Southwest Baltic Case Topic Paper on .Southwest Baltic Case Topic Paper on Fisheries ... in a transboundary

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  • Southwest Baltic Case

    Topic Paper on Fisheries

    This Topic paper is the working paper based on the joint Baltic SCOPE exercise and cannot be treated as the official

    opinion of the European Commission and Member States involved.

  • 2 of 47

    Preface

    This Topic paper has been developed during the first two phases of the South West Case in the

    Baltic Scope project. In total four topic papers have been developed in the Case, one for each of

    the topic dealing with Energy, Shipping, Environment and Fishing. The Case study has also

    produced a technical paper about Shipping and safety distances to structures like offshore

    windfarms. The papers have been developed generically over a period from March 2015 to march

    2016.

    The main purpose of the topic papers was to initiate the discussions about which topics might be

    interesting, and why so, in a transboundary maritime spatial planning context in the region.

    Another aim was to create a joint knowledges base for the planners to discuss common

    transboundary issues to be handled in the process of developing coherent maritime spatial

    planning in the region. Therefore; the papers shall be assessed in its context of the Case studies

    and the purpose of the Baltic Scope project and not as a full technical report stating the exact and

    current situation in South West Baltic.

    The responsibility of developing the topic papers was a shared between the project partners with

    one country responsible for one topic each, Germany was topic lead for Energy, Denmark for

    Shipping, Poland for environment and Sweden for Fishing. In the process of developing the

    papers the Topic leader have had contacts with relevant authorities in the other countries to

    secure a comprehensive understanding and view. Earlier versions have been discussed and

    adjusted accordingly in the process to what is now the final version.

    The topic papers have also been used to as knowledge base in stakeholder discussions and the

    final versions have been influenced by stakeholders input.

    As the project moved on in to discussing planning solutions it was jointly decided that the topic

    papers has served its purpose and that it would not gain more to the project to do more work on

    the papers. Therefore it was decided to not spend time on layout, cross reading and updating of

    facts to make it in to a full Topic report. Therefore, once more, the papers should be understood

    as working documents and not technical reports as such.

    Case study Coordinator for the South West Case in Baltic Scope.

    Tomas Andersson

  • 3 of 47

    Content

    Conclusion and recommendation .................................................................................................... 5

    Summary ......................................................................................................................................... 6

    1. Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 7

    1.1 The South West Baltic case and topic fisheries ................................................................. 7

    1.2 Relevance and findings from regional discussion on fisheries and MSP in the South West

    Baltic case ................................................................................................................................ 7

    2. Sector background ...................................................................................................................... 9

    2.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 9

    2.2 Ecosystem approach A link between fishery management and Marine Spatial Planning 12

    2.3 Spatial aspects of fishery management .............................................................................. 14

    2.4 Spatial aspects of the Fishery sector .................................................................................. 16

    2.4.1 Available data in the fisheries sector ............................................................................. 16

    2.4.2 Regional maps as potential for improvements of planning evidence ............................ 17

    3. Method and Representation of fisheries in Baltic Scope ................................................... 20

    4. Characteristics of Fisheries in Partner countries ............................................................... 22

    4.1 Fisheries in Denmark ........................................................................................................... 22

    4.2 Fisheries in Germany .......................................................................................................... 23

    4.3 Fisheries in Poland .............................................................................................................. 26

    4.3.1 Introduction .................................................................................................................... 26

    4.3.2 Fishing grounds ............................................................................................................. 27

    4.3.3 Spawning areas for commercial species ....................................................................... 29

    4.3.4 Areas of national interest for fisheries Process and criteria for pointing out .............. 29

    4.5 Fisheries in Sweden ............................................................................................................ 30

    4.5.1 Fishing activities ............................................................................................................ 30

    4.5.2 Fish habitats .................................................................................................................. 35

    5. Fishery in MSP process: Four strategic questions .................................................................... 37

    5.1 Question 1: How do you want to represent fisheries in your marine plan? ................... 37

    5.1.1 Denmark ........................................................................................................................ 37

    5.1.2 Germany ........................................................................................................................ 37

    5.1.3 Poland ........................................................................................................................... 38

    5.4.1 Sweden ......................................................................................................................... 39

    5.2. Who is involved in representing fisheries in your marine plan? ......................................... 41

    This Topic paper is the working paper based on the joint Baltic SCOPE exercise and cannot be treated as the official

    opinion of the European Commission and Member States involved.

  • 4 of 47

    5.2.1 Denmark ........................................................................................................................ 41

    5.2.2 Germany ........................................................................................................................ 41

    5.2.3. Poland .......................................................................................................................... 41

    5.2.4 Sweden ......................................................................................................................... 42

    5.3. Question 3: How would you like to present your fishing interests in other countries EEZ? 43

    5.3.1 Denmark ........................................................................................................................ 43

    5.3.2 Germany ........................................................................................................................ 43

    5.3.3 Poland ........................................................................................................................... 43

    5.3.5 Sweden ......................................................................................................................... 43

    5.4 Question 4: How would you like other countries to present their fishing interests in your marine plan? .............................................................................................................................. 44

    5.4.1 Denmark ........................................................................................................................ 44

    5.4.2 Germany ........................................................................................................................ 44

    5.4.3 Poland ........................................................................................................................... 44

    5.4.4 Sweden ......................................................................................................................... 44

    8 Findings/Recommendations ....................................................................................................... 45

    8.1 Towards a common solution? Main differences between compiled national maps of fisheries ..................................................................................................................................... 45

    8.1.1 Introduction .................................................................................................................... 45

    8.1.2 Differences in data of fishery act