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Students helping students · PDF file As a group discuss the Advantages/Disadvantages of Peer Mediation. Have you ever witnessed/experienced Peer Mediation during grade school? Scenario

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  • Peer Mediation “Students helping students”

  • What is Peer Mediation?

    Peer Mediation is a communication process in which the individuals

    with a problem work together, assisted by a neutral third party, to

    solve the problem.

  • Peer Mediation: Vocabulary

    Mediate: To intervene between two or more disputing parties in order to bring about an agreement

    Disputant: One engaged in an argument or conflict

    Ground Rule: One of the several basic rules for conducting peer mediation, spelled out to the disputants at the beginning of the session.

  • Peer Mediation

     Mediation Process: Six Step Model

     Step #1:

    Agree to mediation (Request Form)

    Make introductions

     State ground rules

     Step #2:

    Gather information

     Ask each person to explain what happened

     Ask each person whether he or she wants to add anything

  • Mediation Process: Six Step Model

     Step #3:

     Focus on common interests

     Determine and summarize shared interests

     Step #4:

     Create options

     Brainstorm solutions and ask disputants what can be done to resolve the problem

    Peer Mediation

  • Mediation Process: Six Step Model

     Step #5:

    Evaluate the options

     Ask each person what could be done to resolve the problem

     Step #6:

     Create an agreement

     Write up an agreement and have disputants sign it

     Shake hands

    Peer Mediation

  • Example of Peer Mediation Process:

    While watching the video:

    • High school setting

    • Watch how Sarah explains the student mediation process at her school

    • Peer Mediation Agreement Form: Documentation File

    Peer Mediation: A Process of Respect

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gQ0ZLdHlHM

  • Four Basic Principles:

    1. Neutrality

    2. Self-determination

    3. Confidentiality

    4. Voluntary Consent

    Peer Mediation

  • Peer Mediation Program

     Most widely used conflict resolution program in schools

     Conflict Resolution Tool

    Instead of disciplinary actions:

    Suspension & Detention

     Time-consuming role

     “Our school is a place where we can talk about our differences. We don’t have to

    fight to get justice.”

    Peer Mediation attacks the problem not the person.

  • Who are the mediators?

    • Students (Sarah-Video)

    • 2-4 day training

    • Students can begin working with a peer mediation program as early as the 3rd grade

    • Develop skills:

    • Listening to both sides

    • Gaining trust

    • Identifying positions, issues, and interests

    • Building communication between parties

    • Dealing with emotions

    • Problem solving skills

    • Using settlement techniques

  • What kinds of disputes can be mediated?

     Misunderstandings between students

     Teasing or name-calling

     Relationship arguments

     Accusations of theft or destruction of property

     Rumors and/or fights between groups

  • Lauren: Ever since you wouldn’t let your friend Melissa copy the answers to your math test, Melissa has been writing threatening e-mails to you and spreading rumors about you to your friends. It’s been two weeks and you’re tired of putting up with it. You start spreading rumors about her and pranking her cell phone. The next day, Melissa is waiting for you after school, ready to fight. Question: Instead of retaliating, what do you think Lauren should have done to resolve the problem? Peer Mediation: As a group discuss the Advantages/Disadvantages of Peer Mediation. Have you ever witnessed/experienced Peer Mediation during grade school?

    Scenario

  • Peer Mediation

    Advantages:

    Resolves student conflicts

     Teaches students essential life skills

     Motivates students to resolve their conflicts collaboratively

    Increases self- esteem

     Improves school climate

     Meets needs of both students and educators

    Disadvantages:

     Privacy

     Student cooperation

     Students are embarrassed

     Process of training peer mediators

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