform LET

    standardisation?

  • Conceptualizing the field

    Zhi-Ting Zhu

    Jonathan Michael

    Spector

    Gwo-Jen Hwang

    Rob Koper

  • SLE

    framework

    (Koper 2014)

  • Where do Zhu, Spector, Hwang requirements fit?

    Location-Aware

    Context-Aware

    Socially Aware

    Interoperability

    Seamless

    Connection

    Adaptability

    Ubiquitous

    Whole Record

    Natural

    Interaction

    High

    Engagement

    Scalable

    Flexible

    Personalized

    Conversational

    Reflective

    Innovative

  • Should SC36 work

    be led according to

    a SLE model?

  • What are we looking for?

    Ideas to structure our work, i.e., getting new work items addressing

    market needs

    Visibility of our work

    Engagement of new experts with the competencies we need

  • How would standards

    development

    according to Kopers

    SLE framework look

    like?

    26

  • Physical Environments

    CCNU project on developing metrics

    for describing Learning Space

  • Situations and Events

    Curricula standards

    Competency frameworks

    Vocabulary for contexts (LA activity

    specifications - xAPI)

    Nomadicity and Mobile Learning

  • Interventions

    What types of interventions?

    Question management

    Task management

    Provisioning of learning resources

    Conditioning of learning environment

    What digital support for pedagogical

    interventions?

  • Digital Devices

    Learning Technology Architecture

    Types of devices

    MOOCs

    Augmented and virtual reality tools

  • Observations

    All aspects of learning analytics

    Metics

    Activity stream formats

    Collection

    Storing

    Analysing

    Assessments and tests

  • Context-Awareness

    Need for vocabularies describing

    contexts

  • Adaptiveness

    Support for setting up learning

    instances based on observations

  • Identification

    Competency descriptions

    Learning targets

    Tasks

    Problem descriptions

  • Socialization

    Social learning support

    Peer learning

    Group learning

    Role Negotiation

  • Creation

    Support for all types of externalisation

    of learning activities

  • Practice

    Storage and retrieval

    Performance targets

    Self-monitoring systems

    Drill & practice

    Serious games

  • Reflection

    Create and present representations

    of representations

  • Project approach

    What's in scope?

    Stop doing framework standards answer the needs of the market

    Smaller pieces of work - e.g., facilitator model, classroom..

    9 months development cycle

  • The ideal world

    Smart learning, smart education, smart learning environments, etc.

    should to be grounded in a verified theory

    A coherent framework model of Smart Learning Environment

    When a new element is identified and being run through the model

    you see where it fits, and if not, where the model needs to be fixed

    Smart Learning Environment Framework: Model for structuring

    learning technology standardisation

  • The real world

    We will not have one framework guiding our standards development

    Smart is part of a language game serving political positioning

    rather than providing the scientific rigour needed to develop

    standards

    Go for a more pragmatic approach where SLE models are used to

    develop & evaluate NWIs refraining from doing large framework

    (multipart) standards, but start doing self-containedm, smaller

    standards

  • This work is licensed under a Creative Commons

    Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

    tore.hoel@hioa.no

    WeChat: Tore_no

    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/mailto:tore.hoel@hioa.no

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