Nobel prize 1911 medicine

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Alivar Gullstrand

Text of Nobel prize 1911 medicine

  • 1. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1911 Allvar Gullstrand

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  • Allvar Gullstrand(5 June 1862, 28 July 1930) was a Swedish ophthalmologist.


  • Born at Landskrona, Sweden, Gullstrand was professor (18941927) successively of eye therapy and of optics at the University of Uppsala .

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  • He was entirely self-taught in the fields covering his most important work (geometric and physiological optics).


  • His methods of focal illumination, particularly by means of the slit lamp (1911), have acquired the greatest importance to the practical ophthalmologist.


  • His reflex-free ophthalmoscope (1911) is also a valuable instrument to the ophthalmological diagnostician.

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  • Gullstrand is noted also for his research on astigmatism and for improving the ophthalmoscope and corrective lenses for use after removal of a cataract from the eye.

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  • He was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1905, and served on the Academy's Prize Committee for Physics.
  • While serving on the committee, he used his position to block Einstein from receiving a Nobel Prize in Physics for his theory of relativity, which Allvar believed to be wrong.

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  • Presentation created by Dr Pratyush Chaudhuri for the Friday lectures at Nirmal Childrens Hospital.