Gardening with Native Plants - Georgia Nativfe Plant Society

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Gardening with Native Plants - Georgia Nativfe Plant Society

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  • 1. eGARDENING WITH NATIVE PLANTS| THE GEORGIA NATIVE PLANT SOCIETYGROUNDCOVERSBUTTERFLY ATTRACTING PLANTSEvery year, native plants lose more ground to non-na-(ADULT FOOD SOURCES) tive plant species. Often these plants are brought here asAlleghany Spurge (Pachysandra procumbens)* evlandscape plants and are still available.Foam Flower (Tiarella cordifolia)* ev Butterfly Weed (Asclepias spp.)Purple Coneflower (Echinacea spp.)Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)* evTickseed (Coreopsis spp.) Avoid Using These Plants!!!Creeping Verbena (Verbena canadensis) DNon-native Invasive Plants Used in the Landscape (1)Creeping Phlox (Phlox subulata) evPhlox (Phlox spp.)Blazing Star (Liatris spp.)Green and Gold (Chrysogonum virginianum)* ev Chinese Privet (Ligustrum sinense)Creeping Verbena (Verbena canadensis) Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)Goldenrod (Solidago spp.) Bamboo (Phyllostachys aurea)FERNS (FOR SHADE) Asters (Aster spp.) Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata)Stokes Aster (Stokesia laevis) Asian Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis, Wisteria floribunda)Christmas (Polystichum acrostichoides) DevJoe-pye Weed (Eupatorium spp.) Mimosa Tree (Albizia julibrissin)Royal (Osmunda regalis) w Ironweed (Vernonia spp.) Chinaberry Tree (Melia azedarach)Cinnamon Fern (Osmunda cinnamomea) wNorthern Maidenhair (Adiantum pedatum)Mistflower (Conoclinium coelestinum)Virgins Bower (Clematis virginiana) English Ivy (Hedera helix) Zebragrass (Miscanthus sinensis)eNew York (Thelypteris noveboracensis) w Black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia spp.) Japanese Climbing Fern (Lygodium japonicum)Lady (Athyrium filix-femina) wEbony Spleenwort (Asplenium platyneuron) DevBee Balm (Monarda spp.)Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) Nandina (Nandina domestica) Empress/Paulownia Tree (Paulownia tomentosa)GARDENING WITHPLEASE NOTEPiedmont Azalea (Rhododendron canescens)Virginia Sweetspire (Itea virginica) Queen Annes Lace (Daucus carota) Wintercreeper (Euonymus fortunei) NATIVE PLANTSObedient Plant (Physostegia virginiana) Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora)This brochure was designed for the piedmont but willprove useful for the rest of Georgia. The plants listed are BUTTERFLIES AND THEIR LARVAL FOOD SOURCEShardy in the northern part of the state though some may ABOUT THE GEORGIA NATIVE PLANT SOCIETYbe native to southern portions of Georgia.Monarch: Butterfly Weed/Milkweed (Asclepias spp.)Gulf Fritillary: Passionflower Vine (Passiflora spp.)Mission Statement of the Georgia Native Plant Society:SOIL PREPARATIONVariegated Fritillary: Violets (Viola spp.), PassionflowerSpicebush Swallowtail: Sassafras (Sassafras albidum) To promote the stewardship and conservation of Geor-Eastern Black Swallowtail: (Daucus pusillus) gias native plants and their habitats through educationThroughout most of Georgia, layers of topsoil have beenZebra Swallowtail: Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)and with the involvement of individuals and organiza-lost to development and agricultural practices. MostPipevine Swallowtail: Pipevines (Aristolochia spp.)tions.newer homes are built on hard clay subsoil. To provideTiger Swallowtail: Tulip Poplar, Cottonwoodthe optimal growing conditions for most plants, the soilPearl Crescent: Asters (Aster spp.)The Georgia Native Plant Society offers a quarterlymust be amended with organic components. ThesePainted Lady: Thistles (Cirsium spp.)newsletter, educational programs, lectures, symposia,consist of good quality topsoil, compost or soil con-Red Admiral: Nettles (Urtica/Boehmeria spp.) field trips and rescue events to educate its members andditioners. Add approximately a 3-inch layer of suchSulphurs: Clover (Trifolium spp.)the general public. For more information, visit our webmaterial on top and till this into the top 10 inches ofCheckered Skipper: Asters (Aster spp.) site at or call us at 770-343-6000.soil. This will provide long-term nutrients and enhanceViceroy: Willows, Cherries and Plumsdrainage. Consult with your local nursery specialist forMourning Cloak: Elm, Willow and Cottonwood (1) Source: Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Councilassistance. Banded Admiral: Birch (Betula nigra) http://www.gaeppc.orgTHE GEORGIA NATIVE PLANT SOCIETYP Box 422085 Atlanta, GA 30342 PH: 770-343-6000 .O.

2. Check membership level: ___Individual/Family ($20) ___Senior, 55 and older ($15) ___Full-time Student ($15)___ Corporate/Commercial/Education ($50) eGARDENING WITH NATIVE PLANTS| THE GEORGIA NATIVE PLANT SOCIETYMail this form along with your check to: GNPS, PO Box 422085, Atlanta, Georgia, 30342-2085 In addition to my membership, I have included $____ for (check one): ___education ___conservation/restoration ___research ___unrestricted support Memberships are effective for one calendar year, beginning January 1st. Submit renewals by March 31 to avoid cancellation.Though many definitions exist, this brochure includes LARGE SHADE TREESPERENNIALS FOR SHADE only those plants that evolved in this area or were grow- ing here prior to the arrival of European settlers.Southern Red Oak (Quercus falcata) D Foam Flower (Tiarella cordifolia) w evWhite Oak (Quercus alba) Woodland Phlox (Phlox stolonifera or Phlox divaricata) ADVANTAGES OF GARDENNING WITH NATIVE PLANTSLoblolly Pine (Pinus taeda) DAlum Root (Heuchera americana) D ev Email _______________________________________________Trade Name (if applicable)______________________________Hickory (Carya spp.) D Red Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) To add natural beauty to your landscape. Red Maple (Acer rubrum) wBloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) Native plants are adapted to the local soil and climate. Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum) wGreen n Gold (Chrysogonum virginiana) ev Check #_________Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) w Turtlehead (Chelone glabra) w They are more resistant to local pests and diseases. River Birch (Betula nigra) w Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis) w Home Phone (_____)_________________________ Work Phone (_____)_____________________________Pin Oak (Quercus palustris) wGolden Groundsel (Senecio aureus) D Often low maintenance when sited correctly and properlyBlackgum (Nyssa sylvatica) D established. PERENNIALS FOR SUN City: _________________________________ State ________________ 9-digit zip________--_______ ___Check here if you would like to have your email address added to the GNPS Listserv (confidential) To provide food and shelter for native wildlife dependentSMALL TREESApplication for Membership or Renewal upon specific plants. Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia spp.) DGeorgia Native Plant Society To provide a refuge for native plants losing their habitats. Dogwood (Cornus florida)*Tickseed (Coreopsis spp.) Name______________________________________________________________________Address: ___________________________________________________________________Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.)Coneflower (Echinacea spp.) DSilverbell (Halesia spp.)* Blue Star (Amsonia cilliata) D WHAT THREATS ARE FACING NATIVE PLANTS? Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia)*False Indigo (Baptisia spp.) DPainted Buckeye (Aesculus sylvatica)*Phlox (Phlox paniculata or P. subulata) New______ Primarily our native plants are being threatened byHop Hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) D Butterfly Weed (Asclepias spp.) D habitat loss caused by development.Redbud (Cercis canadensis) D Purple Muhly Grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris) DHackberry (Celtis occidentalis) DJoe pye Weed (Eupatorium spp.) w Our native plants are also under threat from non-native plants invading natural areas and displacing them. OftenIronweed (Vernonia spp.) wSHRUBS Swamp Hibiscus (Hibiscus coccineus) w Renewal______ these plants are sold in nurseries as landscape plants. Swamp Sunflower (Helianthus angustifolius) wPiedmont Azalea (Rhododendron canescens)*Spiderwort (Tradescantia virginiana) D WHAT CAN YOU DO? Sweetshrub (Calycanthus floridus)Bee Balm (Monarda fistulosa) DSweetspire (Itea virginica) wBlazing Star (Liatris spp.) D Use native plants wherever possible in your landscape. Oakleaf Hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia)* Asters (Aster spp.) D Dont use non-natives known to be invasive (see list). Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana) Goldenrod (Solidago spp.) DAnise (Illicium floridanum, I. parviflorum) w * ev Encourage your favorite nurseries to sell nativesDoghobble (Leucothoe spp.) w * evVINESSummersweet (Clethra alnifolia) w TOTAL ENCLOSED: $____________ Buy native plants only from reputable sources and only pur-___Lifetime Individual/Family ($250) chase those that are clearly labeled Nursery Propagated. Fothergilla (Fothergilla spp.) w Coral Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria) w ev Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens or G. rankinii) ev Join or support your local native plant societyInkberry (Ilex glabra) w evAmerican Wisteria (Wisteria frutescens) Support or encourage green space preservationWinterberry (Ilex verticillata) wCrossvine (Bignonia capreolata) evSumac (Rhus spp.) DSumac (Rhus spp.) D Date: _______________Red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia) DRed chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia) D QUESTIONS? Wax Myrtle (Morella cerifera) D ev Wax Myrtle (Morella cerifera) D evDevils Walking Stick (Aralia spinosa) D Devils Walking Stick (Aralia spinosa) D Contact the Georgia Native Plant Society for more infor- New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) DNew Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) D mation at or 770-343-6000.Lowbush Blueberry (Vaccinium pallidum) D Lowbush Blueberry (Vaccinium pallidum) D