Nobel Prize winners 2012

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Nobel Prize winners in Medicine/Physiology for the year 2012. A compilation from news gallery of washington post.

Text of Nobel Prize winners 2012

  • 1. Nobel Prize winners 2012Physiology/Medicine Compilation from News gallery of Washington Post

2. The Nobel Prize announcements beganMonday with the award in medicine, whichwas given to John Gurdon and ShinyaYamanaka . The prize for physics will beawarded on Tuesday, followed by chemistryon Wednesday and literature on Thursday.The Nobel Peace Prize will be announced onFriday and the Nobel Memorial Prize inEconomic Sciences will follow on Monday,Oct. 15.Washington Post 3. Oct. 8, 2012 Developmental biologist Sir John Gurdon attends a news conferenceafter winning the Nobel Prize for medicine in London. The Britishscientist shared the prize with Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanakafor separate experiments conducted almost 50 years apart. In 1962,Gurdon wowed the world of biology by cloning a frog via a clevertechnique: He transplanted the genetic material from an intestinalcell of one frog into an egg cell from another. The egg developed intoa tadpole, showing that ordinary cells contain the entire geneticinstruction manual for whole organism. Washington Post 4. Gurdon, 79, poses for photographs at a press conference afterbeing awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine in London. Gurdon isan emeritus professor at Cambridge University who conductsresearch at a Cambridge institute that bears his name; he wasknighted in 1995 for his work in developmental biology. His frogexperiments a half-century ago showed that scientists should beable to derive any one kind of cell from another, because theyveall got the same genes, Gurdon said at the news briefing. Washington Post 5. Sept. 1, 2008 Japanese scientist ShinyaYamanaka seen at KyotoUniversitys Institute for FrontierMedical Science in 2008 received the Nobel Prize inmedicine. In 2006 and 2007,Yamanaka extended the insightsprovided by Gurdons earlierresearch by turning back time onindividual cells from both mice andhumans. By sprinkling four geneson ordinary skin cells, Yamanakadiscovered a virtual fountain ofyouth: Any cell, he found, could bereverted to an early embryonicstate.Washington Post 6. Professor Yamanaka is a professor at Kyoto University inKyoto, Japan. On Monday, Yamanaka credited his co-laureate for making his advances possible. This field has along history starting with John Gurdon, he said in a brieftelephone interview posted on the Nobel Prize Web site.Yamanaka noted he was born in 1962 the year Gurdonpublished his pivotal frog experiments.Washington Post 7. This image shows induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells derived fromadult human dermal fibroblasts. Like embryonic cells, these cells can begrown into many other types of tissues, but without having to destroy anyembryos. The breakthrough offered hope that someday skin cells couldbe harvested from a patient, sent back in time to an embryonic state andthen grown into replacement tissues such as heart muscle or nerve cells.A huge global research effort is now working to develop iPS cells intotreatments for heart disease, some forms of blindness, Parkinsonsdisease and many other disorders.Washington Post 8. The mouse in the upper right was born from an eggcell that was made from iPS cells at Kyoto University. Washington Post