Observation ethnography

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  • 2016 , . http://abrailas.github.io 1

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  • ;

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  • , , , (pre-studies).

    (interpretation) .

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  • : Cool

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  • ..

    (soft skills, mimic, pretend and hard realities)

    (soft skills, field notes, memory skills,, naivety, detachment & involvement, , )

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    Luis Wain at Bethlem Royal Hospital

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    Impression Management

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  • Reflect, reflect, reflect

    About my impression management

    Also ethical considerations. ;

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  • (Focus)

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    The trained eye can see more

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  • Everyone can look, but actually perceiving is something that has to be learnt. This is a constantly recurring problem when new students arrive. For the first few weeks they see nothing at all. When I explain to them at the end of an aggressive incident in the colony that Yeroen rushed up to Mama and slapped her, whereupon Gorilla and Mama joined forces and pursued Yeroen, who sought refuge with Nikkie, they look at me as if I am crazy. Whereas to me this is a superficial summary of a fairly simple interaction (only four chimpanzees were involved), the students have only seen a few black beasts chaotically charging around uttering ear-piercing screams. They will probably have missed the hard slap. (De Waal, 2007, chimpanzee politics, pp. 17-18)

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    : Thick description Cultural interpretation

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    Yale University http://www.yale.edu/sociology/UEP/Home.html

    http://www.yale.edu/sociology/UEP/Home.html

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    The mission of the Yale Urban Ethnography Project is to continue to develop a community of participant observers who are working in the traditions of DuBois, Park, Thomas, Blumer, Hughes, Drake and Cayton, Gans, Goffman, and Becker, among others.

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    The distinctive features revolve around the notions of people as meaning-makers, around an emphasis on understanding how people interpret their worlds, and the need to understand the particular cultural worlds in which people live and which they both construct and utilize. (Goldbart & Hustler, 2005)

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    . , .

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    Bronislaw Malinowski with natives on Trobriand Islands.

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    For some researchers, it can only be proper ethnography if the researcher is a participant observer in the everyday lives of whichever society or group s/he is studying (Goldbart & Hustler, 2005)

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    Marginal participants , ,

    Full participants ,

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    Emic -

    The emic perspectivethe insiders or natives perspective of realityis at the heart of most ethnographic research. The insiders perception of reality is instrumental to understanding and accurately describing situations and behaviors. Native perceptions may not conform to an objective reality, but they help the fieldworker understand why members of the social group do what they do. In contrast to a priori assumptions about how systems work from a simple, linear, logical perspectivewhich might be completely off targetethnography typically takes a phenomenologically oriented research approach. (Fetterman, 2009)

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    etic - An etic perspective is the external, social scientific perspective of reality. Some ethnographers are interested only in describing the emic view, without placing their data in an etic, or scientific, perspective. They stand at the ideational and phenomenological end of the ethnographic spectrum. Other ethnographers prefer to rely on etically derived data first and consider emically derived data secondary in their analysis. They stand at the materialist and positivistic philosophical end of the ethnographic spectrum. At one time, a conflict about whether the causes of human actions are motivated primarily by ideas (ideational, typically emically oriented perspective) or by the environment (materialist, often etically based perspective) consumed the field. Today, most ethnographers simply see emic and etic orientations as markers along a continuum of styles or different levels of analysis. (Fetterman, 2009)

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    Emic vs. etic

    Most ethnographers start collecting data from the emic perspective and then try to make sense of what they have collected in terms of both the natives view and their own scientific analysis. Just as thorough fieldwork requires an insightful and sensitive cultural interpretation combined with rigorous data collection techniques, good ethnography requires both emic and etic perspectives.. (Fetterman, 2009)

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    vs.

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    (, 2010, p. 229). (, 2010, p. 228). , , : , , (, 2003, p. 8).

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    Prigogine . , , , , .

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    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=svP4n089ZrU

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    Storify?

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    : WhyEat.net

    Study of an online eating disorder community (http://whyeat.net/)

    Storify: Sociability & usability of a Virtual Eating Disorder Community (https://storify.com/mholland4/sociability-and-usability-of-a-virtual-eating-diso)

    Prezi: https://prezi.com/p6gupyqs0po8/ethnography-of-an-online-forum/

    http://whyeat.net/https://storify.com/mholland4/sociability-and-usability-of-a-virtual-eating-disohttps://storify.com/mholland4/sociability-and-usability-of-a-virtual-eating-disohttps://prezi.com/p6gupyqs0po8/ethnography-of-an-online-forum/https://prezi.com/p6gupyqs0po8/ethnography-of-an-online-forum/

  • MOOCS

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    https://www.coursera.org/learn/qualitative-methods

    https://www.coursera.org/learn/quantitative-methods

    https://www.coursera.org/learn/qualitative-methodshttps://www.coursera.org/learn/quantitative-methodshttps://www.coursera.org/learn/quantitative-methodshttps://www.coursera.org/learn/quantitative-methodshttps://www.coursera.org/learn/quantitative-methods

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    Slide Number 3 : Cool .. Slide Number 8Reflect, reflect, reflect (Focus)Slide Number 12Slide Number 13Slide Number 14Slide Number 15Slide Number 16Slide Number 17Slide Number 18Slide Number 19Slide Number 20Slide Number 22Slide Number 23Slide Number 24Slide Number 25Slide Number 26Slide Number 27Slide Number 28Slide Number 29Slide Number 30Slide Number 31Slide Number 32Slide Number 33Slide Number 34Slide Number 35Slide Number 36Slide Number 37Slide Number 38Slide Number 39Slide Number 40Slide Number 41Slide Number 42Slide Number 43Slide Number 44Slide Number 45Slide Number 46Slide Number 47 moocSSlide Number 49Slide Number 50Slide Number 51