The Paleolithic and Neolithic Ages

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The Paleolithic and Neolithic Ages. Before and after 8000BC. The Paleolithic Age. Known as the Old Stone Age Starts with the beginnings of early man All early humans were part of this age Lives were nomadic moved constantly to adapt to environment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • The Paleolithic and Neolithic AgesBefore and after 8000BC

  • The Paleolithic AgeKnown as the Old Stone AgeStarts with the beginnings of early manAll early humans were part of this ageLives were nomadic moved constantly to adapt to environmentConstant search for food, shelter, water Considered hunter-gatherersLived in clans usually family basedNumerous achievements accomplished in this time period

  • Characteristics/Achievements of the Paleolithic AgeInvented the first simple stone toolsUsed for many reasons, mainly survivalLearned to control and create fireGives warmth, protectionCreated a very simple oral language Created cave artCreated by hunter-gatherer societies during the Old Stone AgeMost early cave art found in Africa, Europe, and AustraliaPurpose of art was to convey messages, mark territory, and create historical accounts

  • The Neolithic RevolutionNeo = new, Lithic = StoneRevolution = major change in societyCreation of farming marks the Neolithic AgeStarted about 8,000 BCENeolithic Revolution is the start of farmingCrop growth was aided by warmer climate (the end of last Great Ice Age)Allowed nomads to begin to settle in one areaFarming starts by clans leaving remains of plantsUpon their return they found food growingThis was the birth of farming

  • Characteristics of the Neolithic RevolutionAbility to farm and domesticate plantsCorn, wheat, maize, etc. able to be grown each yearAbility to domesticate animals for consumptionCattle, sheep, and other docile animals give a constant source of protein and meatAdvanced tools and techniques createdVast improvements of the stone tools of the pastPottery created for numerous usesEating, drinking, storage and carrying of waterWeaving skills createdAllowed clothing and blankets to be created

  • Effects of the Neolithic RevolutionBeginning of agriculture leads toAbility to create permanent settlementsConstant food sourcesStart of the creation of civilizationsFarming leads to more foodMore food allowed people to live longerLonger lives led to large populationsLarger population led to increase demand for foodTo create more food, new ideas ariseSlash and burn farming- cutting down trees and burning them to let ashes into the soil to add nutrientsDomestication - taming animals for working and for slaughter (sheep, pigs, cattle)

  • Other New InventionsNew ways to farmInvented the plow to till the land fasterUsed animals to pull the plow Created less human laborMade stronger tools/ weapons using metalsMixed copper and tin to make bronzeBegins the Bronze AgeBronze Age begins around 2500 BC (times vary)Bronze was stronger and more durable than stone tools

  • Archeologists & Anthropologists.Numerous locations have been studiedStonehenge, Aleppo, Jericho, Catal Hayuk (Anatolia)All early cities of the Fertile Crescent (except Stonehenge)Stonehenge built during the Bronze Age