Pound Imagism

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    Ezra Pound

    Ezra Pound

    ANDImagism

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    Pound’s Biography (Encyc opedia Bri annica"

    • Ezra Pound, in #u Ezra Loomis Pound ($orn %c & ' ) *++,) -ai ey) Idaho ) .&/&0died No1& *) *234) 5enice ) I a y ") American poe and cri ic) a supreme y discerning and energe ic en repreneur o# he ar s who did more han any o her sing e #igure o ad1ance a 6modern7 mo1emen in Eng ish and American i era ure & Pound promo ed) and a so occasiona y he ped o shape) he wor8 o# such wide y di##eren poe s and no1e is s as 9i iam Bu er :ea s ) ;ames ;oyce ) Ernes -emingway ) awrence) and T&/& E io & -is pro?=ascis $roadcas s in I a y during 9or d 9ar II

    ed o his pos war arres and con#inemen un i *2,+&

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    Pound’s Biography (Encyc opedia Bri annica"

    • In he au umn o# *2 3) Pound $ecame pro#essor o#

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    Pound’s Biography (Encyc opedia Bri annica"

    • Pound was born in a small mining town in Idaho, the only child of a Federal Land Office official, Homer Loomis Pound of Wisconsin, and Isabel Weston of New Yor !ity" #bout $%%& the family mo'ed to the eastern states, and in (une $%%), following Homer Pound*s a++ointment to the "-" .int in Philadel+hia, they settled in nearby Wyncote, where Pound li'ed a normal middle/class childhood"

    • #fter two years at !heltenham .ilitary #cademy, which he left without graduating, he attended a local high school" From there he went for two years 0$)1$2134 to the ni'ersity of Pennsyl'ania , where he met his lifelong friend, the

    +oet William !arlos Williams " He too a Ph"5" 0bachelor of +hiloso+hy4 degree at Hamilton !ollege , !linton, N"Y", in $)16 and returned to the ni'ersity of Pennsyl'ania for graduate wor " He recei'ed his ."#" in (une $)17 but withdrew from the uni'ersity after wor ing one more year toward his doctorate" He left with a nowledge of Latin, 8ree , French, Italian, 8erman, -+anish, Pro'en9al, and #nglo/-a:on, as well as of ;nglish literature and grammar"

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    Pound’s Biography (Encyc opedia Bri annica"

    • -e had $een o Europe hree imes $e#ore) he hird ime a one in he summer o# *2 C) when he

    had ga hered he ma eria #or his #irs hree

    pu$ ished ar ic es Raphaelite Latin, concerning he >a in poe s o# he

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    Pound’s Biography (Encyc opedia Bri annica"

    • Now) wi h i e money) he sai ed o i$ra ar and sou hern /pain) hen on o 5enice) where in ;une *2 + he pu$ ished) a his own eFpense) his #irs $oo8 o# poems) # lume spento & A$ou /ep em$er *2 + he wen

    o >ondon) where he was $e#riended $y he wri er and edi or =ord MadoF =ord (who pu$ ished him in his $nglish Re%iew ") en ered 9i iam Bu er :ea s ’s circ e) and oined he 6schoo o# images)7 a modern group

    presided o1er $y he phi osopher T&E& -u me&

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    Pound’s Biography (Encyc opedia Bri annica"

    • In Eng and) success came uic8 y o Pound& A $oo8 o# poems) Personae ) was pu$ ished in Apri *2 2G a second $oo8) $&ultations ) #o owed in %c o$erG and a hird $oo8) 'he (pirit o Romance ) $ased on ec ures de i1ered in >ondon (*2 2H* ") was pu$ ished in *2* &

    • A# er a rip home0a as despera e and unsuccess#u a emp oma8e a i erary i#e #or himse # in Phi ade phia or New :or8 @i y0he re urned o Europe in =e$ruary *2**) 1isi ing I a y) ermany) and =rance& Toward he end o# *2** he me an Eng ish ourna is )

    A #red

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    Pound’s Biography (Encyc opedia Bri annica"

    • In *2*4 Pound $ecame >ondon corresponden #or he sma magazine Poetry (@hicago"G he did much o enhance he magazine’s impor ance and was soon a dominan #igure in Ang o?

    American 1erse& -e was among he #irs o recognize and re1iew he poe ry o# awrence and o praise he scu p ure o# he modernis s ;aco$ Eps ein and -enri audier?Brzes8a & As eader o# he Imagis mo1emen o# *2*4H * ) successor o# he 6schoo o# images)7 he drew up he #irs Imagis mani#es o) wi h i s emphasis on direc and sparse anguage and precise images in poe ry) and he edi ed he #irs Imagis an ho ogy) Des Imagistes (*2* "&

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    Pound’s Biography (Encyc opedia Bri annica"

    • -e con inued o pu$ ish his own poe ry (Ripostes ) *2*4G Lustra ) *2*C" and prose cri icism ( Pa%annes an" Di%isions )

    *2*+"& =rom he i erary remains o# he grea %rien a is Ernes =eno osa) which had $een presen ed o Pound in *2*') he succeeded in pu$ ishing high y acc aimed Eng ish 1ersions o# ear y @hinese poe ry) Cathay (*2*,") and wo 1o umes o# ;apanese Noh p ays (*2*CH*3" as we &

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    Juo a ions

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    Juo a ions

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    5or ograph por rai o# Ezra Pound $y A 1in >angdon @o$urn

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    @on ri$u ions o Modernis Poe ry

    • More han any o her wri er) he was responsi$ e #or drama ic changes occurring wi h poe ry&

    • .rged wri ers o 6ma8e i new7 • In# uenced o her wri ers o discard

    radi iona #orms) echni ues) and ideas • EFperimen ed wi h new approaches • -is mo1emen was ca ed IMAGISM

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    Poetry in Pictures Imagis poe s #ocused heir wri ing on simp e images& They a emp ed o use words o pain pic ures in heir readers’ minds&

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    What is Imagism?

    • A poetic movement established in1912 by American and English poets Ezra Pound, Hilda Doolittle,

    ichard Aldington, and !" #" !lint • $nspired by the critical vie%s o& '"E"

    Hulme, in response to the careless thought and omantic optimism he sa% prevailing in the literary arena"

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    • (ed by Ezra Pound, this poetic movement %as part o& a poetic insurgence against genteel poe