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SNRPDP On the Road to Reading with the Common Core State Standards Fluency Phonics Fluency Comprehension Slide 2 SNRPDP Common Core State Standards for Fluency 3 rd and 4 th Grades Move to reading aloud with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. Read on-level text with purpose and understanding. Read on-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary. Continue reading with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. Read on-level text with purpose and understanding. Read on-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, Slide 3 SNRPDP Fluencys Four Corners Accuracy Prosody Whats happening in your school? Rate Comprehension Slide 4 SNRPDP Fluency According to A Dictionary of Reading and Related Terms, fluency is... the ability to read smoothly, easily and readily with freedom from word recognition problems. Slide 5 SNRPDP Fluent Readers A fluent reader can: read at a rapid rate automatically recognize words phrase correctly Slide 6 SNRPDP Automaticity Automaticity refers to the ability to recognize many words as whole units quickly and accurately. It is knowing how to do something so well you dont have to think about it. Slide 7 SNRPDP Three Signs of Automaticity A child is reading fluently if he can: read with expression read aloud and then retell the story or content of the selection comprehend equally well a similar passage read if listened to Slide 8 SNRPDP High Frequency Words There are approximately 600,000+ words in the English language. 13 words account for over 25% of the words in print 100 words account for approximately 50% of the words in print 250 words make up 70-75% of all the words children use in writing Of those 250 words, about 20% are function words such as a, the, and and Slide 9 SNRPDP Can HFWs be taught? Research shows that readers store irregular words in the lexical memory in the same way they store so- called regular words. (Gough and Walsh, 1991) Children do not learn irregular words as easily or quickly as regular ones. Therefore, children need to be taught irregular, high- frequency words with explicit instruction. Standard RF.3.3d Slide 10 SNRPDP Irregular Word Teaching Sequence Teacher Demonstration Your Turn to Try Slide 11 SNRPDP Measuring Oral Reading Rate One minute, cold read 100 word passage Errors = Mispronunciations (bell for ball) Substitutions (dog for cat) Omissions 3 second rule Slide 12 SNRPDP Scoring the Oral Reading Rate To calculate a students oral reading rate, do the following: Correct # of words read divided by Total # of words read equals Accuracy Rate Slide 13 SNRPDP Determining Reading Levels 96% - 100% Independent Level 90% - 95% Instructional Level - 89% Frustration Level Slide 14 SNRPDP Fluency Rubrics Slide 15 SNRPDP Fluency Strategies and Activities Lessons for Prosody Connected Text Guess My Emotion Choral Reading Using Poetry and Prose Readers Theatre Lessons for Rate Repeated Readings Phrased Reading Readers Theatre Lessons for Accuracy Read Speed Give Me Five Quick Sort Readers Theatre Standard RF.3,4,5.4b Slide 16 SNRPDP Dr. Richard Allington once wrote... Fluency... the neglected goal of reading instruction.