Self Compassion: A Resilience Factor during the Menopause ... Self-Compassion • Healthy way of relating

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  • Self Compassion: A Resilience Factor during the Menopause Transition

    Lydia Brown, psychologist PhD/MA (Clinical Psychology) PhD submitted July 2015 University of Melbourne, Australia

  • (Freeman et. al., 2011; Sarrell et. al., 2015)

    The Burden of Hot Flushes

  • Sarah Sheila

    (Brown et al., 2014; Carpenter & Rand, 2008; Rand et. al., 2011)

    15%

    85%

    Percent of variance in hot flush interference ratings not explained by flush frequency

  • Self-Compassion •  Healthy way of relating towards the self when facing

    difficulties (Neff, 2002)

    Self-Kindness Common Humanity Mindfulness

  • Methods •  Community sample of 517 women

    aged 40-60 who had participated in an earlier longitudinal study of health and well-being ▫  206 women reported current hot

    flushes ▫  10 year longitudinal data for 490

    participants •  Structural equation modelling

    using Mplus statistical software

  • Results

  • Menopausal Predictors or Well-being

  • Self-compassion, Menopause and Well- being

    ∆ R2 = .02 - .10

  • It Isn’t All in Your Head Self-compassion Take control

    •  Dialogue •  Workplace issues •  Health care •  Personal cooling •  Education

    •  Self-kindness •  Common

    humanity •  Mindfulness

    Self- Compassion

    Take Control

  • Menopause occurs in a cultural context. A context that often glorifies youth.

  • Positive Attitude to Ageing Negative attitude to Ageing

  • • Brown, L., Bryant, C., Brown, V. M., Bei, B., & Judd, F. K. Self-compassion attitudes to ageing and well-being among midlife women. Ageing and Mental Health, In press.

    • Brown, L., Bowden, S., Bryant, C., Brown, V. M., Bei, B., Glison, K. & Judd, F. K. The Validity and Utility of the Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire in Predicting Menopausal Factors and Well-being Trajectories. Maturitas, in press.

  • Two Tiers of Intervention

    Prime, Plan, Peer-pressure

    NUDGES (PPP)

    Talk, Touch, Take- control

    EXERCISES(TTT)

  • Research Team

    Assoc. Prof. Christina Bryant Prof. Fiona Judd

    Committee members Prof. Stephen Bowden, Assoc. Prof. Jennifer Boldero and Prof. Henry Jackson

    Dr. Bei Bei and Ms. Valerie Brown

  • References •  Sarrel, P., Portman, D., Lefebvre, P., Lafeuille, M.-H., Grittner, A. M., Fortier, J., et al. (2015). Incremental direct and

    indirect costs of untreated vasomotor symptoms. Menopause, 22(3), 260-266. •  Carpenter, J. (2001). The Hot Flash Related Daily Interference Scale: A tool for assessing the impact of hot flashes on quality

    of life following breast cancer. J Pain Symptom Manag, 22(6), 979-989. •  Dennerstein, L., Lehert, P., Burger, H., & Dudley, E. (1999). Mood and the menopausal transition. The Journal of nervous

    and mental disease, 187(11), 685. •  Dennerstein, L., Smith, A., & Morse, C. (1994). Psychological well-being, mid-life and the menopause. Maturitas, 20(1), 1-11. •  Freeman EW, Sammel MD, Lin H, Liu Z, Gracia CR. Duration of menopausal hotflushes and associated risk factors. Obstet

    Gynecol 2011;117(5):1095 •  Hunter, M., & O'Dea, I. (2001). Cognitive appraisal of the menopause: the menopause representations questionnaire (MRQ).

    Psychology, Health & Medicine, 6(1), 65-76. •  Judd, F. K., Hickey, M., & Bryant, C. (2011). Depression and midlife: Are we overpathologising the menopause? Journal of

    affective disorders. •  Levy, B., Slade, M. D., Kunkel, S. R., & Kasl, S. V. (2002). Longevity increased by positive self-perceptions of aging. Journal

    of personality and social psychology, 83(2), 261. •  Lewis, C. (2008). Why Barack Obama and David Cameron are keen to'nudge'you. Times Online, July. •  Neff, & Germer. (2013). A Pilot Study and Randomized Controlled Trial of the Mindful Self-Compassion Program. Journal of

    Clinical Psychology, 69(1), 28-44. •  Sirois, F. M., Molnar, D. S. & Hirsch, J. K. (2015): Self- Compassion, Stress, and Coping in the Context of Chronic Illness,

    Self and Identity, DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2014.996249 •  Steptoe, A., Deaton, A., & Stone, A. A. (2014). Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing. The Lancet.