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WebQuest: Name ______________________ Introduction to Respiration A. http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/labbench/lab5/intro.html 1. Cellular respiration occurs in most cells of both plants and animals. It takes place in the ___________________, where energy from nutrients converts _______ to _______. 2. ATP is used for all cellular activities that require _______________. 3. Go to the next screen and write a word equation for respiration: 4. Go to the next screen - Grasshopper “closer look” - describe what is happening when the grasshopper respires. B. http://dwb.unl.edu/Teacher/NSF/C11/C11Links/www.harcourtcollege.com/chem/biochem/ GarrettGrisham/HardToGrasp/Redox/Redox.html 1. How OIL RIG is going to help you remember the definitions of Oxidation and Reduction . C. http://www2.wwnorton.com/college/biology/discoverbio3/full/content/ch8/animations.asp 1. Click on 8.1a: View the animation and sketch a picture that depicts the process of photosynthesis .

Respiration and Photosynthesis Websites ...lovelandhighschool.wikispaces.com/file/view/Respiration... · Web viewThis "Plant Respiration" lab uses seedlings and a bromothymol blue

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Respiration and Photosynthesis Websites

WebQuest:

Name ______________________

Introduction to Respiration

A. http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/labbench/lab5/intro.html

1. Cellular respiration occurs in most cells of both plants and animals. It takes place in the ___________________, where energy from nutrients converts _______ to _______.

2. ATP is used for all cellular activities that require _______________.

3. Go to the next screen and write a word equation for respiration:

4. Go to the next screen - Grasshopper closer look - describe what is happening when the grasshopper respires.

B. http://dwb.unl.edu/Teacher/NSF/C11/C11Links/www.harcourtcollege.com/chem/biochem/GarrettGrisham/HardToGrasp/Redox/Redox.html

1. How OIL RIG is going to help you remember the definitions of Oxidation and Reduction.

C. http://www2.wwnorton.com/college/biology/discoverbio3/full/content/ch8/animations.asp

1. Click on 8.1a: View the animation and sketch a picture that depicts the process of photosynthesis.

2. Click on 8.2a: View the animation of Glycolysis.

Where does Glycolysis occur in cells? _________________

Electrons are donated to ___ molecules of NAD+, generating 2 molecules of ___________.

In glycolysis, there is a net energy yield of ___ ATP and ___ NADH molecules.

How many ATP molecules are needed for glycolysis to happen?

How many ATP molecules are made by glycolysis?

3. Click on 8.2b: View the animation of Krebs Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle).

Before the Krebs Cycle, the pyruvate molecule is split into ___________ (released) and ________________ (the high energy molecule that enters the Krebs Cycle).

How many carbons does pyruvate have? ____

How many carbons does Acetyl CoA have? ____

Where does the Kreb Cycle occur in cells? ______________________

In the Krebs Cylce (Citric Acid Cycle) a 4-Carbon compound called _____________ is combined the 2-C compound called ________________ to make a 6-C compound called ________________.

During the Krebs Cycle, __ CO2 are released. How many carbons is that? ___

All of the carbons in the pyruvate (3-C compound) are released as _________.

3. Click on 8.2c: View the animation of Oxidative Phosphorylation.

Where does Oxidative Phosphorylation occur in cells? _____________________

Donated ________________ move through the ____________________________ that occurs through several different protein channels. What is this type of transport called (using protein channels)? ______________________________.

Electrons are donated to __________________ (the final electron acceptor) that has entered the mitochondrial matrix through the process of ____________________. Oxygen then combines with protons (H+) to form _______________.

Draw a picture of frame 6, labeling all of the parts shown in the picture

D. http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/Common/respiration.html

1. Where does respiration occur in prokaryotes (bacteria)?

2. Click go, then animate Food is the electron _________________ and Oxygen is the electron _______________.

3. During respiration the disposal product of food (glucose) is ________________.

4. During respiration the disposal product of water is _____________________.

E. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/teachers/biology/activities.shtml

Click on Chemical Reactions during Respiration

1. Write the equation for Respiration

2. Describe in words what happens to the glucose molecule.

F. http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/biocoach/cellresp/overview.html

1. Glycolysis occurs in the _____________________.2. The Krebs cycle takes place in the __________________ of the ________________________.3. Oxidative phosphorylation via the electon transport chain is carried out on the _____________________________.

4. Fill in the words for A-H in the following diagram.

5. Fill in what the result of Glycolysis is (at the end of the arrows).

6. Fill in what the result of Krebs Cycle is (at the end of the arrows)

G. http://staff.jccc.net/pdecell/cellresp/respintro.html

1. Fill in the number of ATP, NADH, FADH2 and CO2 in the diagram below

H. http://www.biosci.uga.edu/metabolism/overview1.html - Watch the Animations

Glycolysis

1. Glycolysis means _________________________.

2. During Glycolysis enzymes break a 6-carbon ______________ into _______ 3-carbon _________________.

3. What 3 things go into Glycolysis? ____________________________________

4. What are the 3 products of Glycolysis? _________________________________

5. Does Glycolysis require oxygen? ______________________________________

6. What must be present for glycolysis to begin? ______________________________

7. What does NADH do?

Click on Krebs Cycle

1. The Krebs cycle takes materials made during glycolysis and turns them into ______________ and ________________, which contain the ________________ used to fuel the last phase of metabolism in which large amounts of ATP are produced.

2. Why are mitochondria so important to a cell? ______________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

3. click on Evolution of Mitochondria where do scientists think mitochondria came from?

4. What evidence do scientists have to prove that?

5. The Krebs Cycle turns ___ times for each glucose molecule that goes through respiration.

6. The main role of the Krebs Cycle is to produce __________ and ______________, the high energy molecules that carry the electrons which will be used to make ATP.

7. For every molecule of glucose that enters the Krebs Cycle, what is produced?

Click on Electron Transport (Oxidative Phosphorylation)

1. The two main parts are the:

Electron Transport Chain which produces ______________

Chemiosmosis which produces ____________________

2. The two taxicabs are _________ and __________ which take their passengers the ________________ to _____________________________________________. The passengers jump from cab to cab to get to their destination, the final electron carrier: ___________.

3. What is the importance of breathing in the process of respiration?

4. During the Electron Transport Chain, H+ went from __________________ to _________________________ and build up like a dam. ________________ is the name of the enzyme that acts like a turbine to get H+ rapidly into the inner membrane of the mitochondria, which creates energy to change ADP + P to ____________________.

5. Summary of Electron Transport Phosphorylation

Inputs

Outputs

6. The Electron Transport System is located where? _________________________

7. The final electron receptor for cellular respiration is _______________________

8. What is the direct source of ATP generation during the Electron Transport Phosphorylation?____________________________________________________________

I. ATP synthase turbine - http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/Common/respiration.html

1. For every ____H+ that get pushed through the cell membrane ____ ATPs are produced.

J. http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/images/anim/ETS.html

Great animation of Electron Transport Chain (Oxidative Phosphorylation)

Best for Class LCD

Start with this

http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/BiologicalSciences/Faculty/DMeyer/respiration.html

Oxidation - Reduction

http://dwb.unl.edu/Teacher/NSF/C11/C11Links/www.harcourtcollege.com/chem/biochem/GarrettGrisham/HardToGrasp/Redox/Redox.html

http://www.wiley.com/legacy/college/boyer/0470003790/animations/animations.htm

What the molecules look like for all 3 steps:

http://www.johnkyrk.com/indexkaleido7x7.eng.swf John Kyrk

Reducing/Oxidizing

ETC step by step animation

http://science.nhmccd.edu/biol/etc/respirat.html

Aerobic AND Anaerobic

Diagram

http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/energpath1.gif

Glycolysis Aerobic AND ANEAROBIC

Use this for anaerobic

http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/Common/respiration.html

Aerobic and anaerobic respiration animations: http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/Common/respiration.html

http://instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/Courses/biomi290/MOVIES/GLYCOLYSIS.HTML

http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/images/anim/ETS_slow.html

http://fig.cox.miami.edu/~cmallery/150/metab/c9x6cell-respiration.jpg

Glycolysis

There are 4 important stages in glycolysis:

Activation of glucose by ATP

Splitting of glucose into two roughly equivalent phosphorylated halves

Reduction of NAD+ to NADH

Phosphorylation of ADP

1. Whole Process and Enzymes

2. Overall Reaction Dr. Meyer at CUNY

3. Metabolic Pathways Wisconsin Online

4. Cellular Respiration Thomas M. Terry at Univ. of Conn.

5. Enzyme Tutorial from Northland Community and Technical College

6. Enzyme Pathways McGraw-Hill

7. Enzyme Activity Lew-Ports Biology Place

8. Enzymologie by Laurent Martorell Acadmie de Crteil

9. Enzyme Reaction - Simulation BBCi

10. Enzyme Kinetics Wiley

11. Enzyme Inhibition Wiley

12. Glycolysis

13. Gylcolysis by Sue Merkel, Cornell Univ (BEST)

14. Glycolysis by RM Chute

15. Glycolysis by John Kyrk

16. Anaerobic Respiration-Glycolysis and Fermentation by Sue Merkel, Cornell Univ

17. Glycolysis Animation from Northland Community and Technical College

18. Glycolysis Donald Nicholson

19. Acetyl CoA and Krebs (TCA)(Citric Acid) Cycle

20. Virtual Cell's Educational Animations MCBE

21. TCA (Citric Acid) Cycle by Rodney F. Boyer

22. Citric Acid Cycle Purdue University

23. Fatty Acid Respiration Campbell Interactive Chemistry

24. The Pruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Campbell Interactive Chemistry

25. Acetyl CoA and Krebs Cycle by June B. Steinberg

26. Oxidative Phosphorylation

27. ATP Synthase Gradient: The Movie Virtual Cell

28. ATP Synthase Movie Thomas M. Terry at Univ. of Conn.

29. ATP Synthesis (ATPase) Flash Animation Carnegie Mellon

30. Production of ATP by Oxidative Phosphorylation

31. Electron Transport by June B. Steinberg

32. Oxidative Phosphorylation Campbell Interactive Chemistry

33. Oxidative Phosphorlyation (advanced) Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology

34. Electron Transport McGraw-Hill

35. Electron Transport by Rodney F. Boyer

36. Oxidative Phosphorylation Purdue University

37.

ab includes a worksheet.

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Links

Aerobic and anaerobic respiration animations: http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/Common/respiration.html

Aerobic respiration tutorial: http://www2.nl.edu/jste/aerobic_respiration.htm

ATP and biological energy tutorial: http://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookATP.html

ATP to ADP animation: http://www.biologyinmotion.com/atp/index.html

Respiration and photosynthesis animations: http://www.science.smith.edu/departments/Biology/Bio231/

Cellular metabolism and fermentation: http://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookGlyc.html

Good photosynthesis animation: http://www.web.virginia.edu/gg_demo/movies/figure18_12b.html

Glycolysis animations: http://science.nhmccd.edu/biol/glylysis/glylysis.html

Celluar respiration animation: http://instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/courses/biomi290/ASM/glycolysis.dcr

Good narrated animation of photosynthesis: http://www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/forestbiology/photosynthesis.swf

Photosynthesis animation: http://www2.kumc.edu/netlearning/examples/flash/photosyn2.html

Production of ATP by oxidative phosphorylation animations: http://science.nhmccd.edu/biol/etc/respirat.html

Fermentation animation: http://instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/Courses/biomi290/MOVIES/GLYCOLYSIS.HTML

Good outline of cellular respiration and photosynthesis

from Kim Rebello.

The structure of mitochondria vs chloroplasts: http://w3.dwm.ks.edu.tw/bio/activelearner/08/ch8c1.html

PowerPoint presentation on photosynthesis: http://sun.sunyrockland.edu/~kbaker/photo.ppt

Another good photosynthesis animation: http://www.johnkyrk.com/photosynthesis.html

Good photosynthesis animations with audio: http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072437316/student_view0/chapter10/animations.html#

PS Workbook/ Tutorial http://www.nclark.net/photosynthesis.pdf

Activities at this website: http://www.nclark.net/PhotoRespiration

Do this "Investigating Photosynthesis and Respiration through Kinesthetics and Inquiry"

activity.

Use this "Photosynthesis / Cell Respiration / Enzymes / Light" Jeopardy Game

with instructions.

Try this Flinn "Respiration versus Photosynthesis"

activity.

Have students do this "Energy in a Cell"

crossword puzzle.

Or do this "Energy in a Cell" wordsearch puzzle

with answers

.

"The Demise of the Halloween Pumpkin" would be a great activity to start around Halloween. This is an ongoing activity that will last aproximately 3 months. The activity measures energy use, but teaches about setting up controlled experiments and about the decomposing activity of microorganisms.

Use this "Photosynthesis"

tutorial with questions for students to answer.

Using the Cells Alive website, Maria Ferraro contributed this "The Cell Cycle and Animal Cell Mitosis"

worksheet.

Play the "Come On Down (The Electron Transport Chain)" song performed by Sam Reid. (To save the song you can right-click on the link and select "Save Target As.")

Use this "Jeopardy PowerPoint: Photosynthesis / Cell Respiration / Enzymes / Light" to review for quizes.

Play this Quia battleship "Glycolysis" game.

"The Effects of Light Intensity and Wavelength on the Rate of Photosynthesis" is an activity that uses this photosynthesis animation.

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Labs

The "Burning Peanuts Laboratory"

reveals the energy stored in food and includes a student guide

.

The "Effects of a Closed Environment on Living Things" lab demonstrates how plants use carbon dioxide and produce carbon and how animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide.

This "Do Plants Consume or Release CO2? Or Both?" lab demonstrates how plants carry on both photosynthesis and respiration.

The "Rate of Photosynthesis" lab explores just that.

Do the "Leaf Pigment Chromatography" lab

.

This lab

compares the production of starch in leaves kept in the light and those in the dark.

This "Fermentation by Yeast" lab

can be used in this unit or with the study of microorganisms. This is an image of the lab report for this lab done by one student group.

"Photosynthesis: A Controlled Experiment" illustrates the effect of differing amounts of carbon dioxide on photosynthesis in geranium plants. Coleus or other similar plants could just as easily be used.

"The Energy Content of Food Laboratory"

is another activity for determining the calories in food and includes a teacher's guide

.

In "The Heat is On - The Energy Stored in Food" students will burn several types of nuts and snack foods in order to determine their heat content per gram.

In Kim Rebello's "Every Breath You Take"

lab students investigate whether animals and plants carry on respiration.

Make a homemade calorimeter to determine "The Energy in Food"

.

This "Waterweed Simulation" is a worksheet to acompany "The Waterweed Simulator." Students count the bubbles released by Elodea to determine which color of light is more effective for photosynthesis. (Since Elodea is hard to come by these days, this is a good alternative.)

This "Plant Respiration" lab

uses seedlings and a bromothymol blue solution to demonstrate that plants give off CO2 during respiration.

In "Studying the Effect of Photosynthesis and Respiration on Aquatic Chemistry" students use microcosms and RUSS data to investigate changes in oxygen concentrations that result from photosynthesis and respiration. The lab includes a worksheet.

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Links

Aerobic and anaerobic respiration animations: http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/Common/respiration.html

Aerobic respiration tutorial: http://www2.nl.edu/jste/aerobic_respiration.htm

ATP and biological energy tutorial: http://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookATP.html

ATP to ADP animation: http://www.biologyinmotion.com/atp/index.html

Respiration and photosynthesis animations: http://www.science.smith.edu/departments/Biology/Bio231/

Cellular metabolism and fermentation: http://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookGlyc.html

Good photosynthesis animation: http://www.web.virginia.edu/gg_demo/movies/figure18_12b.html

Glycolysis animations: http://science.nhmccd.edu/biol/glylysis/glylysis.html

Celluar respiration animation: http://instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/courses/biomi290/ASM/glycolysis.dcr

Good narrated animation of photosynthesis: http://www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/forestbiology/photosynthesis.swf

Photosynthesis animation: http://www2.kumc.edu/netlearning/examples/flash/photosyn2.html

Production of ATP by oxidative phosphorylation animations: http://science.nhmccd.edu/biol/etc/respirat.html

Fermentation animation: http://instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/Courses/biomi290/MOVIES/GLYCOLYSIS.HTML

Good outline of cellular respiration and photosynthesis

from Kim Rebello.

The structure of mitochondria vs chloroplasts: http://w3.dwm.ks.edu.tw/bio/activelearner/08/ch8c1.html

PowerPoint presentation on photosynthesis: http://sun.sunyrockland.edu/~kbaker/photo.ppt

Another good photosynthesis animation: http://www.johnkyrk.com/photosynthesis.html

Good photosynthesis animations with audio: http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072437316/student_view0/chapter10/animations.html#

Great timing! I just had a test on cellular respiration... Here are a few good web sites...

http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/images/anim/ATPmito.html

Animations of ATP production in the mitochondria. Thomas Terry of the University of Connecticut has created excellent animations of electron transport and the ATP synthease enzyme. These animations help to explain how electron transport generates an electrical gradient that provides the energy necessary to produce ATP. Click on the various links for different animations.

http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/images/anim/ETS.html

Animations of electron transport in the mitochondria. You may reach this animation using links from the first address, since this is another animation produced by Thomas Terry.

http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookGlyc.html

Cellular metabolism and fermentation. This chapter of M.J. Farabees excellent online textbook will help you learn about both aerobic and anaerobic respiration.

http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/C/CellularRespiration.html

A summary of the process of cellular respiration.

http://www2.nl.edu/jste/electron_transport_system.htm

Electron transport system. Hit the play buttons at the corners of the diagrams to view some nice animations. This is a really good visual representation of electron transport and chemiosmosis.

http://www.bact.wisc.edu/microtextbook/Metabolism/Fermfoods.html

Fermentations of Importance to Humans. Examples of, and a brief discussion of how to make, some of the products of fermentation.

http://www.goaskalice.columbia.edu/0818.html

Muscle soreness and weightlifting. Alice explains why your muscles produce lactic acid and how you can avoid lactic acid production when weightlifting.

http://www.stolaf.edu/people/giannini/flashanimat/metabolism/mido%20e%20transport.swf

Another animation of electron transport. I cant get enough of these. I am including so many illustrations of this concept because it is very important. Plus, these are neat to watch. Hit the GO button in the lower left corner to start the show.

http://www.jonmaber.demon.co.uk/glyintro/

Introduction to glycolysis. Go to the questions at the bottom and click on each one. You can use the arrows at the top of each question page to proceed. Lots of information here if you can work your way through the site. I found that the Quicktime animations worked better on my computer.

http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~bioslabs/studies/mitochondria/mitopoisons.html

Use of metabolic poisons to study mitochondrial function. A brief list of poisons that inhibit mitochondrial functioning.

http://www.gwu.edu/~mpb/

Metabolic pathways of biochemistry. While in more detail than your text, this site presents you with excellent three-dimensional rotatable images of carbohydrate metabolism (glycolysis, Krebs cycle), lipid metabolism, protein metabolism, and chemiosmosis (oxidative phosphorylation). I had some trouble connecting to the 3-D plug-ins.

http://old.jccc.net/~pdecell/cellresp/respoverview.html

Overview of cellular respiration. You can click on various regions of the map for a more detailed explanation of that component of cellular respiration.

http://instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/Courses/biomi290/MOVIES/GLYCOLYSIS.HTML

The miracle of fermentation. You will need Macromedias Shockwave player to view this animation on lactate (lactic acid) fermentation.